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20 février 2009 5 20 /02 /février /2009 10:02
J'aime m'asseoir en face de mon clavier quand le soir tout devient silencieux et que les bruits de la rue se font feutrés .
Mon Quartier Général est dans une minuscule pièce qui est juste à coté d'un escalier en bois, tout droit, très raide et de ma fabrication, qui accède à la soupente . A l'origine, une échelle d'accès au grenier autorisée suivant le permis de construire aurait du faire l'affaire, mais je ne suis pas si sportif pour jouer au Premier de Cordée. Ne pensez pas que ce soit si simple de calculer le nombre de marches tenant compte de l'espace imposé, de l'épaisseur et la profondeur des pas...Bref, j'aime quelquefois à regarder cette oeuvre d'art illicite qu'aujourd'hui je n'aurai plus la force de construire de mes propres mains . Sic transit Gloria Mundi mais je la rattrape,la Gloire, en tapant mes élucubrations nocturnes  grâce à Bill Gate ...
J'étais déjà fatigué, un peu las du bruit de...mes moteurs de recherche pour élucider enfin quel était cette personne nommée Molbert(1) qui avait donné son nom à un collège de la rue Horace Vernet à Alger . J'ai quand même appris à cette occasion qu'un "Molbert" était  en Esthonien,( et depuis passé dans la langue francaise), un meuble employé chez les antiquaires pour mettre en valeur un tableau . Encore surpris de cette découverte inattendue de marché aux puces, je sentis comme un changement de décor dans la portion d'escalier que je voyais de coté sans y prendre garde .Je tournais alors la tète instinctivement féru de mes années de sentinelle nocturne dans l'armée de réserve, et vit un gros rat dodu remontant lestement la pente des escaliers, dérangé sans doute dans ses explorations obscures .
Qu'auriez-vous fait à ma place ? Moi la dernière fois que j'ai vu un de ses cousins Jordanien c'était en période kaki quand sous la tente un voleur affamé au nez pointu était venu goûter dans mon havresac les délicatesses que ma femme m'avait envoyées pour améliorer l'ordinaire des armées .
Et bien mon premier réflexe fut de me taire, et d'agir en silence sans lui jeter ma pantoufle comme c'est la mode à l'étranger  .D'abord j'ai fermé toutes les portes, comme on ferme le sas d'un sous-marin, pour limiter le périmètre de la promenade de cet hôte tout gris .
Et puis j'ai allumé dans le couloir les lampes pour lui faire croire que le jour se levait et qu'il était temps pour lui d'aller se coucher dans sa tanière.J'ai entendu encore des bruits de cartons et un lourd silence est revenu . Et j'ai passé ma nuit à chercher une solution sans éveiller l'attention de la maisonnée, de peur de déclencher une révolution locale avec appel aux pompiers et services municipaux à minuit sonnant .
Le matin de très bonne heure ma femme est partie en ville à ses occupations sans n'avoir rien remarquer . Moi je suis sorti pour acquérir chez un droguiste, pas celui qui est tout prés de chez moi, (il n'a pas besoin de savoir que nous avons malgré nous un locataire indésirable ), mais à une lieue d'ici où les mauvaises langues ne nous atteindrons pas .
Un piège à Souris, dis-je discrètement au vendeur, évitant de préciser la véritable identité de l'intrus .
-Ah,Ah! un piège à ressort, ou une planchette collante ?
-Non, non c'est trop cruel ! Alors le vendeur sortit de dessous de son comptoir avec un air entendu une boite en fer blanc ajourée dont l'entrée bascule sur le visiteur quand il saisit l'appât . Et il commença à voix haute au milieu de tous les clients à vanter sa marchandise et à m'expliquer le fonctionnement de ce piège , à moi qui avait été un lecteur assidu de David Crocket et connaissait tous les secrets de ses lacets posés dans la foret !. Et ajouta ,comme un avis à la population, que dans le quartier à cause des travaux municipaux les rats dérangés par les tracteurs cherchaient asile dans des lieux plus calmes . A cette occasion, sachez que comme vous avez dans votre pharmacie des sels contre les étourdissements , il vous faut aussi, et plus utile en réserve qu'un petit pois chez soi, une boite de saucisses-cocktail, très utiles pour faire descendre votre chat de son arbre haut-perché  ,ou faire revenir au bercail un petit chien ivre de liberté  !
Car nul n'est à l'abri d'un évenement inattendu . Je munis donc dans le piège le bout de fil de fer cette saucisse de Strasbourg,et l'installa à coté d'un vieux livre à la reliure rongée par le nouvel occupant . C'était une édition de  "Gaspard de la Nuit" de Louis-Aloyus Bertrand, une oeuvre étrange que j'avais dénichée chez un bouquiniste , et impatiement j'attendis le coucher du soleil... 
A Alger,pendant la guerre,les habitants n'étaient pas les seuls affamés: les rongeurs avaient escaladé les immeubles et chez nous avaient grignoté ce qui leur était accessible en dernier ressort, les  bourrelets des fenêtres qui devaient arrêter les vents froids de la mer .
Ma mère seule à la maison en 1943,c'était l'époque où mon père faisait la Campagne de Tunisie, installa un piège à ressort dans le couloir de l'appartement . Un matin elle découvrit une souris le cou pris dans l'attrape .Et c'est le concierge le brave Monsieur Juan à l'éternel béret qui brûla avec de l'alcool le piège et sa victime car le Typhus faisait rage en ville, et même un enfant des voisins , le fils Guérin en était atteint .
La nuit se passa en plein jour artificiel,et le silence nocturne ne fut pas troublé par un seul trot discret à tel point que le matin je suis allé courageusement constater que le piège était vide avec pourtant autour des grains noirs qui ne laissaient pas de doute sur la carte de visite de cet insolent Gaspard . J'eus alors l'idée géniale de descendre dans la jardin et inviter notre chatte à explorer la maison, chose absolument interdite en temps de paix, mais nous étions en guerre .Elle s'assit sur le fauteuil le plus accueillant, celui de la télévision dans le salon et y fit sa toilette en se léchant les pattes !. Je la pris donc dans mes bras et la libérais dans les escaliers qui conduisaient à la soupente . Elle y réfléchit longuement comme avant de rentrer dans la chambre de Barbe-Bleue, et refusa sans doute repue d'aller en exploration pour chasser. Elle me déçut beaucoup. Et préférâ s'installer sur le calculateur tout tiède en balayant l'écran de sa queue touffue .
Je me souvins alors d'une comptine que nous chantions assis en cercle :

Petit soulier d'or et d'argent,
Maman t'attend au bout du champ
Pour boire le lait que les souris ont barboté
Au bout d'une heure,deux heures trois heures..,
Petit soulier va-t'en !

Et nous devions replier notre jambe chacun à notre tour .
Ainsi passa un autre jour d'angoisse, ne sachant que faire, ne voulant pas dévoiler mon secret et pensant déjà demander l'aide d'un Tartarin spécialiste dans la chasse aux rongeurs .
Mais cette deuxième nuit d'attente fut fructueuse .
J'entendis claquer le bruit métallique de la porte du piège , comme une délivrance ! Elle s'était refermée  sur le séant du visiteur qui essayait mais en vain de sortir de sa prison à reculons. Comme un condamné à mort, il avait quand même un dernier repas de choix avant que je décide de sa fin sans appel . Je l'aurai bien libéré dehors, mais je sais que cet animal est très rusé et serait revenu sur ses pas ....
Brusquement après la chaleur inhabituelle de ce mois de Février, éclata forcément l'orage . La pluie si attendue tomba lourde et violente avec des bourrasques qui secouaient furieusement les arbres . Le vent aussi balaya les années lorsque me revinrent sur les lèvres ces quelques lignes
(2) que l'instituteur Dicrecenso nous fit aimer en Cours Moyen et que jamais je n'oublierai :

Oh ! la terrible nuit pour les petits oiseaux !
Un vent glacé frissonne et court par les allées ;
Eux, n'ayant plus l'asile ombragé des berceaux,
Ne peuvent pas dormir sur leurs pattes gelées.


Mais dites-vous quel est ce sentimentalisme sélectif ? Votre coeur se serre en pensant aux petits oiseaux luttant jusqu'au matin et allez exécuter un miséreux tout noir ! Je suspecte que si sa fourrure était blanche et son nez rose, comme celui d'un dessin animé,il aurait eu à vos yeux la vie sauve ...
Dès l'aube, claire et nettoyée des poussières ,  lâchement alors que personne ne pouvait me voir, j'ai mis le piège dans un sac en nylon percé de petits trous, ai rempli un seau d'eau, et  y ai jeté la cage  et y posa une pierre pour éviter toute surprise et suis vite reparti me laver les mains, à la fois juge, procureur, et exécuteur de basse-oeuvre .
La mort par immersion est hélas douloureuse et pas si rapide pendant que l'eau envahit les poumons . Une mauvaise note sur mon carnet le jour où je devrai le présenter au Ciel. Mais cette aventure n'est connue que de vous et moi .
Ainsi la réputation de ma maison ne sera pas entachée. Mais depuis, souvent la nuit je crois entendre des froissements bizarres et pour me rassurer essaye de penser que c'est le bois de la charpente qui travaille sous les tuiles, ou les pigeons qui se promènent dans la gouttière . Ce Gaspard (1) , amateur de vieilles reliures, avait-il une descendance littéraire ? C'est donc que j'avais assassiné en vain un père de famille nombreuse en voulant me débarrasser d'un sans domicile fixe qui plus est, avait les mêmes goûts que moi pour les choses du livre .
Hein, pourquoi ?

Typical House Mouse


Notes:
(1) Gaspard: En 14/18 c'était le surnom donné aux rats dans les tranchées françaises face aux Allemands où ce prénom est répandu .

(1) Ecole Molbert : voir le site d'Es'mma, horloger spécialiste qui répare les souvenirs fêlés et remonte les pendules de l'Algérie de notre jeunesse  :
http://esmma.free.fr/mde4/index2.htm


(2) Cette poésie,"Nuit de Neige", j'ai toujours cru qu'elle était d'André Theuriet ! Grâce à internet je l'ai retrouvée en entier dans les oeuvres de Guy de Maupassant
( 1850-1893), un peu déçu d'ailleurs, car en passant il a écrit  des mots souvent antisémites, surtout lors de ses descriptions en Algérie .
http://poesie.webnet.fr/poemes/France/maupassant/1.html


Ce Gaspard de mon cauchemar n'a rien de commun avec celui du "Gaspard de la Nuit" . Vous lirez ces vers étranges, et ces miniatures littéraires de Aloysius (Louis) Bertrand (1807-1841) dans :
http://www.gutenberg.org/files/17708/17708-h/17708-h.htm#TABLE

http://gerdafreddy.spaces.live.com/blog/cns!219A79443805ED96!2287.entry

http://cage.rug.ac.be/~dc/Literature/Gaspard/index.html

Et puis je ne peux m'empêcher de vous inviter à lire ce poème en prose de Charles Baudelaire (1821-1867) :

« Le joujou du pauvre »

Je veux donner l'idée d'un divertissement innocent. Il y a si peu d'amusements qui ne soient pas coupables ! 
   Quand vous sortirez le matin avec l'intention décidée de flâner sur les grandes routes, remplissez vos poches de petites inventions à un sol, - telles que le polichinelle plat mû par un seul fil, les forgerons qui battent l'enclume, le cavalier et son cheval dont la queue est un sifflet, - et le long des cabarets, au pied des arbres, faites-en hommage aux enfants inconnus et pauvres que vous rencontrerez. Vous verrez leurs yeux s'agrandir démesurément. D'abord ils n'oseront pas prendre ; ils douteront de leur bonheur. Puis leurs mains agripperont vivement le cadeau, et ils s'enfuiront comme font les chats qui vont manger loin de vous le morceau que vous leur avez donné, ayant appris à se défier de l'homme.

   Sur une route, derrière la grille d'un vaste jardin, au bout duquel apparaissait la blancheur d'un joli château frappé par le soleil, se tenait un enfant beau et frais, habillé de ces vêtements de campagne si pleins de coquetterie.

     Le luxe, l'insouciance et le spectacle habituel de la richesse, rendent ces enfants-là si jolis, qu'on les croirait faits d'une autre pâte que les enfants de la médiocrité ou de la pauvreté.  

   À côté de lui, gisait sur l'herbe un joujou splendide, aussi frais que son maître, verni, doré, vêtu d'une robe pourpre, et couvert de plumets et de verroteries. Mais l'enfant ne s'occupait pas de son joujou préféré, et voici ce qu'il regardait :

     De l'autre côté de la grille, sur la route, entre les chardons et les orties, il y avait un autre enfant, sale, chétif, fuligineux, un de ces marmots-parias dont un œil impartial découvrirait la beauté, si, comme l'œil du connaisseur devine une peinture idéale sous un vernis de carrossier, il le nettoyait de la répugnante patine de la misère.  

   À travers ces barreaux symboliques séparant deux mondes, la grande route et le château, l'enfant pauvre montrait à l'enfant riche son propre joujou, que celui-ci examinait avidement comme un objet rare et inconnu. Or, ce joujou, que le petit souillon agaçait, agitait et secouait dans une boîte grillée, c'était un rat vivant ! Les parents, par économie sans doute, avaient tiré le joujou de la vie elle-même.

Et les deux enfants se riaient l'un à l'autre fraternellement, avec des dents d'une égale blancheur.




Repost 0
17 février 2009 2 17 /02 /février /2009 15:38

Guilad est devenu Caporal,
Le Hamas lui a remis ses galons ......
Une intime cérémonie dans un bunker en béton,
Dans un local sans lucarne où ne filtre pas le son .
Guilad dans cette oubliette, pourrait devenir même Général ....
Cela ne tiens qu'à nous de libérer en échange les pires assassins ,  
Ceux qui ont du sang sur les mains et prêts à recommencer le lendemain .
La Croix Rouge, l'ONU, le Vatican, n'ont d'yeux que pour les habitants de Gaza,
Cette région qui cultive le fanatisme et gouverne suivant les canons  de la Charia,
Ce pays où le Hamas torture les opposants et enseigne la mort aux nouveaux-nés .
Un conseil, au soldat qui viendrait à tomber dans les mains de ces hommes masqués :
Toujours dans votre fusil gardez une balle en réserve pour vous faire sauter le caisson,
Une grenade quadrillée pour percer les agresseurs et franchir avec eux le Rubicon.
Ainsi ferez-vous d'une pierre mortelle trois coups : vous éviterez votre souffrance,
Neutraliserez courageusement vos nombreux assaillants et leurs espérances,
Offrirez à vos parents sur un coussin de velours la médaille de la résistance ....
Mais aussi surtout vous sauverez votre Patrie d'un débat Cornélien ,
Que dans les rangs de l'Assemblée discutent des gens biens ...
Hélas Guilad semble être une épine dans la gorge de Sion :
Faut-il sauver de la geôle un simple centurion
En libérant des assassins par légions ?
Oui,faite-vite pour l'amour de Sion.



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Published by Georges Lévy - dans poésies
commenter cet article
12 février 2009 4 12 /02 /février /2009 15:06
Devant le centre administratif de l'Etat d'Israel,une immense affiche du comité de soutien qui rappelle au passant , et au Gouvernement :
" Qu'as-tu fais en faveur de Guilad Shalit ? )


Pendant son service militaire, Guilad Shalit a été kidnappé lors d'une attaque menée par des activistes du Hamas,le Dimanche 25 Juin 2006, à Kerem Shalom , en Israel.
Depuis presque 3 ans,Guilad est détenu par le Hamas dans la Bande de Gaza .

Ses parents ont édité et illustré une rédaction de Guilad enfant .
Cette histoire "Quand le requin et le poisson se recontrèrent pour la première fois" a été écrite par Guilad, à l'age de onze ans .




-Quand le requin et le poisson se rencontrèrent pour la première fois -

Par: Guilad Shalit .
Classe de CM2 .
Ecole primaire de Maalé Ha'Galil .
.


Un gentil petit poisson nageait au milieu d'un océan paisible . Tout à coup,il vit un requin qui voulait le dévorer .
Le poisson se mit alors à nager très vite, mais le requin fit de même .
Soudain le poisson s'arrêta et interpella le requin:
"Pourquoi veux-tu me dévorer ? Nous pouvons jouer ensemble ! "
Le requin réfléchit longuement et dit :
" Bon d'accord. Jouons à cache-cache ."
Le requin et le poisson jouèrent toute la journée, jusqu'au coucher du soleil .
Dans la soirée, le requin rentra chez lui .


Sa mère lui demanda :
"Comment s'est passée ta journée, mon requin chéri ? Combien d'animaux as-tu dévoré aujourd'hui ? "
Le requin répondit :Aujourd'hui je n'ai dévoré aucun animal, mais j'ai joué avec une créature appelée Poisson" .
Le poisson est un animal que nous mangeons .
 Ne joue pas avec lui !", dit la mère du requin .

Dans la maison du poisson, la même chose se produisit .
"Comment vas-tu, petit poisson ? Comment s'est passée la journée dans l'océan ?" demanda la mère du poisson .

Le poisson répondit : " Moi Aujourd'hui, j'ai joué avec un animal appelé Requin " .
"Le requin est l'animal qui a dévoré ton père et ton frère. Ne joue pas avec cet animal ", répondit la mère .

Le lendemain, ni le requin ni le poisson ne se montrèrent au milieu de l'océan .

Ils ne se rencontrèrent pas pendant des jours, des semaines, voire des mois .

Puis un jour, ils tombèrent l'un sur l'autre . Chacun s'enfuit auprès de sa mère, et une fois de plus, ils ne se rencontrèrent pas pendant des jours, des semaines, des mois.

Au bout d'une année entière, le requin sortit faire une petite nage et le poisson fit de même . Pour la troisième fois,ils se rencontrèrent et le requin alors dit : " Tu es mon ennemi, mais peut être pouvons-nous faire la paix ?"
Le petit poisson dit " D'accord " .

Ils jouèrent en secret pendant des jours, des semaines, des mois, Jusqu'au jour où le requin et le poisson rendirent visite à la mère du poisson et parlèrent avec elle. La même chose se produit avec la mère du requin . Et depuis ce jour,les requins et les poissons vivent en paix
.
                                                          --------------------------------------------

Note :
Depuis l'enlèvement du soldat (blessé), l'Etat d'Israel s'est tourné naturellement vers les instances internationales humanitaires, car le Hamas n'est pas l'Autorité Palestinienne dont il torture systématiquement ses sympathisants en visant spécialement leurs genoux, comme la maffia, et celà actuellement en pleine rue à Gaza . Ont été contactées ( sans écho ) la Croix Rouge en première puisque c'est sa raison d'être,les Nations Unies et même le Vatican, pour invoquer outre les Conventions de Genève qui impliquent visite régulière du prisonnier, condition d'emprisonnement,et vérification de son état de santé . Bref toutes les conditions dont jouissent les plus sanglants terroristes arabes en Israel qui ont radio et tv dans leurs cellules et la possibilité d'étudier (certains ont réussi à des examens universitaires ) et reçoivent colis et  visites de leurs avocats et de leurs familles , et aussi communiquent par téléphone .......
Notez que le Maguen David Adom datant de 1930 ( l'Etoile Rouge de David ) , le service de secours équivalent en Israel de la Croix Rouge, n'est pas reconnu à Genève sous la pression des états arabes dont le Croissant Rouge,lui, est reconnu internationalement ! ( Bien que souvent les ambulances du Croissant Rouge à Gaza ou en Cisjordanie  camouflent des terroristes et des explosifs ) .
Israel, comme aussi beaucoup de pays modernes a ses misères, ses déshérités, ses problèmes économiques, mais en plus doit affronter quotidiennement un ennemi fanatique et  cruel qui veut s'installer à sa place .
Il semblerait donc difficile de penser qu'un seul citoyen soit à l'agenda d'un pays assiégé . Et bien pourtant Guilad  Shalit a sa place dans le coeur de chaque juif qui bat la chamade chaque fois que filtre une information sur le sort du jeune Caporal . Un jour quand il sera sauvé,  il le devra tout d'abord aux efforts incessants de ses courageux  parents pour qu'il n'ait pas été oublié....
Ces parents extraordinaires qui puisent dans leur douleur les forces nécessaires pour rester lucides et combattre pour la libération de ce fils qui est devenu un symbole pour les israéliens .


Le Conte écrit par Guilad est extrait du site francophone ci-dessous :


http://www.guiladshalit.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=3&Itemid=4

Tous avons tous hâte de pouvoir  écrire une  F I N  heureuse à ce cauchemar, et le plus tôt possible . L'amour de la Patrie pour l'un de ses fils en danger doit passer sous les fourches caudines . Nous savons hélas par expérience, que les nombreux terroristes libérés alors, ne tourneront pas le dos à leur passé .

Faut-il sauver de la geôle un simple centurion
En libérant des assassins par légions ?
Oui ,faite-vite pour l'amour de Sion .



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Repost 0
30 janvier 2009 5 30 /01 /janvier /2009 18:11
Ou "L'Amour à Trois",car je me suis tombé amoureux tout au long de ma vie citadine de trois  très belles villes, Alger où je suis né, Paris  que j'ai embrassée dans les années 60, et Tel-Aviv  qui m'a vu renaitre .Alors vous m'excuserez si je ne respecte pas l'unité de temps,de lieu et d'action chère à nos jeunes Humanités dans mes divagations...

Je vis depuis quelques années dans une ville dont la fondation  fut originale . Fatigués de vivre serrés dans la petite ville antique de Jaffa aux ruelles étroites(1) et tourmentées, des immigrants  israélites  décidèrent de créer une ville moderne  qui serait composée de maisons basses entourées de jardins et traversée de rues droites et bordée d'arbres .Une association fut crée pour mener à bien ce projet,dirigée par Meir Dizengoff. Meir qui était né à Kishinev (de sinistre mémoire par ses pogroms), étudia la chimie à l'Université de Paris en 1889. Edmond de Rothschild le remarqua et l'envoya en Terre Promise établir une usine de bouteilles pour ses Caves de Rishon-Le-Zion au vin déjà célèbre. Sioniste fervent il était aussi audacieux que dynamique et acheta quelques arpents de dunes pour y faire naitre une ville.
Ainsi un matin,au Nord de Jaffa, tout un groupe se réunit sur une colline élevée et modelée par les vents d'Orient .. Meir Dizengoff ramassa des coquillages et y écrivit sur chacun le numéro des lots de ce projet et présida ainsi au tirage au sort des lopins de sable .
La célèbre photo ci-dessous fixa cette naissance de la ville pour l'éternité .Elle fut dénommée,mais bien plus tard,"La Colline du Printemps". Les premiers travaux consisterent à niveler le terrain proche de la mer pour y établir les premieres maisons .


De cette image fut tiré ce timbre (le mien au coin numéroté) à l'occasion du Centenaire de la Fondation de la Ville. Dans le bas de la vignette sur la droite, le graveur n'a pas oublié le photographe penché sur son appareil à plaque sous son drap noir , qui bien sur ne pouvait être à la fois sur la photo et derrière son appareil...
En fond bleuté, les tours modernes du 21-ième siècle sur le front de mer .




Tel-Aviv naquit ainsi à la fois du sable et de la mer . Avec de tels dignes parents, elle eut  la chance d'avoir pour maîtres de brillants architectes issus de l'Allemagne des années 30, de l'Ecole de l'Architecte Gropius,qui  firent de cette ville un endroit où se mêlèrent à la fois le style Bauhaus,c'est à dire de maisons à terrasse,avec de  larges fenêtres et longs balcons et cage d'escalier toute vitrée, et aussi celui oriental empreint de l'influence turque alors très présente avec des ouvertures en ogives , des vitres colorées et des décorations en stuc rose ou vert clair...comme des Loukoums (2) .
Se mêlèrent,car aujourd'hui poussent comme des champignons à l'automne, des Tours audacieuses de verre et de béton qui ne sont pas de mon goût  ! De nos jours, l'Unesco a mit sous sa protection  historique Tel-Aviv sous le nom de la "Ville Blanche" ...Tiens du déjà vu et vécu !!...


                                 Promenade dans l'inconnu

Dans les années 1920, la Tel-Aviv moderne avait déjà bien émergée des sables de sa colline, et les petites maisons modernes s'étalaient, tracées  au cordeau loin de la vieille Yaffo tortueuse. Un entrepreneur avisé, Meir Shapira avait été le fondateur d'un de ces quartier qui porte depuis son nom, et qui devint aussi l'emplacement de la première gare d'autobus .Il se maria avec une jeune femme du nom de Sonia Gretzel, sans doute très jolie, et ils s'établirent dans  une des  maisons bâties de deux étages qu' entouraient deux nouvelles impasses parallèles qui communiquaient entre-elles .





Ces impasses s'ouvraient sur la rue King-George (sans "s" en anglais !), qui alors était une des principales artères de la ville empruntée par les lentes caravanes de dromadaires, ces efficaces  transporteurs de marchandises utilisés à l'époque pour les matériaux de construction .(Les anciens aiment à raconter les dialogues entre ouvriers sur les échafaudages qui se passaient les blocs de silicate avec des  " Bitte  Schon, Danke Schon Doktor..", oui ce fut vraiment  le temps heroique du retour au travail manuel des pionniers juifs de la vieille Europe !.
Mais revenons à cette  femme délicate .
La belle  Sonia se plaignit bientôt à son mari de voir se gâter ses chaussures sur ce sol en terre battue .
Sitôt-dit, sitôt fait ! Il se dépêcha donc d'en faire une rue asphaltée bordée de trottoir de pierre taillée. Mais le soir venu ,l'impasse étant sombre
;
l'insatiable Sonia exprimait  sa peur quotidienne à son mari à l'oreille attentive qui se plia vite à cette exigence bien compréhensible, bien qu'à cette époque il n'était pas encore  de règle de verrouiller les portes .... Alors  Meir écrivit de sa belle plume une lettre de commande à un lointain sculpteur de Détroit, un certain Gordon ,qui réalisa un énorme lion (de pierre,ou de ciment ), mais recouvert d'un enduit doré qui trône encore menaçant aujourd'hui sur son socle,au milieu de l'impasse . Comble d'ingéniosité, ses orbites renferment deux douilles pour y visser des ampoules électriques (3) ! Le tout devait chasser les mauvais esprits de la nuit .



                                                         Un lion menaçant ,mais éclairé...




Pour décorer  l'entrée de l'impasse en retrait, deux petites obélisques (difficilement visibles sur ma photo) accueillent encore le visiteur ! Et j'imagine facilement la carriole à cheval les franchissant pour s'arrêter au pied des  quelques marches  qui conduisaient à cet hôtel particulier .


       Ops ! un passant malencontreusement est passé dans le champ de la photo !
Tout y est encore, ainsi que le cocotier solitaire en retrait qui dresse sa tête et domine le quartier un peu enfumé par les autos,car cette artère est devenue très passante et depuis longtemps les équipages à chevaux ont disparu ! .

                                    Un tableau de Nahum Gutman :la Calèche


Un matin,Shapira entra dans le bureau du premier Maire,fondateur de la ville,le célèbre Dizengoff, pour demander que les noms de ces deux nouvelles impasses jumelles soient baptisée,l'une au nom de Meir,l'autre à celui de sa bien-aimée Sonia ...pour satisfaire son orgueil et aussi faire plaisir une fois de plus à sa femme .
Mais Dizengoff qui voyait en Shapira un concurrent, refusa poliment en arguant qu'un nom de rue d'un autre patronyme que le sien était déjà réservé à une personalité .
Shapira furieux et vexé s'emporta en faisant un scandale . Il parait qu'il fit plus que bousculer une chaise du bureau de Monsieur le Maire .Dizengoff ne désarma pas et s'obstina dans sa décision et pour la rendre irrévocable et clore la discussion lui jeta à la face : Ces impasses auront désormais les noms suivants, l'un sera "méconnu"* et l'autre "inconnue"*...
 Ainsi sont nés en hébreu "Ploni' et  "Almoni", qui figurent encore aujourd'hui sur les plaques municipales, pour la joie des flâneurs du quartier  . Peut-être que mon récit n'est pas  très exact dans tous ses détails, mais cette photo prouve que je ne me suis pas laisse emporté trop loin de la verite historique .


"Simta":Impasse .

Aujourd'hui dans l'une des maisons ,au rez-de-chaussée, s'ouvre un café-librairie
au nom de Sonia Graetzel. Il est  meublé à l'intérieur avec du mobilier d'époque pour s'imprégner du temps jadis .Des livres d'occasions et des aromes de Cafés des Iles pour les amateurs....Et cette librairie se prolonge à l'ombre de la frondaison du jardin . Heureusement il y est interdit de fumer .


                             Non,les chaises en plastique ne sont pas d'époque...




                               Une autre maison qui a eu la chance d'être ravalée :
                           ( J'ai un faible pour les volets en bois de cette époque )



                                                      Avec son porche en ogive :


                                         Un autre avant les travaux de sauvetage :



Shapira a cependant laissé son nom à un quartier célèbre qui fut le premier pied-a-terre moderne des émigrants . Avec les années ce quartier a changé de population et ressemble un peu à un China-Town où le langage varie avec la couleur de la peau de faux-touristes chassés de leur pays par la misère et venus en Israel y gagner un peu d'argent pour l'envoyer à leurs familles,aux quatre coins d'un monde déshérité .

Si un jour, il vous arrivait de vous perdre et de demander votre chemin à un passant dans ce quartier, ne vous fâchez pas s'il vous envoie à un lieu-dit Inconnu....

(1) Les ruelles très étroites de la Jaffa antique montant du port favorisaient  l'activité des péripatéticiennes lors du passage obligatoire des marins en goguette qui ne pouvaient ainsi les ignorer .
(2) Le Loukoum :bouchée cubique ,délicieuse et molle friandise turque, qui généralement ne laissent de leur passage éphémère, une fois la boite  entamée, que  de la poudre de sucre après que le couvercle ait été ouvert à la gourmandise .....
(3) Les gamins depuis longtemps ne volent plus les ampoules ..,il y des réverbères !

 

A deux pas de la maison de Sonia Graetzel, de l'autre cote de la rue du Roi George, (Hamelech George) un jardin public verdoyant au nom de Meir Dizzengoff ,en souvenir du premier Maire de Tel-Aviv . Des palmiers et des ficus vénérables qui abritent des générations de moineaux étendent leur ombre  autour d'un grand bassin circulaire .


Sous les nénuphars se faufilent silencieusement quelques carpes de couleurs satinées en compagnie de poissons rouges et de tortues d'eau aux yeux brillants .
Ce n'est pas le bassin aux Nymphéas de Manet, mais il me laisse quand meme rêver.
J'ai malgré mon silence dérangé une Rainette qui s'est vite cachée dans la flore aquatique ...Des bulles minuscules qui éclatent à la surface témoignent de la vie secrète de ses habitants  .



                  Une belle carpe vénérable, toute blanche et moustachue...
               Ah ! si elle pouvait sortir de son silence et me parler du passé !


"Dans vos viviers, dans vos étangs,
Carpes, que vous vivez longtemps !
Est-ce que la mort vous oublie,
Poissons de la mélancolie ?"
(Apollinaire in Bestiaire)

(Citation envoyée par Monique D.)

Ce bassin est bien entretenu par un jardinier qui d'ailleurs m'a défendu de jeter des miettes de pain aux carpes colorées ..( Ce sont des poissons du type "Koi",d'origine japonaise ) .
Au bassin des Tuileries,j'avais habitude avec mes enfants de nourrir les carpes qui sautaient presque hors de l'eau (très verte !) pour happer goulûment cette manne. Par contre celles de ce jardin royal de mon temps étaient presque toutes grises, a cause de leur grand-age sans doute...Mais les voiliers que les enfants louaient sur place animaient agréablement  de leurs voiles blanches l'eau plate et scintillante en glissant et leur caressant le dos .
J'essaye ainsi dans cette promenade de retrouver le lointain bassin du Parc de Galland à Alger, qui a vu mes ébats aquatiques quand de l'eau jusqu'aux genoux j'allais récupérer mon bateau-jouet en perdition à mi-chemin ,pendant que de loin le vieux garde infirme de la guerre 14-18 faisait des moulinets avec sa canne pour nous faire sortir du bassin.
" 22, voila "Savate", c'était le surnom que les gamins effrontés lui avaient donné car il traînait un pied raide . Je l'ai  toujours connu portant une grande pélerine qui laissait découvrir un baudrier où était enfoncé un énorme revolver . Il faisait partie du paysage de ce parc,comme les chaises vertes pliantes et le kiosque où nous allions acheter nos réglisses . Maintenant et un peu blanchi, je souris à la petite tortue curieuse qui sort sa tète de l'eau en poussant de coté un nénuphar comme pour me souhaiter la bien-venue en ce jour d'automne ensoleillé .
Les palmiers qui se reflètent dans cette eau lisse ont la tête à l'envers et mon coeur aussi : comme si je retombais en enfance .



Elle se redresse et me regarde .J'aime à croire qu'elle répond à mes sourires .....Je lui promets de revenir...

                                            Une belle fleur aquatique :



J'ai quand meme éparpillé sur le sol quelques morceaux de biscuit(4) sec dont je suis toujours muni quand je pars en promenade . Les pigeons et les moineaux se les disputent, ainsi que quelques corbeaux aux ailes noires et au poitrail marron .


J'ai suivi le manège de l'un d'eux . Après avoir saisi dans son bec la dure  provende,  il est allé se percher en équilibre sur la margelle du bassin pour l'humidifier dans l'eau avant de l'avaler ! Ce devait être un délicat ! Et ensuite ,il faut l'avoir vu pour le croire, sans doute rassasié ou craignant la voracité de ses congénères , il s'est envolé un biscuit dans son bec pour, à quelques pas plus loin........l'enterrer sous une pierre !!!!

(4)  De Gaulle prononça ce jugement flatteur au sujet de Massu " Ne part jamais sans biscuit ! ": et bien nous aussi les Français  nous sommes  partis d'Algérie, mais en y laissant nos biscuits ! . Je ne sais pourquoi cette citation m'est montée à la tete .

Je fais encore une fois le tour du bassin, en faisant crisser mes pas sur l'allée de graviers. Je n'ai pas la chance de fouler des feuilles d'automne de marroniers, mais celà n'empêche que nous avons tous à un age certain la même âme de "Petit Chose" en traversant un jardin public .
Sur le chemin du retour, je suis tombé en arrêt devant une vitrine : je viens de reconnaître un ami automate :un  canif géant, à l'écusson suisse, qui ouvre et referme ses lames chromées, le même que  j'admirais enfant dans la devanture  du début rue Bab-Azoun au coin du square Bresson  à Alger !!! A coté, un coutelier pédale sans fin pour aiguiser sur sa meule les ustensiles de cuisine ,comme on en voyait encore, une ceinture de tissu rouge à la taille s'installer sur nos trottoirs ensoleillés...

                      La Coutellerie,et en reflet les beaux volets en bois d'en face..


Voila, il se fait tard,les ombres s'allongent ,et comme  je n'ai pas de lion pour protéger mon chemin, je me hâte de rentrer chez-moi, avec une moisson de frais souvenirs à transcrire sur mon blog , pour des lecteurs imaginaires, comme si celà les intéresserait .... 

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20 janvier 2009 2 20 /01 /janvier /2009 10:10

L'Etat d'Israel à annoncé un cesser-le-feu unilatéral, le but de cette riposte en légitime défense étant d'asséner au Hamas un coup de marteau pour lui faire passer l'envie de continuer à semer la terreur sur plus d'un million d'israéliens à sa portée . A 2h du matin heure locale, à minuit celle de Paris , ce Samedi. La réponse à sens-inique n'a pas tardée :le Hamas à l'abri de mosquées et d'écoles a tiré ce même Dimanche des salves de fusées Grad sur le sud d'Israel, pour avoir le dernier mot et prolonger par la même occasion, les souffrances des deux populations .
Israel n'a pas riposté à ce chant du Coq .
En Israel, ce cesser-le-feu n'a pas été accueilli comme une Victoire . La Victoire est l'apanage d'un pays triomphant et  qui est suivie d'une capitulation et d'un traité de Paix .Le Hamas en tant qu'entité terroriste ne raisonne pas comme un Etat . Jamais il ne perdra donc la guerre, car comme une hydre ses tentacules coupées repoussent vite . Peut-être qu'un jour nos détracteurs auront la patience et surtout l'honnêté de lire la Charte du Hamas pour comprendre enfin que l'Etat Hebreu n'a aucune chance d'être accepté par ces voisins fanatiques du Sud comme du Nord ou de l'Est .
 L’idéologie du Hamas lui interdit de faire la paix avec Israël. L’article 28 de la Charte du Hamas stipule qu’Israël, "par sa judaïté et ses Juifs, constitue un défi pour l’Islam et les musulmans "
"

« Le Mouvement de la Résistance Islamique considère que la terre de Palestine est une terre islamique waqf [de main-morte] pour toutes les générations de musulmans jusqu'au jour de la résurrection. Il est illicite d'y renoncer en tout ou en partie, de s'en séparer en tout ou en partie (Article 11) . »

« Renoncer à quelque partie de la Palestine que ce soit, c'est renoncer à une partie de la religion. (Article 13)
Ainsi chaque fois qu'Israel tend généreusement  la main à ses ennemis, elle la retire ensanglantée .
A Sdérote,ville martyre depuis huit années de bombardements,les habitants mettront des mois,sinon des années pour certains enfants, à s'habituer à une vie normale . Je sais par expérience que le moindre bruit innocent les fera sursauter et que leurs nuits seront meublées de cauchemars .Et qu'ils ne marcheront plus dans la rue sans chercher à chaque pas un abri éventuel où se réfugier en dix secondes .Une blessure même grave se cicatrise avec de bons soins dévoués,mais quand c'est l'âme qui est atteinte,le mal est irréparable .C'est le choc nerveux ,le "Shell Shock", la commotion cérébrale qui empoisonne la vie des civils,comme des soldats exposés à des situations inhumaines . A Sdérote des enfants de 4 ans particulieremnt choqués ne parlent pas courament, toute leur dévellopement étant délabré .Inutile d'ajouter qu'en souffrent évidement aussi les habitants de Gaza . Mais eux, ils ont choisi d'élire des tyrans et de chanter aux télévisions avec fierté des louanges à leurs enfants qui se drapent dans des ceintures d'explosifs en remerciant Allah de les accueillir dans un Paradis où les attendent des Vierges et des parfums d'orangers .
Sans compter que pour chaque enfant sacrifié ,le Hamas paye le Chef de Famille en dollars envoyés par Téhéran .
Quelle horreur que ce panégyrique de la mort .
J'ai regarde la réception offerte à Jérusalem par Israel aux Chefs des Gouvernement Européens . Des images inoubliables .L'Angleterre,l'Allemagne, la Tchécoslovaquie,
L'Espagne, l'Italie,et au centre la France ont prononcé des discours chaleureux, en promettant de tout mettre en oeuvre pour empêcher le réarmement du Hamas .Avec bien-sur le voeu de voir bientôt la création d'un État Palestinien cote à cote avec Israel . Un programme qui fait rêver Israel depuis 1947 .  Les fumets des vins dissipés, qui effectivement contrôlera la frontière Sud de la Bande de Gaza ? Qui empêchera l'industrie des tunnels de reprendre ses activités pour empêcher l'invasion des fusées et munitions en provenance de cet immense Signai égyptien ? Qui contrôlera l'accés aux eaux territoriales de Gaza ? Qui contrôlera l'aérodrome de Gaza si un jour il réouvrira ? L'Egype refuse elle même, toute force militaire étrangère sur son sol et "promet" de s'occuper de ce "problème" .C'est à dire que jusqu'à 3 semaines l'Egypte ouvrait un oeil, et fermait l'autre pour laisser alimenter Gaza en matériel mortel, pour ne pas exacerber la colère des Frères Musulmans,opposition très active en Egypte . Israel ne peux pour l'instant envoyer Tsahal sur cet axe  de  14 Km en territoire de Gaza et doit se fier une fois de plus à des promesses écrites sur du sable .
Vous connaissez ce problème que causent les termites
qui rongent les chambranles en y creusant de minuscules tunnels . Il n'y a qu'un remède, changer la boiserie pourrie . Mais qui va changer le Hamas en colombe de la Paix ?, Téheran, Damas, Beyrouth ?
Aujourd'hui tous les enfants privés de leurs écoles depuis un mois et dont certaines portent les meurtrissures des fusées Grad, retournent avec joie y retrouver leurs camarades et leurs enseignants dont certains continuèrent dans les abris à préparer les classes terminales au Bac . Dans les livres scolaires de Gaza ,imprimés avec l'aide de l'UNWRA, vous ne trouverez que l'enseignement du mépris du Juif, de la Haine d'Israel,et  l'exhortation à la tuerie depuis le plus jeune àge, sur fond d'une Palestine s'étalant du Jourdain à la Méditerranée . Vous y verrez des images tirées du Sturmer et de la propagande hitlérienne en ce début du 21ième siècle à la mode de la Charia .
Et vous cesserez alors de verser des larmes de crocodiles sur les ruines de ces établissements de Gaza où est enseigné l'amour de la mort et chantée la destruction d'Israel .
Hier,des terroristes en auto, ont dépassé une voiture israélienne et en ont mitraillé les occupants .Un attentat de plus qui ne sera pas condamné par les médias de l'étranger .Par contre leurs journalistes vont aller fouiller à la loupe des ruines à Gaza pour essayer d'accuser Israel de crimes de guerre . Je ne les ai pas lu accuser dans leurs colonnes incendiaires leurs propres gouvernements dont les commandos sont restés l'arme au pied protéger les Dictateurs pendant le génocide au Rwanda et les guerres qui déchirent l'Afrique Noire , tout en veillant aux intérêts miniers et pétrolifères .Je n'ai pas vu de la République à la Bastille les manifestations d'intellectuels et des syndicats quand les hordes africaines  déchiquettent au coupe-coupe tout ce qui n'est pas musulman .Il est plus plus intéressant pour eux de raviver les passions anti-sémites . Pour eux,il faut dire la vérité,l'existence de l'Etat d'Israel leur est comme une épine dans la gorge . Il serait temps qu'ils s'y  habituent  .
Un hôpital complet a été installé à la frontière d'Israel pour soigner les malades et blessés de Gaza, et envoyer les plus graves dans les hôpitaux de Jérusalem ou Ashkelon . Le Hamas en civil fait tout pour interdire aux gazaouites d'y aller . Par contre déguisés en agents de police ils dirigent la circulation dans Gaza comme pour montrer à sa population que le Grand Frère y veille toujours . Quand à sa police secrète elle doit essayer de liquider les arabes fidèles au Fatah et aussi ceux qui auraient renseigné Israel ce mois dernier .

Une fois de plus les enfants d'Israel mobilisés sur un coup de téléphone ont écarté le danger immédiat; cette fois celui des bombardements en provenance de Gaza . Ils avaient abandonné leurs usines,leurs bureaux , leurs champs et surtout leurs familles avec plus qu'un pincement de coeur . Maintenant dans les hôpitaux, les camarades vont visiter leurs compagnons d'armes atteints dans leur chair et souffrant de leurs blessures . Certains méconnaissables sous leurs masques d'oxygène et les divers appareils de réanimation sont encore dans un état désespéré, veillés par leurs parents :
Nous les entourons de notre affection .
Dernière minute :

Mortar shell fired at Sdot Negev Regional Council; no injuries reported


Published:  01.20.09, 10:51 / Israel News

A mortar shell was fired from the Gaza Strip towards the Sdot Negev Regional Council. A siren sounded in the area followed by an explosion, and rescue forces are working to locate the landing site.
.
Je répète encore une fois ce que Golda Meir, alors Chef du Gouvernement en 1973 a prononcé  :
"A condition que nos ennemis signent la Paix avec nous, alors peut-être je leur pardonnerai ces guerres . Par contre jamais je ne leur pardonnerai d'avoir obligé nos enfants à  tuer les leurs" .


A tous les lecteurs de ce blog, mes remerciements de m'avoir lu et  envoyé leur amitié et compréhension sur mon mail.

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19 janvier 2009 1 19 /01 /janvier /2009 10:37

Sept 4, 2003 - St.-Sgt. Gabriel Uziel, 20, of Givat Ze'ev was shot and mortally wounded by a terrorist sniper in Jenin; he died en route to the hospital. The Fatah al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades and the Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility for the attack.

Sept 5, 2003 - 2nd Petty Officer Ra'anan Komemi, 23, of Moshav Aminadav, from the Naval Commandos was killed in a clash with armed Palestinians in Nablus. A senior Hamas bomb-maker, believed to have orchestrated several fatal suicide bombings, was also killed in the clash. Four soldiers were wounded, one seriously.

Sept 9, 2003 - Nine IDF soldiers were killed and 30 people were wounded in a suicide bombing at a hitchhiking post for soldiers outside a main entrance to the Tzrifin army base and Assaf Harofeh Hospital. Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack.
The victims: Senior Warrant Officer Haim Alfasi, 39, of Haifa; Chief Warrant Officer Yaakov Ben-Shabbat, 39, of Pardes Hanna; Cpl. Mazi Grego, 19, of Holon; Capt. Yael Kfir, 21, of Ashkelon; Cpl. Felix Nikolaichuk, 20, of Bat Yam; Sgt. Yonatan Peleg, 19, of Moshav Yanuv; Sgt. Efrat Schwartzman, 19, of Moshav Ganei Yehuda; and Cpl. Prosper Twito, 20, of Upper Nazareth. Sgt. Liron Siboni, 19, of Ramat Gan died of her wounds on November 19.

Sept 9, 2003 - Seven people were killed and over 50 wounded when a suicide bomber at Cafe Hillel on Emek Refaim St., the main thoroughfare of the German Colony neighborhood in Jerusalem. Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack.
The victims: Dr. David Appelbaum, 51, and his daughter Nava Appelbaum, 20, of Jerusalem; David Shimon Avizadris, 51, of Mevaseret Zion; Shafik Kerem, 27, of Beit Hanina; Alon Mizrahi, 22, of Jerusalem; Gila Moshe, 40, of Jerusalem; and Yehiel (Emil) Tubol, 52, of Jerusalem.

Sept 25, 2003 - St.-Sgt. Avihu Keinan, 22, of Shilo was killed and six soldiers wounded in an IDF operation to arrest wanted Islamic Jihad and Hamas terrorists in the El Boureij refugee camp in the southern Gaza Strip.

Sept 26, 2003 - Eyal Yeberbaum, 27, and seven-month-old Shaked Avraham, both of Negohot, south of Hebron, were killed during the holiday meal on the eve of Rosh Hashana in the Yeberbaum home when a Palestinian terrorist who infiltrated the settlement opened fire with an M-16 assault rifle. The terrorist was killed by IDF forces. The Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility for the attack.

Oct 4, 2003 - Twenty-one people were killed, including four children, and 60 wounded in a suicide bombing carried out by a female terrorist from Jenin in the Maxim restaurant in Haifa. The Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility for the attack.
The victims: Admiral (res.) Ze'ev Almog, 71, of Haifa, and his wife Ruth Almog, 70; their son Moshe Almog, 43, and grandsons Tomer Almog, 9, and Assaf Staier, 11, all of Haifa; Zvi Bahat, 35, of Haifa; Mark Biano, 29, of Haifa, and his wife Naomi Biano, 25; Hana Francis, 39, of Fassouta; Mutanus Karkabi, 31, of Haifa; Sharbal Matar, 23, of Fassouta; Osama Najar, 28, of Haifa, cook; Nir Regev, 25, of Nahariya; Irena Sofrin, 38, of Kiryat Bialik; Bruria Zer-Aviv, 59, her son Bezalel Zer-Aviv, 30, and his wife Keren Zer-Aviv, 29, with their children Liran, 4, and Noya, 1, all of Kibbutz Yagur. Lydia Zilberstein, 56, of Haifa died of her wounds on Oct 9. George Matar, 59, of Haifa died on Oct 15.

Oct 15, 2003 - Three American diplomatic personnel - John Eric Branchizio, 37, of Texas, John Martin Linde, Jr., 30, of Missouri, and Mark T. Parson, 31, of New York, were killed and one was wounded at the Beit Hanoun junction in the Gaza Strip when a massive bomb demolished an armor-plated jeep in a convoy carrying U.S. diplomats.

Oct 19, 2003 - St.-Sgt. Erez Idan, 19, of Rishon Lezion, Sgt. Elad Pollack, 19, of Kiryat Motzkin, and Sgt. Roy Yacov Solomon, 21, of Tel Aviv, were killed and another soldier was seriously wounded while on patrol in Ein Yabrud, north of Ramallah, when terrorists fired on them from behind. The Fatah al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades claimed responsibility for the attack.

Oct 24, 2003 - Three IDF soldiers - St.-Sgt. Alon Avrahami, 21, of Or Yehuda, Sgt. Adi Osman, 19, of Kfar Sava, and Sgt. Sarit Schneor-Senior, 19, of Shoham - were killed and two others wounded when a Palestinian terrorist infiltrated the army base in the Gaza Strip settlement of Netzarim and opened fire on the soldiers' barracks. Hamas and the Islamic Jihad claimed joint responsibility for the attack.

Nov 18, 2003 - Two IDF soldiers, Sgt.-Maj. Shlomi Belsky, 23, of Haifa, and St.-Sgt. Shaul Lahav, 20, of Kibbutz Shomrat, were killed by a Palestinian terrorist who opened fire with an AK-47 assault rifle, hidden in a prayer rug, at a checkpoint on the tunnel bypass road, linking Jerusalem and the Gush Etzion bloc. The Fatah al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades claimed responsibility for the attack.

Nov 19, 2003 - Patricia Ter´n Navarrete, 33, of Ecuador was killed and four other tourists, pilgrims from Ecuador, were wounded when a terrorist entered the Israel-Jordan border crossing terminal north of Eilat from the Jordanian side and opened fire. The terrorist was killed by Israeli security guards.

Nov 22, 2003 - Two Israeli security guards, Ilya Reiger, 58, of Jerusalem, and Samer Fathi Afan, 25, of the Bedouin village Uzeir near Nazareth, were shot dead at a construction site along the route of the security fence near Abu Dis in East Jerusalem. The Jenin Martyrs' Brigades, affiliated with Fatah, claimed responsibility for the attack.

Dec 22, 2003 - Capt. Hagai Bibi, 24, of Maaleh Adumim, and Capt. Leonardo (Alex) Weissman, 23, of Afula were killed when a Palestinian terrorist opened fire and threw hand grenades as they emerged from their jeep on the Kissufim-Gush Katif road in the Gaza Strip. The Fatah al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades claimed responsibility for the attack.

Dec 25, 2003 - Adva Fisher, 20, of Kfar Sava; St.-Sgt. Noam Leibowitz, 22, of Elkana; Cpl. Angelina Shcherov, 19, of Kfar Sava; and Cpl. Rotem Weinberger, 19, of Kfar Sava were killed and over 20 people were wounded in a suicide bombing at a bus stop at the Geha Junction, east of Tel Aviv, near Petah Tikva. The Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine claimed responsibility for the attack.

Jan 13, 2004 - Ro'i Arbel, 29, of Talmon, was killed in a terror shooting ambush near his home in Samaria. Three other passengers of the vehicle were wounded. The Fatah Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigades claimed responsibility for the attack.

Jan 14, 2004 - Cpl. Andrei Kegeles, 19, of Nahariya; St.-Sgt. Tzur Or, 20, of Rishon Lezion; security guard Gal Shapira, 29, of Ashkelon; and Border Policeman St.-Sgt. Vladimir Trostinsky, 22, of Rehovot were killed and 10 wounded when a female suicide bomber detonated a bomb at the Erez Crossing in the Gaza Strip. Hamas and the Fatah Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigades claimed joint responsibility for the attack.

Jan 29, 2004 - Eleven people were killed and over 50 wounded, 13 of them seriously, in a suicide bombing of an Egged bus no. 19 at the corner of Gaza and Arlozorov streets in Jerusalem. Both the Fatah-related Al Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades and Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack, naming the bomber as Ali Yusuf Jaara, a 24-year-old Palestinian policeman from Bethlehem.
The victims: Avraham (Albert) Balhasan, 28, of Jerusalem; Rose Boneh, 39, of Jerusalem; Hava Hannah (Anya) Bonder, 38, of Jerusalem; Anat Darom, 23, of Netanya; Viorel Octavian Florescu, 42, of Jerusalem; Natalia Gamril, 53, of Jerusalem; Yechezkel Isser Goldberg, 41, of Betar Illit; Baruch (Roman) Hondiashvili, 38, of Jerusalem; Dana Itach, 24, of Jerusalem; Mehbere Kifile, 35, of Ethiopia; and Eli Zfira, 48, of Jerusalem.

Feb 22, 2004 - Eight people were killed and over 60 wounded, 11 of them school pupils, in a suicide bombing on Jerusalem bus no. 14A near the Liberty Bell Park. The Fatah Al Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades claimed responsibility for the attack, which was carried out by Mohammed Za'ul, from the Bethlehem area.
The victims: Israel Ilan Avisidris, 41, of Jerusalem; Lior Azulai, 18, of Jerusalem; Yaffa Ben-Shimol, 57, of Jerusalem; Rahamim Doga, 38, of Mevasseret Zion; Yehuda Haim, 48, of Givat Ze'ev; St.-Sgt. Netanel Havshush, 20, of Jerusalem; Yuval Ozana, 32, of Jerusalem; and Benaya Yehonatan Zuckerman, 18, of Jerusalem.

Feb 26, 2004 - Sgt.-Maj.(res.) Amir Zimmerman, 25, of Kfar Monash was killed and two other soldiers wounded when two Palestinian terrorists opened fire near the Erez Crossing between the Gaza Strip and Israel. The terrorists were killed by IDF forces. The Fatah Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades claimed responsibility for the attack.

Feb 27, 2004 - Eitan Kukoi, 30, and his wife, Rima Novikov Kukoi, 25, were killed in a terrorist shooting attack on the Lahav-Ashkelon road, along the Green Line. The PFLP and the Fatah Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades both claimed responsibility for the attack.

Mar 14, 2004 - Ten people were killed and 16 wounded in a double suicide bombing at Ashdod Port. Hamas and Fatah claimed responsibility for the attack. The  victims: Gil Abutbul, 38, of Ashdod; Danny Assulin, 51, of Ashdod; Avraham Avraham, 34, of Ashdod; Zion Dahan, 30, of Ashdod; Ophir Damari, 31, of Rehovot; Moshe Hendler, 29, of Rehovot; Mazal Marciano, 30, of Ashdod; Avi Suissa, 56, of Kiryat Malakhi; Maurice Tubul, 30, of Ashdod; and Pinhas Avraham Zilberman, 45, of Tel Aviv.

Mar 19, 2004 - George Khoury, 20, a Christian Arab and the son of well-known veteran attorney Elias Khoury of Beit Hanina, was shot to death from a vehicle  while jogging in the north Jerusalem neighborhood of French Hill. The Fatah Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigade, which claimed responsibility for the attack, later published an apology.

Apr 3, 2004 - Yaakov (Kobi) Zagha, 40, of Avnei Hefetz was shot dead by a terrorist outside his home, after his daughter Hani, 14, was shot and wounded. Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack.

Apr 17, 2004 - Border Policeman Cpl. Kfir Ohayon, 20, of Eilat was killed, three others wounded when a Palestinian suicide bomber blew himself up at the Erez Crossing. Hamas and Fatah claimed joint responsibility for the attack.

Apr 25, 2004 - Border Policeman Cpl. Yaniv Mashiah, 20, of Jaffa, was killed and three others lightly wounded just an hour after the beginning of Memorial Day for Israel's fallen soldiers when shots were fired at their vehicle near Hebron. The Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades claimed responsibility for the attack.

May 2, 2004 - Tali Hatuel, 34, and her daughters - Hila, 11, Hadar, 9, Roni, 7, and Merav, 2 - of Katif in the Gaza Strip were killed and another civilian and two soldiers wounded when two Palestinian terrorists fired on an Israeli car at the entrance to the Gaza Strip settlement bloc of Gush Katif. Fatah and Islamic Jihad claimed joint responsibility for the attack.

May 11, 2004 - Six IDF soldiers were killed  during an IDF operation to target Qassam workshops in Gaza City, when an Armored Personnel Carrier was struck by an explosive device planted by Palestinian terrorists. Hamas and the Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility for the attack.
The soldiers killed: Sgt. Adaron Amar, 20,  of Eilat; Sgt. Aviad Deri, 21, of Maale Adumim; Staff-Sgt. Ofer Jerbi, 21, of Moshav Ben-Zakai; Staff-Sgt. Ya'akov (Zelco) Marviza, 25, of Kibbutz Hama'apil; Sgt. Kobi Mizrahi, 20, of Moshav Mata; and Staff-Sgt. Eitan Newman, 21, of Jerusalem.

May 12, 2004 - An IDF officer and four soldiers were killed, and three IDF soldiers were lightly injured, while preparing to detonate a weapon-smuggling tunnel on the Philadelphi Route near the Israeli-Egyptian border near Rafah. Their armored personnel carrier exploded, apparently after being hit by an RPG anti-tank rocket. The Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility for the attack.
The soldiers killed: Cpl. Elad Cohen, 20, of Jerusalem; Sgt.-Maj. Aiman Ghadir, 24, of Bir Makhsur; Capt. Aviv Hakani, 23, of Ashdod; Sgt. Za'ur (Zohar) Smelev, 19, of Ofakim; and Sgt. Lior Vishinski, 20, of Ramat Gan. 

May 14, 2004 - St.-Sgt. Rotem Adam, 21, Rishon Lezion and Sgt. Alexei Hayat, 21, of Beer Sheva were killed and two soldiers moderately wounded by Palestinian sniper fire in the Rafah refugee camp in the southern Gaza Strip.

May 29, 2004 - Maj. Shachar Ben-Yishai, 25, of Menahemia was killed by Palestinian gunfire following a search in the Balata camp near Nablus. The Fatah Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades claimed responsibility for the attack.

June 21, 2004 - A foreign worker, Weerachai Wongput, 37, from the Nong Han District of the northeastern province of Udon Thani in Thailand, died after being hit by shrapnel from a mortar fired into greenhouses in Kfar Darom in the Gaza Strip. The mortar was fired by Palestinians trying to divert attention from an attempt to infiltrate the settlement. Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack.

June 27, 2004 - St.-Sgt. Roi Nissim, 20, of Rishon Lezion, was killed and five other soldiers were wounded when their outpost in the Gaza Strip was blown up by Hamas terrorists who tunneled under the position and detonated a massive explosive charge.

June 28, 2004 - Mordechai Yosepov, 49, and Afik Zahavi, four, were killed  when a Kassam rocket fired by Hamas terrorists in the Gaza Strip struck near a nursery school in the northern Negev town of Sderot.

June 29, 2004 - Moshe Yohai, 63, of Ashdod, was found shot to death in Beit Rima, a Palestinian Authority-controlled village near Ramallah, where he had apparently gone on business. The Aksa Martyrs Brigades claimed responsibility.

July 4, 2004 - Victor Kreiderman, 49, of Mevo Dotan, was ambushed and shot to death by Aksa Martyrs Brigades terrorists as he and his wife were driving near the village of Yabad. His wife, Emma, was lightly wounded.

July 6, 2004 - Capt. Moran Vardi, 25, of Binyamina, of the Navy Seals commando unit Shayetet 13, was killed, and three others were wounded in an exchange of fire between IDF forces and Palestinian terrorists while attempting to arrest terrorists  in Nablus.

July 11, 2004 - Sgt. Ma'ayan Na'im, 19, of Bat Yam, was killed and 33 wounded when a bomb exploded at a bus stop in downtown Tel Aviv at about 7 a.m. One person was critically wounded, four were moderately wounded, and the rest were lightly hurt.

Aug 13, 2004 - Shlomo Miller, 50, of Itamar in Samaria was killed by a Palestinian terrorist who opened fire outside the settlement gate. The The Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades claimed responsibility.

Aug 31, 2004 - Sixteen people were killed and 100 wounded in two suicide bombings within minutes of each other on two Beersheba city buses, on route nos. 6 and 12. The buses were traveling along Beersheba's main street, Rager Blvd, near the city hall. Hamas in Hebron claimed responsibility for the attack.
The victims, all residents of Beersheba: Shoshana Amos, 64; Aviel Atash, 3; Vitaly Brodsky, 52; Tamara Dibrashvilli, 70; Raisa Forer, 55; Larisa Gomanenko, 48; Denise Hadad, 50; Tatiana Kortchenko, 49; Rosita Lehman, 45; Karine Malka, 23; Nargiz Ostrovsky, 54; Maria Sokolov, 57; Roman Sokolovsky, 53; Tiroayent Takala, 33; Eliyahu Uzan, 58; Emmanuel Yosef (Yosefov), 28.

Sept 22, 2004 - Two Border Policemen - Lance Cpl. Menashe Komemi, 19, of Moshav Aminadav and Lance Cpl.  Mamoya Tahio, 20, of Rehovot - were killed and 17 Israelis wounded in a suicide bombing carried out by a female terrorist at the French Hill junction hitchhiking post in northern Jerusalem. The Fatah al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades claimed responsibility for the attack.

Sept 23, 2004 - Capt. Tal Bardugo, 21, of Jerusalem, St.-Sgt. Nir Sami, 21, of Jerusalem, and St.-Sgt. Israel Lutati, 20, of Neve Dekalim were killed by several Palestinian terrorists, armed with AK-47 assault riffles and hand grenades, who infiltrated the military post near the community of Morag in the southern Gaza Strip. Another soldier and a journalist were also wounded in the exchange of fire in which the terrorists were killed. Two Fatah-related terror groups and the Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility for the attack.

Sept 24, 2004 - Tiferet Tratner, 24, of Jerusalem was killed in her home in Neveh Dekalim by a mortar strike on the Gush Katif settlement bloc in the Gaza Strip.

Sept 29, 2004 - Yuval Abebeh, 4, and Dorit (Masarat) Benisian, 2, both of Sderot, were killed by a Kassam rocket fired from Gaza while playing in the street. Some 20 people were wounded. Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack.

Sept 30, 2004 - St.-Sgt. Gilad Fisher, 22, of Mitzpeh Hoshaya, was killed before dawn when Hamas terrorists, under cover of heavy fog, attacked an IDF lookout post east of Beit Hanoun in the Gaza Strip. Two other soldiers were wounded. The terrorists were killed.

Sept 30, 2004 - Shlomit Batito, 36, of Nissanit, was shot and killed by Hamas terrorists while jogging on the road. Sgt. Victor Ariel, 20, of Kadima, a medic, was killed by a grenade thrown by one of the terrorists as he ran to aid Batito. The terrorists were killed by soldiers.

Oct 6, 2004 - Pratheep Nanongkham, 24, a greenhouse worker from Maha Sarakham province in Thailand, was killed when armed terrorists infiltrated the hothouse area of Kfar Darom in the central Gaza Strip. Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack.

Oct 7, 2004 - A total of 32 people were killed in terror bombings at two Sinai holiday resorts frequented by Israelis: 29 at the Taba Hilton and three at Ras a-Satan. Among the dead were 12 Israelis; over 120 were wounded.
The Israeli victims at Taba: Assaf Greenwald, 27, of Ramat Gan; Hafez al-Hafi, 39, of Lod; Rotem Moriah, 27, of Tel Aviv; Tzila Niv, 43, and her two sons, Gilad, 11, and Lior, 3, of Rakefet; Oleg Paizakov, 32, and his wife Ludmilla, 30, of Bat Yam; and Khalil Zeitounya, 10, of Jaffa.
The Israeli victims at Ras a-Satan: Michal Alexander, 27, of Ganei Tikva; Roy Avisaf, 28, of Kfar Sava; and Einat Naor, 27, of Kibbutz Zikim.

Oct 19, 2004 - St.-Sgt. Yair Nisim Turgemann, 22, of Kiryat Arba, was killed at an IDF base near Mevo Dotan in Samaria when Palestinian gunmen opened fire from Palestinian territory west of the community. The Fatah Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades claimed responsibility for the attack.

Oct 21, 2004 - Sgt.-Maj. Moshe Almaliach, 35, of Dimona, a career NCO in the IDF engineering corps, was killed by a bomb explosion While conducting construction work on the Philadelphi road in the Gaza Strip. Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack.

Oct 28, 2004 - Sgt. Michael Chizhik, 21, of Tiberias was killed and six other soldiers wounded in a mortar shell attack on an IDF outpost at Morag in the southern Gaza Strip. Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack.

Nov 1, 2004 - Three people were killed and over 30 wounded in a suicide bombing at the Carmel Market in central Tel Aviv. The Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine in Nablus claimed responsibility for the attack, carried out by Amar Alfar, 18, from Askar refugee camp in Nablus.
The victims: Tatiana Ackerman, 32, of Tel Aviv; Leah Levine, 64, of Givatayim; and Shmuel Levy, 65, of Jaffa.

Dec 7, 2004 - St.-Sgt. Nadav Kudinski, 20, of Kiryat Gat of the Oketz canine unit was killed by a bomb, along with his dog, when a booby-trapped chicken coup exploded northwest of the Karni Corssing in the Gaza Strip. Four soldiers were wounded in the exchange of fire while evacuating him. Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack.

Dec 12, 2004 - Five IDF soldiers were killed and five wounded when a tunnel filled with 1.5 tons of explosives were detonated under an IDF post at the Rafah  crossing, followed by the infiltration of the post by two terrorists who opened fire and activated another explosive device. Hamas and the Fatah Hawks claimed responsibility for the attack.
The soldiers killed: Sgt. Araf Azbarga, 19, of Kseifeh; Sgt. Sa'id Jahaja, 19, of Arara;  Sgt. Hussein Abu Leil, 23, of Ein Mahal; Corp. Adham Shehada, 19, of Turan; and Sgt. Tarek al-Ziadne, 20, of Rahat.

Dec 14, 2004 - Jitladda Tap-arsa, 19, a female agricultural worker from Udon Thani's Nong Han district in northereastern Thailand, was killed and two other foreign workers from Thailand and Nepal were wounded by mortar shells fired at Ganei Tal in the Gush Katif settlement bloc from the Gaza Strip.

Dec 21, 2004 - Ariella Fahima, 39, of Moshav Nehusha, south of Beit Shemesh, was stabbed to death at the door to her house, apparently by a terrorist who infiltrated the perimeter fence.

Dec 22, 2004 - Salem (Sami) al-Kimlat, 28, a Bedouin from the town of Rahat employed as a security guard at the construction site of the security fence west of Hebron, was shot and killed by Palestinian terrorists. The Fatah al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades claimed responsibility for the attack.

Jan 2, 2005 - Nissim Arbiv, 25, of Nissanit in the Gaza Strip was mortally wounded in a mortar shell attack while working in the Erez Industrial Zone. He died of his wounds on January 11. Two others were wounded in the attack, for which Hamas claimed responsibility.

Jan 2 - Vladimir Rubin, 66, of Kiryat Gat, a security guard at the Bet Guvrin National Park, was found shot in the head at the park entrance

Jan 7, 2005 - St.-Sgt. Yosef (Yossi) Atia, 21, of Petah Tikva, was killed and three fellow off-duty soldiers were wounded when Palestinian gunmen opened fire on their car on the Trans-Samaria Highway. The Fatah al-Aksa Martyrs Brigades claimed responsibility for the attack.
2nd Lt. Ariel Buda, 21, of Tel Aviv, seriously wounded in the attack, died of his wounds on October 15, 2005.

Jan 12, 2005 - Gideon Rivlin, 50, of Ganei Tal was killed and three IDF soldiers were wounded when a bomb was detonated as a military vehicle patroled the route near Morag in the southern Gaza Strip. Two terrorists were killed by IDF forces. The area was booby-trapped with explosive devices, in addition to the bomb that exploded. The Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility for the attack.

Jan 13, 2005 - On Thursday night, shortly before the closing of the Karni Crossing, terrorists activated an explosive device on the Palestinian side, blowing a hole in the door through which Palestinian terrorists infiltrated the Israeli side of the crossing and opened fire at Israeli civilians. As a result of the explosion and exchanges of fire, six Israeli civilians and three Palestinian terrorists were killed, and five Israeli civilians were wounded. Hamas and the Fatah al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades claimed joint responsiblity for the attack.
The victims: Dror Gizri, 30, of Sderot; Ibrahim Kahili, 46, of Umm al-Ghanem; Munam Abu Sabia, 33, of Daburiyeh; Ivan Shmilov, 53, of Sderot; Herzl Shlomo, 51, of Sderot; and Ofer Tiri, 23, of Ashkelon.

Jan 15, 2005 - Ayala-Haya (Ella) Abukasis, 17, of Sderot was mortally wounded when a Qassam rocket landed near her and shrapnel penetrated her cerebellum, leaving her brain dead. She was struck while protecting her younger brother, who was lightly wounded. Kept on life support throughout the week, her parents agreed to stop treatment when doctors told them there was no chance of recovery. She died on January 21.

Jan 18, 2005 - Oded Sharon, 36, from Gan Yavne, an ISA officer, was killed, an IDF officer seriously wounded, and four IDF soldiers and three members of the ISA were lightly wounded in a suicide bombing attack at the Gush Katif junction in the central Gaza Strip. While search procedures were being implemented at a post at the junction, the suicide bomber with explosives strapped to his body detonated himself. Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack.

Feb 25, 2005 - Five people were killed and 50  wounded Friday night, when a suicide bomber blew himself up outside the Stage club on the Tel Aviv promenade at around 11:20 P.M., on the corner of Herbert Samuel and Yonah Hanavi streets. The Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility for the attack.
The victims: Yitzhak Buzaglo, 40, of Mishmar Hayarden; Aryeh Nagar, 37, of Kfar Sava; Yael Orbach, 28, of Rehovot; Ronen Reuvenov, 30, of Tel Aviv. Odelia Hubara, 26, of Jerusalem, died of her wounds on February 28.

May 2, 2005 - St.-Sgt. Dan Talasnikov, 21, of Nir Galim was killed and another soldier  lightly wounded in an exchange of fire during an operation to arrest wanted terrorists from the Islamic Jihad in the village of Saida, north of Tulkarem. One of the terrorists, responsible for the February 25 suicide bombing in Tel Aviv, was killed. The second terrorist was apprehended.

June 7, 2005 - Three workers were killed and five wounded when a Qassam rocket hit a packing shed in Ganei Tal, in the Gaza Strip, penetrating the building's roof and exploding indoors. The Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility for the attack.
The Chinese worker killed has been identified as Bi Shude, 46, from Jilin province in northeastern China. The Palestinian workers killed were Salah Ayash Imran, 57, of Khan Yunis, married and the father of 8, and Muhammed Mahmoud Jaroun, of Khan Yunis.

June 19, 2005 - IDF NCO Sgt.-Maj. Avi Karouchi, 25, of Beersheba was killed and two soldiers were wounded in a coordinated Palestinian attack in which RPG missiles and gunfire were fired at an IDF engineering force conducting construction work on the Philadelphi route along the Israeli-Egyptian border. The Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility for the attack.

June 20, 2005 - Yevgeny Reider, 28 of Hermesh was killed and a 16-year old teenager was wounded in a terrorist shooting attack in the village of Baka A-Sharkiya in the northern West Bank. The Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility for the attack.

June 24, 2005 - Avihai Levy, 17, of Beit Hagai was killed in a drive-by terrorist shooting at a hitchhiking stop about 200 meters from the entrance to Beit Hagai, south of Hebron. Aviad Mansour, 16, of Otniel, fatally wounded in the attack, died on June 26. Three others were wounded. The Islamic Jihad and Fatah al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades claimed responsibility for the attack.

July 12, 2005 - Rachel Ben Abu, 16, of Tel Aviv; Nofar Horowitz, 16, of Tel Aviv; and Julia Voloshin, 31, of Netanya were killed and about 90 people were wounded when a suicide bomber detonated himself outside Hasharon Mall in Netanya. Anya Lifshitz, 50, of Netanya, who was mortally wounded, succumbed to her wounds on July 13. Cpl. Moshe Maor Jan, 21, of Netanya died of his wounds on July 14. The bomber was identified as Ahmed Abu Khalil, 18, from the West Bank village of Atil. The Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility for the attack.

July 14, 2005 - Dana Galkowicz, 22, of Kibbutz Bror Hayil, was killed by a Kassam rocket fired at Netiv Ha'asara north of the Gaza Strip. Hamas, Islamic Jihad, and Fatah all claimed responsibility for the attack. 

July 23, 2005 - Dov, 58, and Rachel Kol, 53, of Jerusalem were killed late Saturday night near the Kissufim crossing in the southern Gaza Strip while returning home from visiting family in Gush Katif. Three others were wounded. The Islamic Jihad and Fatah al Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades claimed responsibility for the attack.

Aug 24, 2005 - Shmuel Mett, 21, of Britain, a Mir Yeshiva student, was returning from the Western Wall to the yeshiva in Jerusalem's Beit Yisrael neighborhood when he was fatally stabbed near Jaffa Gate in the Old City. Two other students were wounded.

Sept 21, 2005 - Sasson Nuriel, 55, of Jerusalem was kidnapped and slain by Palestinian terrorists. His body was found on Sept 26 in a garbage dump in the industrial zone of Bitunya, west of Ramallah. Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack.

Oct 16, 2005 - Matat (Rosenfeld) Adler, 21, and her cousin, Kineret Mandel, 23, both of Carmel, and Oz Ben-Meir, 15, of Maon were killed and three were wounded when Palestinians opened fire at the Gush Etzion junction south of Jerusalem. Another teenager was shot and seriously wounded near Eli, in Samaria. The Fatah Al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades claimed responsibility for both attacks.

Oct 23, 2005 - Katy David, 27, of Kfar Yona, was found murdered in a grove of eucalyptus trees near Hadera. She was stabbed and beaten to death by two Arab terrorists, who later confessed that they murdered her "because she was a Jew."

Oct 26, 2005 - Six people were killed and 55 wounded, six seriously, in a suicide bombing at the Hadera open-air market. The Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility for the attack. The victims: Michael Kaufman, 68, of Hadera; Pirhiya Machlouf, 53, of Hadera; Sabiha Nissim, 66, of Moshav Ahituv; Jamil Qa'adan, 48, of Baka al-Gharbiya; and Ya'acov Rahmani, 68, of Hadera. A sixth victim, Genia Poleis, 66, of Hadera, died of her wounds 11 days later, on November 5.

Nov 2, 2005 - St.-Sgt. Yonatan Evron, 20, of Rishon Lezion, was mortally wounded in a gun battle with terrorists near Jenin. He died en route to hospital.

Nov 9, 2005 - Hussam Fathi Mahajna, 36, an Israeli Arab businessman from Umm al-Fahm, was among 57 people murdered and 300 wounded in simultaneous attacks by suicide bombers in Amman, Jordan at three luxury hotels. Mahajna was a guest at a wedding held at the Radisson Hotel, known to be popular with Israeli tourists. Al-Qaida claimed responsiblity for the attacks.

Dec 5, 2005 - Five people were killed and over 50 wounded in a suicide bombing at the entrance to the Sharon shopping mall in Netanya. The terrorist detonated the bomb when he was stopped by security guards, one of whom was killed. The Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility for the attack. The victims: Haim Amram, 26, of Netanya, a security guard at the mall; Alexandra Garmitzky, 65, of Netanya; Daniel Golani, 45, of Nahariya; Elia Rosen, 38, of Bat Hefer; and Keinan Tsuami, 20, of Petah Tikva.

Dec 8, 2005 - Sgt. Nir Kahane, 20, of Kiryat Tivon, was stabbed to death at the Kalandiya checkpoint, south of Ramallah. The assailant was apprehended.The Fatah al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades claimed responsibility for the attack.

Dec 16, 2005 - Yosef (Yossi) Shok, 35, of Beit Hagai was killed in a shooting attack while driving home in the southern Hebron hills. Two passengers were wounded. The Islamic Jihad and Fatah Al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades claimed joint responsibility for the attack.

Dec 29, 2005 - Lt. Ori Binamo, 21, of Nesher was killed when a terrorist en route to carry out an attack in Israel detonated himself at a roadblock set up near Tulkarm following an intelligence tip. A second intended suicide terrorist was also killed in the blast as well as the taxi driver and a third passenger. Three soldiers and seven Palestinians were wounded.

Feb 5, 2006 - Kinneret Ben Shalom Hajbi, 58, of Petah Tikva was stabbed to death by a Palestinian terrorist while traveling on a number 51 service taxi to Tel Aviv. Five other passengers were wounded.

Mar 1, 2006 - Eldar Abir, 48, of Migdalim was killed when two Palestinian shot him at point blank range at the gas station near Migdalim in the West Bank. The Fatah Al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades claimed responsibility for the attack.

Mar 30, 2006 - Rafi Halevy, 63, and his wife Helena, 58, of Kedumim, Re'ut Feldman, 20, of Herzliya, and Shaked Lasker, 16, of Kedumim were killed when a suicide bomber hitchhiker disguised as an ultra-Orthodox yeshiva student detonated his explosive device in a private vehicle near the entrance to Kedumim.

Apr 17, 2006 - Eleven people were killed and over 60 wounded in a suicide bombing during the Passover holiday at the Rosh Ha'ir shawarma restaurant, near the old central bus station in Tel Aviv. The Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility for the attack.
The victims: Philip Balhasan, 45, of Ashdod; Rozalia Beseneyi, 48, and Piroşca Boda 50, of Romania; Marcel Cohen, 73, of Nice, France; Ariel Darhi, 31, of Bat Yam; Victor Erez, 60, of Givatayim; Binyamin Haputa, 47, of Lod; David Shaulov, 29, of Holon; Lily Yunes, 42, of Oranit.
Lior Anidzar, 26, of Tel Aviv died of his wounds on May 13.
Daniel Wultz, 16, of Weston, Florida (USA) died on May 14.

June 11, 2006 - Marwan Abed Shweika, 35, of the Abu Tor neighborhood in Jerusalem was killed and two other Arab Israelis were wounded in a shooting attack while driving late at night West Bank highway north of Jerusalem.

June 25, 2006 - Lt. Hanan Barak, 20, of Arad and Staff-Sgt. Pavel Slutzker, 20, of Dimona were killed when terrorists from the Hamas and Popular Resistance Committees terror organizations infiltrated Israeli territory between the Kerem Shalom and Sufa crossings, by means of a tunnel dug from the Rafah area. Another soldier was abducted, and four others were wounded.

June 25, 2006 - Eliyahu Pinhas Asheri, 18, of Itamar was kidnapped by terrorists from the Popular Resistance Committees while hitchhiking from Betar Illit, southwest of Bethlehem, to Neveh Tzuf, where he was studying. His body was found on June 29 in Ramallah. It is believed that he was murdered shortly after his kidnapping.

July 17, 2006 - St.-Sgt. Osher Damari, 20, of Netanya  was killed and six IDF soldiers wounded by an explosive device in Nablus as troops from the Haruv Battalion were engaged in anti-terrorist activity. The Fatah al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades claimed responsibility for the attack.

July 27, 2006 - The burnt body of Dr. Daniel Yaakobi, 59, a doctor from Yakir in the West Bank, was found in the trunk of his car near Qalqilya. The Fatah al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades claimed responsibility for the attack.

Aug 10, 2006 - Angelo Frammartino, 24, of Monte Rotondo, Italy was stabbed to death by an Arab knifeman while walking with friends on Sultan Suleiman street in east Jerusalem. It is believed that the attack was a nationalistically motivated terror attack, and not an attempted robbery.

Aug 19, 2006 - St.-Sgt. Ro'i Farjoun, 21, of Yehud was killed when a terrorist opened fire at the Bekaot chekpoint in the Jordan Valley. The Fatah al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades claimed responsibility for the attack.

Sept 12, 2006 - An IDF reserve Bedouin tracker, 44, was killed by sniper fire in the course of an army operation  to uncover terror infrastructure in the Gaza Strip, near the Kissufim Crossing. The armed wing of Hamas and the Popular Resistance Committees claimed responsibility for the shooting.

Nov 1, 2006 - Staff Sergeant Kiril Golenshein, 21, of Moshav Keshet, was killed by a sniper's bullet as his unit entered the town of Beit Hanoun in the Gaza Strip in pursuit of terrorists firing Kassam rockets at Israel.

Nov 15, 2006 - Fatima Slutsker, 57, of Sderot, was killed by a Kassam rocket fired into the town by Palestinian terrorists in the Gaza Strip. A barrage of six rockets hit Sderot at about 7 a.m., also seriously wounding a security guard for Defense Minister Amir Peretz.

Nov 21, 2006 - Yaakov Yaakobov, 43, of Sderot, died following a day-long struggle by doctors to save his life, after he was mortally wounded by a Kassam rocket fired in the morning by Palestinian terrorists in the Gaza Strip.

Jan 29, 2007 - Three people were killed in a suicide bombing in a bakery in the southern city of Eilat: bakery employees and Eilat residents Emi Haim Elmaliah, 32, Michael Ben Sa'adon, 27, and Israel Zamalloa, 26. The Islamic Jihad and the Fatah al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades claimed responsibility for the attack.

Feb 25, 2007 - The body of Erez Levanon, 42, of Bat Ayin in the Gush Etzion settlement bloc, killed by multiple stab wounds, was found near Beit Omar, north of Halhul. Security officials believe that the murder was terror-related.

May 21, 2007 - Shirel Friedman, 32, of Sderot was killed when a Kassam rocket scored a direct hit  on a car near the town's shopping center.

May 27, 2007 - Oshri Oz, 36, of Hod Hasharon, was killed when a Kassam rocket landed near his car in Sderot. Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack.

July 12, 2007 - Staff Sgt. Arbel Reich, 21, of Yuvalim was killed when Hamas terrorists ambushed IDF troops engaged in anti-terror activity in the Bureij refugee camp in the central Gaza Strip. The terrorists detonated previously planted explosive devices and then opened fire with rocket-propelled grenades and machineguns.

Sept 18, 2007 - St. Sgt. Ben-Zion Haneman, 21, of Moshav Nov in the Golan Heights, was killed in an exchange of fire with terrorists during IDF activity against a terror attack being jointly planned by operatives of the Hamas and the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine (PFLP) terror organizations in the Ein Beit Ilmeh refugee camp in the West Bank city of Nablus.

Oct 17, 2007 - Sgt. Ben Kubani, 20, of Hadera, was killed in an exchange of fire with terrorists during IDF activity targeting the terror infrastructure near Khan Younis in the southern Gaza Strip.

Oct 29, 2007 - IDF reservist St.-Sgt. Maj. Ehud Efrati, 34, of Beit Yehoshua was killed in an exchange of fire with Palestinian terrorists in southern Gaza Strip, near the Sufa crossing.

Nov 19, 2007 - Ido Zoldan, 29, of Shavei Shomron was killed in a shooting attack near Kedumim in the northern West Bank, when terrorists opened fire from a passing car at around 11:30 pm. The Fatah Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades claimed responsibility for the terror attack as "an act of protest against the Annapolis conference."

Dec 28, 2007 - Cpl. Ahikam Amihai (20) and Sgt. David Rubin (21), both of Kiryat Arba, were killed by Palestinian terrorists while hiking in the Hebron area. The two Palestinian terrorists turned themselves in to Palestinian General Intelligence in Hebron the same day in order to avoid being apprehended by Israeli security forces.

Jan 15, 2008 - Carlos Andrés Mosquera Chávez, a 21-year-old volunteer from Quito, Ecuador, was killed by a Palestinian sniper from the Gaza Strip as he was working in the fields of Kibbutz Ein Hashlosha. The Hamas Izz al-Din al-Qassam Brigades claimed responsibility for the shooting.

Jan 24, 2008 - Border Guard Lance Corporal Rami Zuari, 20, of Beersheva was shot and killed at a checkpoint at the northern entrance to Shuafat, north of Jerusalem. The Battalions of Struggle and Return, a previously anonymous offshoot of Fatah's Aksa Martyrs' Brigades claimed responsibility for the attack.

Feb 4, 2008 - Lyubov Razdolskaya, 73, of Dimona was killed and 38 wounded - Razdolskaya's husband critically - in a terror attack carried out by a suicide bomber at a shopping center in Dimona. A police officer shot and killed a second terrorist before he detonated his explosive belt. Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack and praised it as an "heroic act".

Feb 27, 2008 - Roni Yihye, 47, of Moshav Bitcha in southern Israel, a student at Sapir College, was killed Wednesday afternoon when a Kassam rocket exploded in a parking lot near the Sderot campus. He died shortly after sustaining massive wounds to his chest. Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack.

Mar 1, 2008 - St. Sgt. Doron Asulin, 20, of Beersheba and St. Sgt. Eran Dan-Gur, 20, of Jerusalem were killed in an exchange of fire with Hamas terrorists during an IDF anti-terror operation in northern Gaza targeting rocket launchings. The gunmen reportedly fired mortar shells, antitank and RPG missiles at the soldiers.

Mar 6, 2008 - An IDF soldier - a Bedouin tracker, 27 - was killed during a routine patrol along the security fence in the central Gaza Strip, near Kissufim, when Palestinian terrorists detonated an explosive device near the jeep in which he was driving. Hamas and the Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility for the attack.
St.-Sgt. Liran Banai, 20, of Ashkelon, the critically wounded jeep driver, succumbed to his injuries on Sunday, March 9.

Mar 6, 2008 - Eight students of the Mercaz Harav Yeshiva in Jerusalem were killed when a terrorist armed with a Kalashnikov assault rifle infiltrated the yeshiva and opened fire in the library where about 80 people were gathered, mostly teenagers. Eleven others were wounded, three critically. The terrorist, a resident of East Jerusalem, was killed by an IDF officer.
The victims: Segev Peniel Avihail, 15, of Neve Daniel; Neria Cohen, 15, of Jerusalem; Yonatan Yitzhak Eldar, 16, of Shilo; Yehonadav Haim Hirschfeld, 18, of Kokhav Hashahar; Yohai Lifshitz, 17, of Jerusalem; Doron Meherete, 26, of Ashdod; Avraham David Moses, 16, of Efrat; and Ro'i Roth, 18, of Elkana.

Apr 9, 2008 - St.-Sgt. Sayef Bisan, 21, of the Druze village of Jat in the western Galilee was killed in an exchange of fire with Palestinian terrorists in an overnight IDF operation against terror infrastructure in the southern Gaza Strip. Two soldiers were wounded.

Apr 9, 2008 - Oleg Lipson, 37, and Lev Cherniak, 53, both of Beersheba, were killed when Palestinian terrorists, after firing a salvo of mortars at the Nahal Oz area, penetrated the fuel terminal and opened fire on the civilian employees.

Apr 16, 2008 - Three IDF soldiers - Sgt. Menhash al-Banyat, 20, of the Bedouin community of Kseife in the Negev; Sgt. Matan Ovdati, 19, of Moshav Patish in the western Negev; and Sgt. David Papian, 21, of Tel Aviv - were killed in a confrontation with armed Palestinian gunmen approaching the Gaza security fence south of the Nahal Oz fuel terminal. Three other soldiers were wounded.

Apr 25, 2008 - Two Israeli security guards, Shimon Mizrahi, 53 of Bat Hefer and Eli Wasserman, 51, of Alfei Menashe were in a shooting attack in the Nitzanei Shalom industrial park in central Israel. A terrorist managed to infiltrate into the area, opened fire at the guards at close range and fled. The Al-Quds Brigades of the Islamic JIhad organization and Izzadin al-Qassam of Hamas claimed joint responsibility for the attack.

May 9, 2008 - Jimmy Kadoshim, 48, of Kibbutz Kfar Aza, was killed by mortar fire from the Gaza Strip while tending his garden.

May 12, 2008 - Shuli Katz, 70, of Kibbutz Gevaram, was killed while visiting relatives at Moshav Yesha, some 15 kms (9 miles) from the Gaza Strip.

June 5, 2008 - Amnon Rosenberg, 51, of Kibbutz Nirim was killed and four other employees were wounded when a mortar bomb fired by Palestinian terrorists from the Gaza Strip exploded outside the Nirlat paint factory in Kibbutz Nir-Oz. Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack.

July 2, 2008 - Elizabeth (Lili) Goren-Friedman, 54; Batsheva Unterman, 33; and Jean Relevy, 68 - all of Jerusalem - were killed and over 50 wounded in a terror attack in Jerusalem. Driving a bulldozer on Jaffa Road between the Central Bus Station and the Mahane Yehuda market, the terrorist plowed into cars and pedestrians as well as two public buses (Egged buslines 13 and 60) carrying some 50 passengers. Police shot and killed the terrorist.

July 11, 2008 - Border patrolman Lance Corporal David Chriqui, 19, of Rishon Lezion, critically wounded in a terrorist attack in the Old City of Jerusalem. He succumbed to his wounds on July 23.

Oct 23, 2008 - Avraham Ozeri, 86, was stabbed to death near his home in Gilo, Jerusalem, by an Arab terrorist from the Arab village of Tekoa near Bethlehem.

Dec 27, 2008 - Beber Vaknin, 58, of Netivot was killed when a rocket fired from Gaza hit an apartment building in Netivot.

Dec 29, 2008 - Hani al-Mahdi, 27, of Aroar, a Beduin settlement in the Negev was killed when a Grad-type missile fired from Gaza exploded at a construction site in Ashkelon; 16 other workers were wounded. Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack.

Dec 29, 2008 - Irit Sheetrit, 39, of Ashdod was killed and several wounded when a Grad rocket exploded in the center of Ashdod. Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack.

Dec 29, 2008 - Warrant Officer Lutfi Nasraladin, 38, of the Druze town of Daliat el-Carmel was killed by a mortar attack on a military base .

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19 janvier 2009 1 19 /01 /janvier /2009 10:27

Mar 26, 2002 - Major Cengiz Soytunc of Turkey and Catherine Berruex of Switzerland, members of the TIPH observer force in Hebron, were killed in an ambush shooting by a Palestinian gunman near Halhul.

Mar 27, 2002 - 30 people were killed and 140 injured - 20 seriously - in a suicide bombing in the Park Hotel in the coastal city of Netanya, in the midst of the Passover holiday seder with 250 guests. Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack.
The victims: Shula Abramovitch, 63, of Holon; David Anichovitch, 70, of Netanya; Sgt.-Maj. Avraham Beckerman, 25, of Ashdod; Shimon Ben-Aroya, 42, of Netanya; Andre Fried, 47, of Netanya; Idit Fried, 47, of Netanya; Miriam Gutenzgan, 82, Ramat Gan; Ami Hamami, 44, of Netanya; Perla Hermele, 79, of Sweden; Dvora Karim, 73, of Netanya; Michael Karim, 78, of Netanya; Yehudit Korman, 70, of Ramat Hasharon; Marianne Myriam Lehmann Zaoui, 77, of Netanya; Lola Levkovitch, 85, of Jerusalem; Furuk Na'imi, 62, of Netanya; Eliahu Nakash, 85, of Tel-Aviv; Irit Rashel, 45, of Moshav Herev La'et; Yulia Talmi, 87, of Tel-Aviv; St.-Sgt. Sivan Vider, 20, of Bekaot; Ernest Weiss, 79, of Petah Tikva; Eva Weiss, 75, of Petah Tikva; Meir (George) Yakobovitch, 76, of Holon.
Chanah Rogan, 92, of Netanya; Zee'v Vider, 50, of Moshav Bekaot; Alter Britvich, 88, and his wife Frieda, 86, of Netanya died of their injuries on April 2-3, 2002.
Sarah Levy-Hoffman, 89, of Tel-Aviv died of her injuries on April 7, 2002.
Anna Yakobovitch, 78, of Holon died of her injuries on April 11, 2002.
Eliezer Korman, 74, of Ramat Hasharon died of his wounds on May 5, 2002.
Clara Rosenberger, 77, of Jerusalem died of her wounds on June 25, 2003.

Mar 28, 2002 - Rachel and David Gavish, 50, their son Avraham Gavish, 20, and Rachel's father Yitzhak Kanner, 83, were killed when a terrorist infiltrated the community of Elon Moreh in Samaria, entered their home and opened fire on its inhabitants. Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack.

Mar 29, 2002 - Tuvia Wisner, 79, of Petah Tikva and Michael Orlansky, 70, of Tel-Aviv were killed Friday morning, when a Palestinian terrorist infiltrated the Neztarim settlement in the Gaza Strip.

Mar 29, 2002 - Lt. Boaz Pomerantz, 22, of Kiryat Shmona and St.-Sgt. Roman Shliapstein, 22, of Ma'ale Efraim were killed in the course of the IDF anti-terrorist action in Ramallah (Operation Defensive Shield).

Mar 29, 2002 - Rachel Levy, 17, and Haim Smadar, 55, the security guard, both of Jerusalem, were killed and 28 people were injured, two seriously, when a female suicide bomber blew herself up in the Kiryat Yovel supermarket in Jerusalem. The Fatah Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades claimed responsibility for the attack.

Mar 30, 2002 - Border Policeman Sgt.-Maj. Constantine Danilov, 23, of Or Akiva was shot and killed in Baka al-Garbiyeh, during an exchange of fire with two Palestinians trying to cross into Israel to carry out a suicide attack. The Fatah Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades claimed responsibility.

Mar 31, 2002 - 15 people were killed and over 40 injured in a suicide bombing in Haifa, in the Matza restaurant of the gas station near the Grand Canyon shopping mall. Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack.
The victims: Suheil Adawi, 32, of Turan; Dov Chernobroda, 67, of Haifa; Shimon Koren, 55; his sons Ran, 18, and Gal, 15, of Haifa; Moshe Levin, 52, of Haifa; Danielle Menchel, 22, of Haifa; Orly Ofir, 16, of Haifa; Aviel Ron, 54; his son Ofer, 18, and daughter Anat, 21, of Haifa; Ya'akov Shani, 53, of Haifa; Adi Shiran, 17, of Haifa; Daniel Carlos Wegman, 50, of Haifa.
Carlos Yerushalmi, 52, of Karkur, died on April 1 of wounds sustained in the attack.

Apr 1, 2002 - Sgt.-Maj. Ofir Roth, 22, of Gan Yoshiya, an IDF reserve soldier, was killed at a roadblock near Jerusalem's Har Homa neighborhood by a Palestinian sniper firing from Beit Sahur, near Bethlehem.

Apr 1, 2002 - Tomer Mordechai, 19, of Tel-Aviv, a policeman, was killed in Jerusalem, when a Palestinian suicide bomber driving toward the city center blew himself after being stopped at a roadblock. The Fatah al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades claimed responsibility for the attack.

Apr 3, 2002 - IDF reservist Maj. Moshe Gerstner, 29, of Rishon Lezion was killed in Jenin during anti-terrorist action (Operation Defensive Shield).

Apr 4, 2002 - Rachel Charhi, 36, of Bat-Yam, critically injured in a suicide bombing in a cafe on the corner of Allenby and Bialik streets in Tel-Aviv on March 30, died of her wounds. Some 30 others were injured in the attack. The Fatah Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades claimed responsibility.

Apr 4, 2002 - Border Police Supt. Patrick Pereg, 30, of Rosh Ha'ayin, head of operations in an undercover unit, was killed Thursday while attempting to arrest a wanted member of Fatah's al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigade.

Apr 4, 2002 - Sgt.-Maj.(res.) Einan Sharabi, 32, of Rehovot; Lt. Nissim Ben-David, 22, of Ashdod; and St.-Sgt. Gad Ezra, 23, of Bat-Yam were killed during the IDF anti-terrorist action in Jenin (Operation Defensive Shield).

Apr 5, 2002 - Sgt. Marom Moshe Fisher, 19, of Moshav Avigdor; Sgt. Ro'i Tal, 21, of Ma'alot; and Sgt. Oded Kornfein, 20, of Kibbutz Ha'on - were killed in exchanges of fire between IDF troops and Palestinian gunmen in Jenin (Operation Defensive Shield).

Apr 6, 2002 - St.-Sgt. Nisan Avraham, 26, of Lod was killed and five other soldiers were lightly injured when two Palestinian gunmen opened fire and threw grenades at the entrance to Rafiah Yam in the Gaza Strip. The Palestinians, members of the Islamic Jihad, were killed.

Apr 8, 2002 - St.-Sgt. Matanya Robinson, 21, of Kibbutz Tirat Zvi, and Sgt. Shmuel Weiss, 19, of Kiryat Arba were killed in an ambush by Palestinian gunfire in the Jenin refugee camp (Operation Defensive Shield).

Apr 9, 2002 - 13 IDF soldiers were killed and 7 injured in the Jenin refugee camp by Palestinian terrorists. An IDF patrol by reserve soldiers was ambushed during operations in the refugee camp. Explosive devices were detonated against them, as well as gunfire directed against the soldiers from the rooftops of the surrounding buildings.
The soldiers killed: Maj.(res.) Oded Golomb, 22, of Kibbutz Nir David; Capt.(res.) Ya'akov Azoulai, 30, of Migdal Ha'emek; Lt.(res.) Dror Bar, 28, of Kibbutz Einat; Lt.(res.) Eyal Yoel, 28, of Kibbutz Ramat Rachel; 1st Sgt.(res.) Tiran Arazi, 33, of Hadera; 1st Sgt.(res.) Yoram Levy, 33, of Elad; 1st Sgt.(res.) Avner Yaskov, 34, of Be'er Sheva; Sgt. 1st Class (res.) Ronen Alshochat, 27, of Ramle; gt. 1st Class (res.) Eyal Eliyahu Azouri, 27, of Ramat Gan; Sgt. 1st Class (res.) Amit Busidan, 22, of Bat Yam; Sgt. 1st Class (res.) Menashe Hava, 23, of Kfar Sava; Sgt. 1st Class (res.) Shmuel Dani Mayzlish, 27, of Moshav Hemed; Sgt. 1st Class (res.) Eyal Zimmerman, 22, of Ra'anana.

Apr 9, 2002 - Maj. Assaf Assoulin, 30, of Tel Aviv was killed in an exchange of fire in Nablus.

Apr 9, 2002 - St.-Sgt. Gedaliah Mellick, 21, of Jerusalem was killed and 12 soldiers were wounded in Jenin when an explosive charge was thrown at a patrol.

Apr 10, 2002 - Avinoam Alfia, 26, of Kiryat Ata; Sgt.-Maj.(res.) Shlomi Ben Haim, 27, of Kiryat Yam; Sgt.-Maj.(res.) Nir Danieli, 24, of Kiryat Ata; Border Police Lance Cpl. Keren Franco, 18, of Kiryat Yam; Sgt.-Maj.(res.) Ze'ev Hanik, 24, of Karmiel; Border Police Lance Cpl. Noa Shlomo, 18, of Nahariya; Prison Warrant Officer Shimshon Stelkol, 33, of Kiryat Yam; and Sgt. Michael Weissman, 21, of Kiryat Yam were killed and 22 people injured in a suicide bombing on Egged bus #960, en route from Haifa to Jerusalem, which exploded near Kibbutz Yagur, east of Haifa. Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack.

Apr 12, 2002 - Lt. Dotan Nahtomi, 22, of Kibbutz Tzuba, died of wounds sustained earlier in the week during IDF operations in Dura (Operation Defensive Shield).

Apr 12, 2002 - Border policeman St.-Sgt. David Smirnoff, 22, of Ashdod was killed when a Palestinian gunman opened fire near the Erez crossing, in the Gaza Strip, killing one and injuring another four Israelis. The terrorist killed one and injured three Palestinian workers in the same shooting spree. The Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility for the attack.

Apr 12, 2002 - Nissan Cohen, 57; Rivka Fink, 75; Suheila Hushi, 48; and Yelena Konrab, 43, all of Jerusalem; and Ling Chang Mai, 34, and Chai Siang Yang, 32, both foreign workers from China, were killed and 104 people were wounded when a woman suicide bomber detonated a powerful charge at a bus stop on Jaffa road at the entrance to Jerusalem's Mahane Yehuda open-air market. The Al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades claimed responsibility for the attack.

Apr 20, 2002 - Border Policeman St.-Sgt. Uriel Bar-Maimon, 21 of Ashkelon was killed in an exchange of fire near the Erez industrial park in the northern Gaza Strip. Israeli forces pursued the Palestinian gunman and killed him. An explosive belt was found on his body. The Fatah Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades claimed responsibility.

Apr 22, 2002 - Sgt. Maj. Nir Krichman, 22 of Hadera, was killed in an exchange of gunfire, when IDF forces entered the village of Asira a-Shamaliya, north of Nablus, to arrest known Hamas terrorists.

Apr 27, 2002 - Danielle Shefi, 5; Arik Becker, 22; Katrina (Katya) Greenberg, 45; and Ya'acov Katz, 51, all of Adora, were killed when terrorists dressed in IDF uniforms and combat gear cut through the settlement's defensive perimeter fence and entered Adora, west of Hebron. Seven other people were injured, one seriously. The terrorists entered several homes, firing on people in their bedrooms. Both Hamas and the PFLP claimed responsibility for the attack.

May 3, 2002 - IDF officer Major Avihu Ya'akov, 24, of Kfar Hasidim, was killed and two other soldiers injured in Nablus in a raid against a terror cell that was planning a suicide attack in Israel.

May 7, 2002 - 15 people were killed and 55 wounded in a crowded game club in Rishon Lezion, southeast of Tel-Aviv, when a suicide bomber detonated a powerful charge in the 3rd floor club, causing part of the building to collapse. Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack.
The victims: Esther Bablar, 54, of Bat Yam; Yitzhak Bablar, 57, of Bat Yam; Avi Bayaz, 26, of Nes Ziona; Regina Malka Boslan, 62, of Jaffa; Edna Cohen, 61, of Holon; Rafael Haim, 64, of Tel-Aviv; Pnina Hikri, 60, of Tel-Aviv; Nawa Hinawi, 51, of Tel-Aviv; Rahamim Kimchy, 58, of Rishon Lezion; Nir Lovatin, 31, of Rishon Lezion; Shoshana Magmari, 51, of Tel-Aviv; Dalia Masa, 56, of Nahalat Yehuda; Rassan Sharouk, 60, of Holon; Israel Shikar, 49, of Rishon Lezion; Anat Teremforush, 36, of Ashdod.

May 12, 2002 - Nisan Dolinger, 43, of Pe'at Sadeh in the southern Gaza Strip was shot and killed by a Palestinian laborer. The assailant was apprehended.

May 19, 2002 - Yosef Haviv, 70, Victor Tatrinov, 63, and Arkady Vieselman, 40, all of Netanya, were killed and 59 people were injured - 10 seriously - when a suicide bomber, disguised as a soldier, blew himself up in the market in Netanya. Both Hamas and the PFLP took responsibility for the attack.

May 22, 2002 - Elmar Dezhabrielov, 16, and Gary Tauzniaski, 65, both of Rishon Lezion, were killed and about 40 people were wounded when a suicide bomber detonated himself in the Rothschild Street downtown pedestrian mall of Rishon Lezion.

May 24, 2002 - Reserve IDF Sgt. 1st Class Oren Tzelnik, 23, of Bat Yam was killed and two soldiers wounded when terrorists opened fire on their APC during a counter-terrorist operation in Tulkarm.

May 27, 2002 - Ruth Peled, 56, of Herzliya and her infant granddaughter Sinai Keinan, aged 14 months, of Petah Tikva were killed and 37 people were injured, some seriously, when a suicide bomber detonated himself near an ice cream parlor outside a shopping mall in Petah Tikva. The Fatah Al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades claimed responsibility for the attack.

May 28, 2002 - Albert Maloul, 50, of Jerusalem, was killed when shots were fired at the car in which he was traveling south on the Ramallah bypass road. Maloul and his cousin, who was lightly injured, were returning home to Jerusalem from Eli, where they operate the swimming pool. The Fatah Al Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades claimed responsibility for the attack.

May 28, 2002 - Netanel Riachi, 17, of Kochav Ya'akov; Gilad Stiglitz, 14, of Yakir; and Avraham Siton, 17, of Shilo - three yeshiva high school students - were killed and two others wounded in Itamar, southeast of Nablus, when a Palestinian gunman infiltrated the community and opened fire on the teenagers playing basketball, before he was shot dead by a security guard. The Fatah Al Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades claimed responsibility for the attack.

June 5, 2002 - 17 people were killed and 38 injured when a car packed with a large quantity of explosives struck Egged bus No. 830 traveling from Tel-Aviv to Tiberias at the Megiddo junction near Afula. The bus, which burst into flames, was completely destroyed. The terrorist, who drove the car bomb, was killed in the blast. The Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility for the attack.
The victims: Cpl. Liron Avitan, 19, of Hadera; Cpl. Avraham Barzilai, 19, of Netanya; Cpl. Dennis Blumin, 20, of Hadera; St.-Sgt. Eliran Buskila, 21, of Hadera; St.-Sgt. Zvi Gelberd, 20 of Hadera; Sgt. Violetta Hizgayev, 20, of Hadera; St.-Sgt. Ganadi Issakov, 21, of Hadera; Sgt. Sariel Katz, 21, of Netanya; Cpl. Vladimir Morari, 19, of Hadera; Sgt. Yigal Nedipur, 21, of Netanya; Sgt. Dotan Reisel, 22, of Hadera; St.-Sgt. David Stanislavksy, 23, of Netanya; Sgt. Sivan Wiener, 19, of Holon; Zion Agmon, 50, of Hadera; Adi Dahan, 17, of Afula; Shimon Timsit, 35, of Tel-Aviv.
* The 17th victim, Eliyahu Timsit, 32, of Sderot, was identified in December 2002.

June 6, 2002 - Erez Rund, 18, of Ofra died of gunshot wounds to the chest sustained in a shooting attack near Ofra, north of Ramallah, when Palestinian terrorists opened fire from an ambush.

June 8, 2002 - St.-Sgt. Eyal Sorek, 23, his wife Yael, 24 - 9 months pregnant - of Carmei Tzur, and St.-Sgt.-Maj.(res.) Shalom Mordechai, 35, of Nahariya were killed and five others injured when terrorists infiltrated the community of Carmei Tzur in the Gush Etzion bloc and opened fire at 2:30 A.M. on Friday night. The Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack.

June 11, 2002 - Hadar Hershkowitz, 14, of Herzliya was killed and 15 others were wounded when a Palestinian suicide bomber set off a relatively small pipe bomb at a shwarma restaurant in Herzliya.

June 15, 2002 - St.-Sgt. Haim Yehezkel (Hezki) Gutman, 22, of Beit El, and St.-Sgt. Alexei Gladkov, 20, of Be'er Sheva were killed and four soldiers were wounded in a confrontation with terrorists near Alei Sinai and Dugit in the northern Gaza Strip. Hamas claimed responsibility.
Lt. Anatoly Krasik, 22, of Petah Tikva died of his wounds on June 22.

June 18, 2002 - 19 people were killed and 74 were injured - six seriously - in a suicide bombing at the Patt junction in Egged bus no. 32A traveling from Gilo to the center of Jerusalem. The bus, which was completely destroyed, was carrying many students on their way to school. Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack.
The victims: Boaz Aluf, 54, of Jerusalem; Shani Avi-Zedek, 15, of Jerusalem; Leah Baruch, 59, of Jerusalem; Mendel Bereson, 72, of Jerusalem; Rafael Berger, 28, of Jerusalem; Michal Biazi, 24, of Jerusalem; Tatiana Braslavsky, 41, of Jerusalem; Galila Bugala, 11, of Jerusalem; Raisa Dikstein, 67, of Jerusalem; Dr. Moshe Gottlieb, 70, of Jerusalem; Baruch Gruani, 60, of Jerusalem; Orit Hayla, 21, of Jerusalem; Helena Ivan, 63, of Jerusalem; Iman Kabha, 26, of Barta; Shiri Negari, 21, of Jerusalem; Gila Nakav, 55, of Jerusalem; Yelena Plagov, 42, of Jerusalem; Liat Yagen, 24 of Jerusalem; Rahamim Zidkiyahu, 51, of Jerusalem.

June 19, 2002 - Noa Alon, 60, of Ofra; Gal Eisenman, 5, of Ma'ale Adumim; Michal Franklin, 22, of Jerusalem; Tatiana Igelski, 43, of Moldova; Hadassah Jungreis, 20, of Migdal Haemek; Gila Sara Kessler, 19, of Eli; and Shmuel Yerushalmi, 17, of Shilo were killed and 50 people were injured - three of them in critical condition - when a suicide bomber blew himself up at a crowded bus stop and hitchhiking post at the French Hill intersection in northern Jerusalem shortly after 7:00 P.M., as people were returning home from work. The Fatah Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades claimed responsibility for the attack.

June 19, 2002 - Maj. Shlomi Cohen, 26, of Rehovot and St.-Sgt. Yosef Talbi, 20, of Yehud were killed and four soldiers were wounded Wednesday night in Kalkilya when Palestinian gunmen opened fire while the soldiers were in pursuit of two terrorists inside a building.

June 20, 2002 - Rachel Shabo, 40, and three of her sons - Neria, 16, Zvika, 12, and Avishai, 5 - as well as a neighbor, Yosef Twito, 31, who came to their aid, were murdered when a terrorist entered their home in Itamar, south of Nablus, and opened fire. Two other children were injured, as well as two soldiers. The terrorist was killed by IDF forces. The PFLP and the Fatah Al Aqsa Brigades claimed responsibility for the attack.

July 4, 2002 - El Al ticket agent Victoria Hen, 25, and Yaakov Aminov, 46, of Los Angeles, were shot and killed at the El Al ticket counter at Los Angeles International Airport by Hesham Mohamed Hadayet, a 41-year-old Egyptian national. Four others were wounded before he was shot dead by an El Al security guard. U.S. authorities subsequently ruled it a terrorist attack related to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

July 10, 2002 - IDF officer Capt. Hagai Lev, 24, of Jerusalem, deputy commander of a Givati reconaissance unit, was killed by Palestinian sniper fire while conducting a search for weapons smuggling tunnels in Rafah, in the southern Gaza Strip. The Fatah Al Aksa Martyrs Brigades claimed responsibility for the shooting.

July 16, 2002 - Nine people were killed and 20 injured in a terrorist attack on Dan bus No. 189 traveling from Bnei Brak to Emmanuel in Samaria. An explosive charge was detonated next to the bullet-resistant bus. The terrorists waited in ambush, reportedly wearing IDF uniforms, and opened fire on the bus. While four terror organizations claimed responsibility for the attack, it was apparently carried out by the same Hamas cell which carried out the attack in Emmanuel on Dec 12, 2001.
The victims: Galila Ades, 42, of Emmanuel; Yonatan Gamliel, 16, of Emmanuel; Keren Kashani, 29, of Emmanuel; Sarah Tiferet Shilon, 8 months, of Emmanuel; Gal Shilon (her father), 32, of Emmanuel; Zilpa Kashi (her grandmother), 65, of Givatayim; Ilana Siton, 35, of Emmanuel. The premature infant delivered after its mother, Yehudit Weinberg, was seriously injured, died of his injuries overnight.
Yocheved Ben-Hanan, 21, of Emmanuel, who was critically wounded, died on July 18.

July 17, 2002 - Lt. Elad Grenadier, 21, of Haifa was killed and three soldiers were wounded early Wednesday morning in an exchange of fire with the terrorists responsible for the attack in Emmanuel on July 16.

July 17, 2002 - Adrian Andres, 30, of Romania; Boris Shamis, 25, of Tel-Aviv; and Xu Hengyong, 39, of China were killed and 40 were injured in a double suicide bombing on Neve Shaanan Street near the old central bus station in Tel Aviv. Two of those critically wounded subsequently died of their injuries: Li Bin, 33, of China (July 24) and Dmitri Pundikov, 33, of Bat-Yam (July 25). The Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility for the attack.

July 25, 2002 - Rabbi Elimelech Shapira, 43, of Peduel, was killed and another civilian injured in a shooting attack near the West Bank community of Alei Zahav, west of Ariel. The Fatah Al-Aqsa Brigades claimed responsibility for the attack.

July 26, 2002 - St.-Sgt. Elazar Lebovitch, 21, of Hebron; Rabbi Yosef Dikstein, 45, of Psagot, his wife Hannah, 42, and their 9-year-old son Shuv'el Zion were killed in a shooting attack south of Hebron. Two other of their children were injured. The Fatah Al-Aqsa Brigades claimed responsibility for the attack.

July 30, 2002 - Shlomo Odesser, 60, and his brother Mordechai, 52, both of Tapuach in Samaria, were shot and killed when their truck came under fire in the West Bank village of Jama'in, near Ariel. The Fatah Al-Aqsa Brigades claimed responsibility for the attack.

July 31, 2002 - Nine people - four Israelis and five foreign nationals - were killed and 85 injured, 14 of them seriously, when a bomb exploded in the Frank Sinatra student center cafeteria on the Hebrew University's Mt. Scopus campus. The explosive device was planted inside the cafeteria, which was gutted by the explosion. Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack.
The victims: David Diego Ladowski, 29, of Jerusalem; Levina Shapira, 53, of Jerusalem; Marla Bennett, 24, of California (US); Benjamin Blutstein, 25, of Pennsylvania (US); Dina Carter, 37, of Jerusalem (US); Janis Ruth Coulter, 36, of Massachusetts (US); David Gritz, 24, of Jerusalem (US-France). Daphna Spruch, 61, of Jerusalem died of her wounds on August 10. Revital Barashi, 30, died of her wounds on August 13.

Aug 1, 2002 - The body Shani Ladani, 27, of Moshav Olash, shot and bound, was found west of Tulkarem, near the Green Line, in the industrial zone where he was employed.

Aug 4, 2002 - Nine people were killed and some 50 wounded in a suicide bombing of Egged bus No. 361 traveling from Haifa to Safed at the Meron junction in northern Israel. Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack.
The victims: Mordechai Yehuda Friedman, 24, of Ramat Beit Shemesh; Sari Goldstein, 21, of Karmiel; Maysoun Amin Hassan, 19, of Sajur; Marlene Menahem, 22, of Moshav Safsufa; Sgt.-Maj. Roni Ghanem, 28, of Maghar; Sgt. Yifat Gavrieli, 19, of Mitzpe Adi; Sgt. Omri Goldin, 20, of Mitzpe Aviv; Adelina Kononen, 37, of the Philippines; Rebecca Roga, 40, of the Philippines.

Aug 4, 2002 - Yekutiel Amitai, 34, of Jerusalem, a security guard, and Nizal Awassat, 52, of the Jabel Mukaber neighborhood in East Jerusalem, were killed and 17 were wounded when a Palestinian terrorist opened fire with a pistol near the Damascus Gate of Jerusalem's Old City. Border policemen exchanged fire with the gunman, killing him. The Fatah al-Aqsa Brigades claimed responsibility for the attack.

Aug 5, 2002 - Avi Wolanski (29) and his wife Avital (27), of Eli, were killed and one of their children, aged 3, was injured when terrorists opened fire on their car as they were traveling on the Ramallah-Nablus road near Eli in Samaria. The Martyrs of the Palestinian Popular Army, a splinter group associated with Arafat's Fatah movement, claimed responsibility for the attack.

Aug 10, 2002 - Yafit Herenstein, 31, of Moshav Mechora in the Jordan Valley, was killed and her husband, Arno, seriously wounded when a Palestinian terrorist infiltrated the moshav and opened fire outside their home. The terrorist was killed by soldiers. The Fatah al-Aqsa Brigades claimed responsibility for the attack.

Aug 20, 2002 - St.-Sgt. Kevin Cohen, 19, of Petah Tikva, was killed by a Palestinian sniper near Khan Yunis in the Gaza Strip.

Sept 5, 2002 - Lt. Malik Grifat, 24, of Zarzir was killed and a soldier wounded when a Palestinian terrorist opened fire, from a crowded school, towards an IDF patrol near Nisanit in the northern Gaza Strip. The terrorist was killed. The Fatah al-Aqsa Brigades claimed responsibility for the attack.

Sept 5, 2002 - Sgt. Aviad Dotan, 21, of Moshav Nir Galim was killed and three soldiers were wounded when a large bomb weighing over 100 kgs exploded under a Merkava tank near the Kissufim Crossing in central Gaza Strip. An umbrella group representing several Palestinian factions claimed responsibility.

Sept 18, 2002 - The charred body of David Buhbut, 67, of Ma'ale Adumim, shot in the head, was found near el-Azzariya, a Palestinian village near Ma'ale Adumim, east of Jerusalem, the victim of a terrorist killing.

Sept 18, 2002 - Yosef Ajami, 36, of Jerusalem was killed Wednesday afternoon when terrorists opened fire on his car near Mevo Dotan, north of Jenin in the West Bank. The other occupant of the car, a foreign worker, was lightly injured. The Fatah al-Aqsa Brigades claimed responsibility for the attack.

Sept 18, 2002 - Police Sgt. Moshe Hezkiyah, 21, of Elyachin was killed and three people were wounded in a suicide bombing at a bus stop at the Umm al Fahm junction. The terrorist, who was apparently planning to detonate the bomb after boarding a bus, set the charge off early when approached by the police for questioning. The Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility for the attack.

Sept 19, 2002 - Solomon Hoenig, 79, of Tel Aviv; Yossi Mamistavlov, 39 of Or Yehuda; Yaffa Shemtov, 49, of Tel Aviv; Rosanna Siso, 63, of Gan Yavneh; Ofer Zinger, 29, of Moshav Pazael; and Jonathan (Yoni) Jesner, 19, of Glasgow, Scotland were killed and about 70 people were wounded when a terrorist detonated a bomb in Dan bus No. 4 on Allenby Street, opposite the Great Synagogue in Tel-Aviv. Hamas claimed responsbility for the attack.

Sept 23, 2002 - Shlomo Yitzhak Shapira, 48, of Jerusalem was killed and three of his children wounded, one seriously, in a shooting attack Monday evening near the Cave of the Patriarchs in Hebron. The family, from Jerusalem, had come to Hebron to celebrate the Sukkot festival.

Sept 26, 2002 - Capt. Harel Marmelstein, 23, of Mevasseret Zion, an IDF officer from the naval commando, was killed while leading a search for wanted terrorists in the West Bank village of Labed near Tulkarem. Senior Hamas terrorist Nisa'at Jaber ambushed the troops, opening fire and killing the commander. Jaber was killed by the soldiers.

Sept 30, 2002 - St.-Sgt. Ari Weiss, 21, of Ra'anana, was killed and another soldier from the engineering battalion of the Nahal Brigade was wounded when Palestinian gunmen opened fire on an army position in the Nablus casbah. The Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility for the attack.

Oct 8, 2002 - Oded Wolk, 51, of Modi'in, who was critically wounded in an ambush shooting south of Hebron, died of his wounds the following day (Oct 9). Three other Israelis were injured in the attack when Palestinian gunmen opened fire on their car. Hamas claimed resopnsibility for the attack.

Oct 10, 2002 - Sa'ada Aharon, 71, of Ramat Gan was killed and about 30 people were wounded when a suicide bomber blew himself up while trying to board Dan bus No. 87 across from Bar-Ilan University on the Geha highway (Route 4). Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack.

Oct 21, 2002 - 14 people were killed and some 50 wounded when a car bomb containing about 100 kilograms of explosives was detonated next to a No. 841 Egged bus from Kiryat Shmona to Tel-Aviv, while traveling along Wadi Ara on Route No. 65 toward Hadera. The bus had pulled over at a bus stop when the suicide bomber, from Jenin, driving a jeep, approached from behind and exploded. The Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility for the attack.
The victims: Osnat Abramov, 16, of Holon; Indelou Ashati, 54, of Hadera; St.-Sgt. Liat Ben-Ami, 20, of Haifa; Ofra Burger, 56, of Hod Hasharon; Cpl. Ilona Hanukayev, 20, of Hadera; Suad Jaber, 23, of Taibe; Iris Lavi, 68, of Netanya; Sgt.-Maj.(res.) Eliezer Moskovitch, 40, of Petah Tikva; St.-Sgt. Nir Nahum, 20, of Carmiel; Sgt. Esther Pesachov, 19, of Givat Olga; St.-Sgt. Aiman Sharuf, 20, of Ussfiyeh; Sergei Shavchuk, 35, of Afula; Anat Shimshon, 33, of Ra'anana; Cpl. Sharon Tubol, 19, of Arad.

Oct 27, 2002 - Maj. (res.) Tamir Masad, 41, of Ben Shemen; Lt. Matan Zagron, 22, of Itamar; and Sgt.-Maj. Amihud Hasid, 32, of Tapuah were killed and about 20 people were wounded in a suicide bombing at the Sonol gas station at the entrance to Ariel in Samaria. The two officers and soldier were killed while trying to prevent the terrorist from detonating the bomb. The terrorist was identified as a member of Hamas.

Oct 29, 2002 - Three Hermesh residents - Orna Eshel, 53, Linoy Saroussi and Hadas Turgeman, both 14 - were killed and two were wounded when a terrorist armed with a Kalashnikov assault rifle and wearing an explosive belt opened fire, after infiltrating the settlement in northern Samaria. The terrorist was shot dead. The Fatah al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades claimed responsibility for the attack.

Nov 4, 2002 - Security guard Julio Pedro Magram, 51, of Kfar Sava, and Gastón Perpiñal, 15, of Ra'anana, both recent immigrants from Argentina, were killed and about 70 people were wounded in a suicide bombing at a shopping mall in Kfar Sava. The Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility for the attack.

Nov 6, 2002 - Assaf Tzfira, 18, of B'dolah and Amos Sa'ada, 52, of Rafiah Yam were killed when when a Palestinian terrorist opened fire in a hothouse and textile factory at Pe'at Sadeh in the southern Gaza Strip. The terrorist was killed by a security officer. Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack.

Nov 9, 2002 - Sgt.-Maj. Madin Grifat, 23, of Beit Zarzir was killed when a mine exploded during a routine patrol northeast of Netzarim in the Gaza Strip. The Givati Brigade company commander was wounded. The Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility for the attack.

Nov 10, 2002 - Revital Ohayon, 34, and her two sons, Matan, 5, and Noam, 4, as well as Yitzhak Dori, 44 - all of Kibbutz Metzer - and Tirza Damari, 42, of Elyachin, were killed when a terrorist infiltrated the kibbutz, located east of Hadera near the Green Line, and opened fire. The Fatah Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades claimed responsibility for the attack.

Nov 15, 2002 - Twelve people - 9 soldiers and three civilians from the Kiryat Arba emergency response team - were killed and 15 others wounded Friday night in Hebron when Palestinian terrorists opened fire and threw grenades at a group of Jewish worshipers and their guards as they were walking home from Sabbath prayers at the Cave of the Patriarchs. The dead included civilian worshipers and soldiers, some of whom were caught in an ambush as they pursued the attackers. Three terrorists were killed in the attack, which was claimed by the Islamic Jihad.
The victims:
Col. Dror Weinberg, 38, of Jerusalem; Border Police officer Ch.-Supt. Samih Sweidan, 31, of Arab al-Aramsha; Sgt. Tomer Nov, 19, of Ashdod; Sgt. Gad Rahamim, 19, of Kiryat Malachi; St.-Sgt. Netanel Machluf, 19, of Hadera; St.-Sgt. Yeshayahu Davidov, 20, of Netanya; Sgt. Igor Drobitsky, 20, of Nahariya; Cpl. David Marcus, 20, of Ma'aleh Adumim; and Lt. Dan Cohen, 22, of Jerusalem.
The three civilian members of the Kiryat Arba emergency response team killed were Yitzhak Buanish, 46; Alexander Zwitman, 26; and Alexander Dohan, 33.

Nov 18, 2002 - Esther Galia, 48, of Kochav Hashahar, was killed in a shooting attack near Rimonim, on the Allon Road, some 15 kilometers northeast of Ramallah.

Nov 21, 2002 - Eleven people were killed and some 50 wounded by a suicide bomber on a No. 20 Egged bus on Mexico Street in the Kiryat Menahem neighborhood of Jerusalem. The bus was filled with passengers, including schoolchildren, traveling toward the center of the city during rush hour. Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack.
The victims: Hodaya Asraf, 13, of Jerusalem; Marina Bazarski, 46, of Jerusalem; Hadassah (Yelena) Ben-David, 32, of Jerusalem; Sima Novak, 56, of Jerusalem; Kira Perlman, 67, and her grandson Ilan Perlman, 8, of Jerusalem; Yafit Ravivo, 14 of Jerusalem; Ella Sharshevsky, 44, and her son Michael Sharshevsky, 16, of Jerusalem; Mircea Varga, 25, a tourist from Romania; Dikla Zino, 22, of Jerusalem.

Nov 22, 2002 - IDF tracker Sgt.-Maj. Shigdaf (Shai) Garmai, 30, of Lod, was killed when an Israel Defense Forces Givati Brigade patrol near Tel Qateifa, in the Gaza Strip, came under Palestinian gunfire. Hamas claimed responsibility.

Nov 28, 2002 - Noy and Dvir Anter, aged 12 and 14, of Ariel, and Albert (Avraham) de Havila, 60, of Ra'anana were killed along with 10 Kenyans when a car bomb exploded in the lobby of the Israeli-owned beachfront Paradise Hotel, frequented almost exclusively by Israeli tourists, near Mombasa in Kenya; 21 Israelis were among the 80 wounded. Osama bin Laden's Al-Qaeda claimed responsibility for the attack, as well as for the simultaneous attempt to down an Arkia plane.

Nov 28, 2002 - Haim Amar, 56; Ehud (Yehuda) Avitan, 54; Mordechai Avraham, 44; Ya'acov Lary, 35; and David Peretz, 48 - all of Beit She'an; and Shaul Zilberstein, 36, of Upper Nazareth, were killed and about 40 wounded when two terrorists opened fire and threw grenades at the Likud polling station in Beit She'an, near the central bus station, where party members were casting their votes in the Likud primary. The Fatah al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades claimed responsibility for the attack.

Dec 12, 2002 - Cpl. Keren Ya'akobi, 19, of Hadera and Sgt. Maor Kalfon, 19, of Kiryat Yam were killed while on guard near the Tomb of the Patriarchs in Hebron.

Dec 20, 2002 - Rabbi Yitzhak Arama, 40, of Netzer Hazani in Gush Katif, in the Gaza Strip, was shot and killed on the Kissufim corridor road while driving with his wife and six children to attend a pre-wedding Sabbath celebration in Afula. The Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility for the attack.

Dec 27, 2002 - Four yeshiva students - St.-Sgt. Noam Apter, 23, of Shilo; Pvt. Yehuda Bamberger, 20, of Karnei Shomron; Gavriel Hoter, 17, of Alonei Habashan; and Zvi Zieman, 18, of Reut - were killed in Otniel, south of Hebron, while working in the yeshiva kitchen, serving the Shabbat meal to some 100 students in the adjacent dining room. The two terrorists from the Islamic Jihad, which claimed responsibility for the attack, were killed by IDF forces. Ten other, including six soldiers, were wounded in the attack.

Jan 2, 2003 - The charred body of Massoud Makhluf Alon, 72, from Menahemiya in the Lower Galilee, was found in the northern Jordan Valley in his burned out car. The Fatah Al-Aqsa Brigades claimed responsibility for the murder.

Jan 5, 2003 - Twenty-three people - 15 Israelis and 8 foreign nationals - were killed and about 120 wounded in a double suicide bombing near the old Central Bus Station in Tel-Aviv. The attack was apparently carried out by two members of the Fatah Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades, with the help of the Islamic Jihad.
The Israeli victims: Moshe (Maurice) Aharfi, 60, of Tel-Aviv; Mordechai Evioni, 52, of Holon; Andrei Friedman, 30, of Tel-Aviv; Meir Haim, 74, of Azor; Hannah Haimov, 53, of Tel Aviv; Avi Kotzer, 43, of Bat Yam; Ramin Nasibov, 25, of Tel-Aviv; Staff Sgt. Mazal Orkobi, 20, of Azor; Ilanit Peled, 32, of Azor; Viktor Shebayev, 62, of Holon; Boris Tepalshvili, 51, of Yehud; Sapira Shoshana Yulzari-Yaffe, 46, of Bat Yam; Lilya Zibstein, 33, of Haifa; Amiram Zmora, 55, of Holon; Igor Zobokov, 32, of Bat Yam.
Foreign workers: Krassimir Mitkov Angelov, 32, of Bulgaria; Steven Arthur Cromwell, 43, of Ghana; Ivan Gaptoniak, 46, of Ukraine; Ion (Nelu) Nicolae, 34, of Romania; Guo Aiping, 47, of China; Li Peizhong, 41, of China; Mihai Sabau, 38, of Romania. Zhang Minmin, 53, of China died of her wounds on January 13.

Jan 12, 2003 - Eli Biton, 48, of Moshav Gadish was killed and four people wounded when terrorists infiltrated the community and opened fire. Two terrorists were killed by Israeli forces. The Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility for the attack.

Jan 12, 2003 - Sgt.(res.) Mikhail Kazakov, 34, of Jerusalem was killed by terrorists who infiltrated across the Israel-Egypt border, near the Negev town of Nitzana.

Jan 17, 2003 - Netanel Ozeri, 34, was killed when terrorists entered his home, in an outpost north of Kiryat Arba, and opened fire. His 5-year-old daughter and two friends were wounded. Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack.

Jan 23, 2003 - Cpl. Ronald Berer, 20, of Rehovot; Cpl. Assaf Bitan, 19, of Afula; and St.-Sgt. Ya'akov Naim, 20, of Kfar Monash were killed by terrorists while on patrol south of Hebron. Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack.

Feb 6, 2003 - 2nd Lt. Amir Ben-Aryeh, 21, of Maccabim, and St.-Sgt. Idan Suzin, 20, of Kiryat Tivon were killed and two more soldiers were wounded in a shooting attack in the area of Nablus. Both gunmen were killed by return fire from IDF troops. The Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine and Fatah-Tanzim claimed responsibility for the attack.

Feb 11, 2003 - Maj. Shahar Shmul, 24, of Jerusalem was killed by a Palestinian sniper near the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem while checking a suspicious vehicle. The PFLP and the Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility for the attack.

Feb 15, 2003 - Cpl. Noam Bahagon, 20, of Elkana; Sgt. Tal Alexei Belitzky, 21, of Rishon Lezion; St.-Sgt. Doron Cohen, 21, of Rishon Lezion; and Sgt. Itay Mizrahi, 20, of Be'er Sheva were killed when their tank drove over an explosive device weighing 100 kgs while on patrol in the Gaza Strip. Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack.

Feb 23, 2003 - Sgt. Doron Lev, 19, of Holon was shot and killed when a Palestinian sniper opened fire at an army position in the southern Gaza Strip. The PFLP claimed responsibility for the attack.

Mar 5, 2003 - Seventeen people were killed and 53 wounded in a suicide bombing of an Egged bus #37 on Moriah Blvd. in the Carmel section of Haifa, en route to Haifa University. Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack.
The victims: Maryam Atar, 27, of Haifa; Smadar Firstater, 16, of Haifa; Kamar Abu Hamed, 12, of Daliat al-Carmel; Daniel Haroush, 16, of Safed; Mordechai Hershko, 41, of Haifa; Tom Hershko, 15, of Haifa; Meital Katav, 20, of Haifa; Elizabeth Katzman, 17, of Haifa; Tal Kehrmann, 17, of Haifa; St.-Sgt. Eliyahu Laham, 22, of Haifa; Abigail Litle, 14, of Haifa; Yuval Mendellevich, 13, of Haifa; St.-Sgt. Be'eri Oved, 21, of Rosh Pina; Mark Takash, 54, of Haifa; Asaf Zur (Zollinger), 17, of Haifa.
Anatoly Biryakov, 20, of Haifa, died of his injuries on March 8. Moran Shushan, 20, of Haifa, died of her injuries on March 11.

Mar 7, 2003 - Rabbi Eli Horowitz, 52, and his wife Dina, 50, of Kiryat Arba, were killed and five wounded Friday night by armed terrorists disguised as Jewish worshippers who infiltrated Kiryat Arba, entered their home and murdered them while they were celebrating the Sabbath. Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack.

Mar 10, 2003 - St.-Sgt. Tomer Ron, 20, of Moshav Moledet, was killed and four soldiers were wounded - one seriously - in Hebron, on the road between the Cave of the Patriarchs and Kiryat Arba, when Palestinian terrorists opened fire on a foot patrol. Two organizations - Hamas and Ahmed Jibril's Popular Front-General Command - claimed responsibility for the attack.

Mar 12, 2003 - St.-Sgt. Assaf Moshe Fuchs, 21, of Kibbutz Gvat was killed and another soldier wounded Wednesday morning in an exchange of fire with wanted terrorists from the Islamic Jihad in the West Bank village of Saida, near Tulkarm.

Mar 18, 2003 - Sgt.-Maj. (res.) Ami Cohen, 27, of Netanya was killed and another soldier wounded south of Bethlehem when Palestinians opened fire during a search for wanted terrorists.

Mar 19, 2003 - Zion Boshirian, 51, of Mevo Dotan was shot and killed while driving in his car between Mevo Dotan and Shaked in northern Samaria. The Fatah al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades claimed responsibility for the attack.

Apr 10, 2003 - St.-Sgt. Yigal Lifshitz, 20, of Rishon Lezion, and St.-Sgt. Ofer Sharabi, 21, of Givat Shmuel were killed and nine others wounded when Palestinian terrorists opened fire before dawn on their base near Bekaot in the northern Jordan Valley. The PFLP and the al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades claimed responsibility for the attack.

Apr 13, 2003 - Gabriel (Gabi) Pedatzur, 49, of Kochav Yair was killed by terrorists in the Ben Shemen forest. 

Apr 15, 2003 - Lt. Daniel Mandel, 24, of Alon Shvut was killed and another soldier was wounded in an exchange of gunfire during a search for wanted Hamas terrorists in Nablus.

Apr 15, 2003 - Zachar Rahamin Hanukayev, 39, of Sderot and Ahmed Salah Kara, 20, of Shuafat in northern Jerusalem were killed and four Israelis were wounded when a Palestinian terrorist opened fire at the Karni industrial zone crossing in the Gaza Strip. The gunman was killed by security personnel. Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack.

Apr 20, 2003 - IDF photographer Cpl. Lior Ziv, 19, of Holon, was killed and three other soldiers were wounded during an operation to destroy a Hamas smuggling tunnel in Rafah, in the Gaza Strip.

Apr 24, 2003 - Alexander Kostyuk, a 23-year-old security guard from Bat Yam, was killed and 13 were wounded, two seriously, in a suicide bombing outside the train station in Kfar Sava. Groups related to the Fatah al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades and the PFLP clamied joint responsibility for the attack.

Apr 30, 2003 - Ran Baron, 23, of Tel Aviv, Dominique Caroline Hass, 29, of Tel Aviv, and Yanai Weiss, 46, of Holon, were murdered and about 60 people were wounded when a suicide bomber blew himself up at a beachfront pub, "Mike's Place," in Tel Aviv. The Fatah Tanzim and Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack, carried out as a joint operation. Investigation revealed that the two British Muslims involved in the suicide bombing were dispatched to perpetrate the attack by the Hamas military command in the Gaza Strip.

May 4, 2003 - The body of Tali Weinberg, 26, of Beit Aryeh, was discovered in a garage in Rosh Ha'ayin with numerous stab wounds. The suspect, Weinberg's boyfriend, arrested on June 11, a 21-year-old Arab resident of Kafr Qasem, is believed to have carried out the murder as part of a "loyalty test" administered by Palestinian terrorist organizations.

May 5, 2003 - Gideon Lichterman, 27, of Ahiya, was killed and two other passengers, his six-year-old daughter Moriah and a reserve soldier, were seriously wounded when terrorists fired shots at their vehicle near Shvut Rachel, in Samaria. The Fatah al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades claimed responsibility for the attack.

May 11, 2003 - Zion David, 53, of Givat Ze'ev near Jerusalem, was shot in the head and killed by Palestinian terrorists in a roadside ambush half a kilometer from Ofra, north of Jerusalem. Both Fatah and the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine claimed responsibility for the attack.

May 17, 2003 - Gadi Levy and his wife Dina, aged 31 and 37, of Kiryat Arba were killed by a suicide bomber in Hebron. Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack.

May 18, 2003 - Seven people were killed and 20 wounded in a suicide bombing on Egged bus no. 6 near French Hill in Jerusalem. Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack. The victims: Olga Brenner, 52; Yitzhak Moyal, 64; Nelly Perov, 55; Marina Tsahivershvili, 44; Shimon Ustinsky, 68; and Roni Yisraeli, 34 - all of the Pisgat Ze'ev neighborhood in Jerusalem; and Ghalab Tawil, 42, of Shuafat.
A second suicide bomber detonated his bomb when intercepted by police in northern Jerusalem. The terrorist was killed; no one else was injured.

May 19, 2003 - Kiryl Shremko, 22, of Afula; Hassan Ismail Tawatha, 41, of Jisr a-Zarqa; and Avi Zerihan, 36, of Beit Shean were killed and about 70 people were wounded in a suicide bombing at the entrance to the Amakim Mall in Afula. The Islamic Jihad and the Fatah al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades both claimed responsibility for the attack.

June 5, 2003 - The bodies of David Shambik, 26, and Moran Menachem, 17, both of Jerusalem, were found near Hadassah Ein Karem Hospital in Jerusalem, brutally beaten and stabbed to death.

June 8, 2003 - Sgt. Maj. (Res.) Assaf Abergil, 23, of Eilat; Sgt. Maj. (Res.) Udi Eilat, 38, of Eilat; Sgt. Maj. Boaz Emete, 24, of Beit She'an; and Sgt. Maj. (Res.) Chen Engel, 32, of Ramat Gan were killed and four reserve soldiers were wounded when Palestinian terrorists wearing IDF uniforms opened fire on an IDF outpost near the Erez checkpoint and industrial zone in the Gaza Strip. Three terrorists were killed by IDF soldiers. The Fatah Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades, Hamas and the Islamic Jihad issued a joint statement claiming responsibility for the attack.

June 8, 2003 - St.-Sgt. Matan Gadri, 21, of Moshav Moledet was killed in Hebron while pursuing two Palestinian gunmen who earlier had wounded a Border Policeman on guard at the Tomb of the Patriarchs. The two terrorists were killed.

June 11, 2003 - Seventeen people were killed and over 100 wounded in a suicide bombing on Egged bus #14A outside the Klal building on Jaffa Road in the center of Jerusalem. Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack.
The victims: Sgt. Tamar Ben-Eliahu, 20, of Moshav Paran; Alan Beer, 46, of Jerusalem; Eugenia Berman, 50, of Jerusalem; Elsa Cohen, 70, of Jerusalem; Zvi Cohen, 39, of Jerusalem; Roi Eliraz, 22, of Mevaseret Zion; Alexander Kazaris, 77, of Jerusalem; Yaffa Mualem, 65, of Jerusalem; Yaniv Obayed, 22, of Herzliya; Bat-El Ohana, 21, of Kiryat Ata; Anna Orgal, 55, of Jerusalem; Zippora Pesahovitch, 54, of Zur Hadassah; Bianca Rivka Shichrur, 62, of Jerusalem; Malka Sultan, 67, of Jerusalem; Bertin Tita, 75, of Jerusalem. Miriam Levy, 74, of Jerusalem died of her wounds on June 12.
Haile Abraha Hawki, 56, a foreign worker from Eritrea, was positively identified on June 24.

June 12, 2003 - Avner Maimon, 51, of Netanya, was found shot to death in his car near Yabed in northern Samaria. The Fatah al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades claimed responsibility for the attack.

June 13, 2003 - St.-Sgt. Mordechai Sayada, 22, of Tirat Carmel, was shot to death in Jenin by a Palestinian sniper as his jeep patrol passed by. The Fatah al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades claimed responsibility for the attack.

June 17, 2003 - Noam Leibowitz, 7, of Yemin Orde was killed and three members of her family wounded in a shooting attack near the Kibbutz Eyal junction on the Trans-Israel Highway. The terrorist fired from the outskirts of the West Bank city of Kalkilya. The Fatah al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades and the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine - General Command claimed responsibility for the attack.

June 19, 2003 - Avner Mordechai, 58, of Moshav Sde Trumot, was killed when a suicide bomber blew up in his grocery on Sde Trumot, south of Beit Shean. The suicide bomber was killed. The Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility for the attack.

June 20, 2003 - Zvi Goldstein, 47, of Eli, was killed when his car was fired upon in an ambush by Palestinian terrorists near Ofra, north of Ramallah. His parents, Eugene and Lorraine Goldstein, from New York, were seriously wounded and his wife lightly injured. Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack.

June 26, 2003 - Amos (Amit) Mantin, 31, of Hadera, a Bezeq employee, was killed in a shooting attack in the Israeli Arab town of Baka al-Garbiyeh. The shots were fired by a Palestinian teenager, who was apprehended by police. The Fatah al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades claimed responsibility for the attack.

June 27, 2003 - Sgt. Maj. Erez Ashkenazi, 21, of Kibbutz Reshafim, an Israeli navy commando, was killed in an operation in Gaza to capture a Hamas cell, believed responsible for several bombings and the firing of anti-tank missiles in the Netzarim area.

June 30, 2003 - Krastyu Radkov, 46, a construction worker from Bulgaria, was killed in a shooting attack on the Yabed bypass road in northern Samaria, west of Jenin, while driving a truck. The Fatah Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades claimed responsibility for the attack, in opposition to the declared ceasefire.

July 7, 2003 - Mazal Afari, 65, of Moshav Kfar Yavetz was killed in her home on Monday evening and three of her grandchildren lightly wounded in a terrorist suicide bombing. The remains of the bomber were also found in the wreckage of the house. The Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility for the attack.

July 15, 2003 - Amir Simhon, 24, of Bat Yam was killed when a Palestinian armed with a long-bladed knife stabbed passersby on Tel Aviv's beachfront promenade, after a security guard prevented him from entering the Tarabin cafe and was wounded. The terrorist, who was shot and apprehended, is a member of the Fatah Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades, which claimed responsibility for the attack.

July 21, 2003 - The body of IDF soldier Cpl. Oleg Shaichat, 20, of Upper Nazareth, abducted and murdered on July 21 while on his way home, was found on July 28, buried in an olive grove near Kafr Kana, an Arab village in the Lower Galilee.

Aug 8, 2003 - Third Petty Officer Roi Oren, 20, an Israel Navy commando, was shot in the head and killed in an assault on a Hamas bomb factory in Nablus.

Aug 10, 2003 - Haviv Dadon, 16, of Shlomi, was struck in the chest and killed by shrapnel from an anti-aircraft shell fired by Hizbullah terrorists in Lebanon. Four others were wounded.

Aug 12, 2003 - Yehezkel (Hezi) Yekutieli, 43, of Rosh Ha'ayin, was killed by a teenaged Palestinian suicide bomber who detonated himself at the local supermarket.

Aug 12, 2003 - Erez Hershkovitz, 18, of Eilon Moreh, was killed and three people wounded when a teenaged Palestinian suicide bomber detonated himself at a bus stop outside Ariel less than half an hour after the Rosh Ha'ayin attack. Amatzia Nisanevitch, 22, of Nofim, died of his wounds on August 28.

Aug 19, 2003 - Twenty-three people were killed and over 130 wounded when a Palestinian suicide bomber detonated himself on a No. 2 Egged bus in Jerusalem's Shmuel Hanavi neighborhood. Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack.
The victims: Avraham Bar-Or, 12, of Jerusalem; Binyamin Bergman, 15, of Jerusalem; Yaakov Binder, 50, of Jerusalem; Feiga Dushinski, 50, of Jerusalem; Miriam Eisenstein, 20, of Bnei Brak; Lilach Kardi, 22, of Jerusalem; Menachem Leibel, 24, of Jerusalem; Elisheva Meshulami, 16, of Bnei Brak; Tehilla Nathanson, 3, of Zichron Ya'acov; Chava Nechama Rechnitzer, 19, of Bnei Brak; Mordechai Reinitz, 49, and Issachar Reinitz, 9, of Netanya; Maria Antonia Reslas, 39, of the Philippines; Liba Schwartz, 54, of Jerusalem; Hanoch Segal, 65, of Bnei Brak; Goldie Taubenfeld, 43, and Shmuel Taubenfeld, 3 months, of New Square, New York; Rabbi Eliezer Weisfish, 42, of Jerusalem; Shmuel Wilner, 50, of Jerusalem; Shmuel Zargari, 11 months, of Jerusalem.
Fruma Rahel Weitz, 73, of Jerusalem died of her wounds on August 23.
Mordechai Laufer, 27, of Netanya died of his wounds on September 5.
Tova Lev, 37, of Bnei-Brak died of her wounds on September 12.

                                    Que leurs mémoires soient bénies


Repost 0
19 janvier 2009 1 19 /01 /janvier /2009 10:17

1,176 people have been killed by Palestinian violence and terrorism since September 2000.

 

Note: This list also includes 18 Israelis killed abroad in terror attacks directed specifically against Israeli targets, and 3 American diplomatic personnel killed in Gaza.

8,341 Israelis wounded in terror attacks
2001-2007

Suicide terror attacks 2000-2007




List of victims by date:

Sept 27, 2000 - Sgt. David Biri, 19, of Jerusalem, was fatally wounded in a bombing near Netzarim in the Gaza Strip.

Sept 29, 2000 - Border Police Supt. Yosef Tabeja, 27, of Ramle was shot to death by his Palestinian counterpart on a joint patrol near Kalkilya.

Oct 1, 2000 - Border Police Cpl. Madhat Yusuf, 19, of Beit Jann, died of gunshot wounds sustained in a gun battle with Palestinians at Joseph's Tomb in Nablus.

Oct 2, 2000 - Wichlav Zalsevsky, 24, of Ashdod, was shot in the head in the village of Masha on the trans-Samaria highway.
Sgt. Max Hazan, 20, of Dimona, died of gunshot injuries sustained near Beit Sahur.

Oct 8, 2000 - The bullet-riddled body of Hillel Lieberman, 36, of Elon Moreh was found at the southern entrance to Nablus.

Oct 12, 2000 - First Cpl. Yosef Avrahami and First Sgt. Vadim Norzhich, 33, two reserve IDF soldiers, were lynched by a Palestinian mob at the police building in Ramallah.

Oct 19, 2000 - Rabbi Binyamin Herling, 64, of Kedumim, was killed when Fatah members and Palestinian security forces opened fire on a group of Israeli men, women, and children on a trip at Mount Ebal near Nablus.

Oct 28, 2000 - The body of Marik Gavrilov, 25, of Bnei Aysh was found inside his burned-out car, between the village of Bitunia and Ramallah.

Oct 30, 2000 - Eish-Kodesh Gilmor, 25, of Mevo Modi'in, was shot and killed while on duty as a security guard at the National Insurance Institute's East Jerusalem branch. Another guard was injured.
Amos Machlouf, 30, of the Gilo neighborhood in Jerusalem, was found murdered in a ravine near Beit Jala.

Nov 1, 2000 - Lt. David-Hen Cohen, 21, of Karmiel and Sgt. Shlomo Adshina, 20, of Kibbutz Ze'elim were killed in a shooting incident in the Al-Hader area, near Bethlehem.

Nov 1, 2000 - Maj. (res.) Amir Zohar, 34, of Jerusalem was killed in the Nahal Elisha settlement in the Jordan Valley while on active reserve duty.

Nov 2, 2000 - Ayelet Shahar Levy, 28, and Hanan Levy, 33, were killed in a car bomb explosion near the Mahane Yehuda market in Jerusalem. 10 people were injured in the blast. The Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility for the attack.

Nov 8, 2000 - Noa Dahan, 25, of Moshav Mivtahim in the south, was shot to death while driving to her job at the Rafah border crossing in Gaza.

Nov 10, 2000 - Sgt. Shahar Vekret, 20, of Lod was fatally shot by a Palestinian sniper near Rachel's Tomb at the entrance to Bethlehem.

Nov 11, 2000 - Sgt. 1st Class Avner Shalom, 28, of Eilat, was killed in a shooting attack at the Gush Katif junction in the Gaza Strip.

Nov 13, 2000 - Sarah Leisha, 42, of Neveh Tzuf was killed by gunfire from a passing car while travelling near Ofra, north of Ramallah.
Cpl. Elad Wallenstein, 18, of Ashkelon, and Cpl. Amit Zanna, 19, of Netanya were killed by gunfire from a car passing the military bus carrying them near Ofra.

Nov 13, 2000 - Gabi Zaghouri, 36, of Netivot was killed by gunfire directed at the truck he was driving near the Kissufim junction in the southern part of the Gaza Strip.

Nov 18, 2000 - St.-Sgt. Baruch (Snir) Flum, 21, of Tel-Aviv was shot and killed by a senior Palestinian Preventive Security Service officer who infiltrated the Kfar Darom greenhouses in the Gaza Strip.
St.-Sgt. Sharon Shitoubi, 21, of Ramle, wounded in the Palestinan shooting attack in Kfar Darom, died of his wounds on Nov 20.

Nov 20, 2000 - Miriam Amitai, 35, and Gavriel Biton, 34, both of Kfar Darom, were killed when a roadside bomb exploded alongside a bus carrying children from Kfar Darom to school in Gush Katif. Nine others, including 5 children, were injured.

Nov 21, 2000 - Itamar Yefet, 18, of Netzer Hazani died from a gunshot wound to the head by Palestinian sniper fire at the Gush Katif junction.

Nov 22, 2000 - Shoshana Reis, 21, of Hadera, and Meir Bahrame, 35, of Givat Olga, were killed, and 60 wounded when a powerful car bomb was denotated alongside a passing bus on Hadera's main street, when the area was packed with shoppers and people driving home from work. 60 were wounded in the blast.

Nov 23, 2000 - Lt. Edward Matchnik, 21, of Beersheba, was killed in an explosion at the District Coordination Office near Gush Katif in the Gaza Strip. (The joint DCOs were established at the borders of Palestinian-ruled areas under the interim peace accords and were responsible for coordinating security and humanitarian cooperation.)

Nov 23, 2000 - Sgt. Samar Hussein, 19, of Hurfeish, was killed when Palestinian snipers opened fire at soldiers patrolling the border fence near the Erez crossing.

Nov 24, 2000 - Maj. Sharon Arameh, 25, of Ashkelon was killed by Palestinian sniper fire in fighting near Neve Dekalim in the Gaza Strip.

Nov 24, 2000 - Ariel Jeraffi, 40, of Petah Tikva, a civilian employed by the IDF, was killed by Palestinian fire as he travelled near Otzarin in the West Bank.

Dec 8, 2000 - Rina Didovsky, 39, a Beit Hagai school teacher on her way to work, and Eliyahu Ben-Ami, 41, of Otniel, the driver of the van, were killed when a car full of gunmen opened fire on the van near Kiryat Arba.

Dec 8, 2000 - Sgt. Tal Gordon, 19, was killed when gunmen in a passing car opened fire on an Egged bus traveling south from Tiberias to Jerusalem on the Jericho bypass road.

Dec 21, 2000 - Eliahu Cohen, 29, of Modi'in was shot and killed tonight by Palestinian terrorists waiting in ambush on the road between Givat Ze'ev and Beit Horon.

Dec 28, 2000 - Capt. Gad Marasha, 30, of Kiryat Arba and Border Police Sgt.-Maj. Yonatan Vermullen, 29, of Ben-Shemen, were killed when called to dismantle a road-side bomb near the Sufa crossing in the Gaza Strip. The bomb was dismantled, but another bomb exploded, killing both and injuring two other soldiers. The Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility for the attack.

Dec 31, 2000 - Binyamin Zeev Kahane, the son of the late right-wing leader Meir Kahane, and his wife, Talia, were killed when Palestinian snipers opened fire while they were driving on the Ramallah bypass road. Five of their children, aged two months to 10 years, were injured.

Jan 5, 2001 - The body of Mordechai Cohen, 34, of Hadera was found in the Caesarea industrial area.

Jan 14, 2001 - The bullet-ridden body of Ron Tzalah, 32, of Kfar Yam in Gush Katif, apparently killed on Sunday night (Jan 14), was found the following morning near the Kfar Yam hothouses.

Jan 17, 2001 - Ofir Rahum, 16, of Ashkelon, traveled to Jerusalem to meet a young woman with whom he had conducted a relationship over the Internet. She then drove him toward Ramallah. At a prearranged location, another vehicle drove up and three Palestinian gunmen inside shot Rahum more than 15 times. One terrorist drove off with Rahum's body and dumped it, while the others fled in the second vehicle.

Jan 23, 2001 - Motti Dayan, 27, and Etgar Zeituny, 34, cousins from Tel Aviv, were abducted from a restaurant in Tulkarem by masked Palestinian gunmen and executed.

Jan 25, 2001 - Akiva Pashkos, 45, of Jerusalem, was shot dead in a terror attack near the Atarot industrial zone north of Jerusalem.

Jan 29, 2001 - Arye Hershkowitz, 55, of Ofra, was killed by shots fired from a passing car near the Rama junction north of Jerusalem.

Feb 1, 2001 - Dr. Shmuel Gillis, 42, of Carmei Tzur, was killed by Palestinian gunmen who fired at his car near the Aroub refugee camp on the Jerusalem-Hebron highway.

Feb 1, 2001 - Lior Attiah, 23, of Afula was shot to death by terrorists while traveling near Jenin.

Feb 4, 2001 - Ishmael Abadyev, 35, of Tirat Hacarmel, was stabbed to death by two terrorists from Jenin as he alighted from the bus on his way home from work.

Feb 5, 2001 - St.-Sgt. Rujayah Salameh, 23, was killed by sniper fire near Rafah.

Feb 11, 2001 - Tzachi Sasson, 35, of Kibbutz Rosh Tzurim in Gush Etzion, was shot and killed by Palestinian gunmen as he drove home from Jerusalem.

Feb 14, 2001 - Simcha Shitrit, 30, of Rishon Lezion; Staff-Sgt. Ofir Magidish, 20, of Kiryat Malachi; Sgt. David Iluz, 21, of Kiryat Malachi; Sgt. Julie Weiner, 21, of Jerusalem; Sgt. Rachel Levi, 19, of Ashkelon; Sgt. Kochava Polanski, 19, of Ashkelon; Cpl. Alexander Manevich, 18, of Ashkelon; and Cpl. Yasmin Karisi, 18, of Ashkelon were killed when a bus driven by a Palestinian terrorist plowed into a group of soldiers and civilians waiting at a bus stop near Holon, south of Tel-Aviv. In addition, 25 people were injured in the attack.

Feb 26, 2001 - The body of Mordechai Shefer, 55, of Kfar Sava, was found in an olive grove near Moshav Hagor. An autopsy revealed that he was murdered. Investigators suspect terrorist motives.

Mar 1, 2001 - Claude Knap, 29, of Tiberias was killed and 9 people injured when a terrorist detonated a bomb in a Tel Aviv to Tiberias service taxi at the Mei Ami junction in Wadi Ara.

Mar 4, 2001 - Naftali Dean, 85, of Tel Mond; his niece, Shlomit Ziv, 58, of Netanya; and Yevgenya Malchin, 70, of Netanya were killed in a suicide bombing in downtown Netanya; 60 people were injured. The Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack.

Mar 19, 2001 - Baruch Cohen, 59, of Efrat, was killed by shots fired at his car while driving to work in Jerusalem from his home in the Gush Etzion area. After being hit by bullets, he lost control of the car and collided with an oncoming truck.

Mar 26, 2001 - Shalhevet Pass, age 10 months, was killed by sniper fire at the entrance to the Avraham Avinu neighborhood in Hebron.

Mar 28, 2001 - Eliran Rosenberg-Zayat, 15, of Givat Shmuel and Naftali Lanzkorn, 13, of Petah Tikva were killed in a suicide bombing at the Mifgash Hashalom ("peace stop") gas station several hundred meters from an IDF roadblock near the entrance to Kalkilya, east of Kfar Saba. Four people were injured. Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack.

Apr 1, 2001 - Staff Sgt. Ya'akov Krenschel, 23, of Nahariya, an IDF reserve soldier, was killed in a firefight between army and Palestinian forces southeast of Nablus.

Apr 1, 2001 - Dina Guetta, 42, of Haifa, was stabbed to death on Ha'atzmaut Street. Her murder was the initiation rite into a terrorist cell apprehended in July.

Apr 2, 2001 - Sgt. Danny Darai, 20, of Arad, was killed by a Palestinian sniper after completing guard duty at Rachel's Tomb at the entrance to Bethlehem.

Apr 21, 2001 - The mutilated body of Stanislav Sandomirsky, 38, of Beit Shemesh, was found in the trunk of his car near a village north of Ramallah late last night. Terrorist motives are suspected.

Apr 22, 2001 - Dr. Mario Goldin, 53, of Kfar Sava, was killed when a terrorist detonated a powerful bomb he was carrying near a group of people waiting at a bus stop on the corner of Weizman and Tchernichovsky streets. About 60 people were injured in the blast. Hamas claimed responsibility.

Apr 28, 2001 - Sgt. Shlomo Elmakias, 20, of Netanya, was killed and four women passengers wounded in a drive-by terrorist shooting attack on the Wadi Ara highway in the Galilee.

Apr 28, 2001 - Simcha Ron, 60, of Nahariya, was found stabbed to death in Kfar Ba'aneh, near Carmiel in the Galilee. The terrorists responsible for the attack were apprehended in July.

May 1, 2001 - Assaf Hershkowitz, 30, of Ofra, was killed when his vehicle was fired upon and overturned at a junction between Ofra and Beit El.

May 8, 2001 - Arnaldo Agranionic, 48, was murdered by terrorists as he guarded the Binyamin Farm, a lonely outpost where he lived, on an isolated hilltop east of Itamar in Samaria.

May 9, 2001 - Yossi Ish-Ran, 14, and Kobi Mandell, 14, both of Tekoa, were found stoned to death in a cave about 200 meters from the small community south of Jerusalem where they lived.

May 10, 2001 - Constantin Straturula, 52, and Virgil Martinesc, 29, two Romanian citizens employed by an Israeli contractor, were killed in a bomb attack while repairing a vandalized fence at the Kissufim Crossing into the Gaza District.

May 15, 2001 - Idit Mizrahi, 20, of Rimonim, was fatally shot in a terrorist ambush as she drove with her father and brother on the Alon Highway to attend a family wedding. Terrorists fired 30 bullets, 19 of which hit the family's car.

May 18, 2001 - Tirza Polonsky, 66, of Moshav Kfar Haim; Miriam Waxman, 51, of Hadera; David Yarkoni, 53, of Netanya; Yulia Tratiakova, 21, of Netanya; and Vladislav Sorokin, 34, of Netanya were killed in a suicide bombing at Hasharon Mall in the seaside city of Netanya, in which over 100 were wounded. Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack.

May 18, 2001 - Lt. Yair Nebenzahl, 22, of Neve Tzuf (Halamish), was killed and his mother seriously wounded, in a Palestinian roadside ambush north of Jerusalem.

May 23, 2001 - Asher Iluz, 33, of Modi'in was killed outside Ariel en route to supervise a road paving in the area, when Palestinian gunmen opened fire in an ambush.

May 25, 2001 - The burnt body of Yosef Alfasi, 50, of Rishon Letzion, was discovered near the West Bank city of Tulkarem.

May 29, 2001 - Gilad Zar, 41, of Itamar, was shot dead in a terrorist ambush while driving in the West Bank between Kedumim and Yizhar. The Fatah Tanzim claimed responsibility for the attack.

May 29, 2001 - Sara Blaustein, 53, and Esther Alvan, 20, of Efrat, were killed in a drive-by shooting near Neve Daniel in the Gush Etzion bloc south of Jerusalem. The Fatah Tanzim claimed responsibility for the attack.

May 31, 2001 - Zvi Shelef, 63, of Mevo Dotan, was killed in a drive-by shooting attack in northern Samaria north of Tulkarem. He was shot in the head and died en route to hospital.

June 1, 2001 - Marina Berkovizki, 17, of Tel Aviv; Roman Dezanshvili, 21, of Bat Yam; Ilya Gutman, 19, of Bat Yam; Anya Kazachkov, 16, of Holon; Katherine Kastaniyada-Talkir, 15, of Ramat Gan; Aleksei Lupalu, 16, of the Ukraine; Mariana Medvedenko, 16, of Tel Aviv; Irina Nepomneschi, 16, of Bat Yam; Yelena Nelimov, 18, of Tel Aviv; Yulia Nelimov, 16, of Tel Aviv; Raisa Nimrovsky, 15, of Netanya; Pvt. Diez (Dani) Normanov, 21, of Tel Aviv; Simona Rodin, 18, of Holon; Ori Shahar, 32, of Ramat Gan; Liana Sakiyan, 16, of Tel Aviv; Maria Tagilchev, 14, of Netanya; and Irena Usdachi, 18, of Holon were killed when a suicide bomber blew himself outside a disco near Tel Aviv's Dolphinarium along the seafront promenade just before midnight on Friday. Sergei Panchenko, 20, of the Ukraine; Yael-Yulia Sklianik, 15, of Holon; Jan Bloom, 25, of Ramat Gan; and Yevgenia Dorfman, 15, of Bat Yam died subsequently from their injuries. 120 people were wounded in the bombing.

June 11, 2001 - Yehuda Shoham, aged 5 months, of Shilo, died of injuries incurred in a fatal stoning on June 5. He was critically injured by a rock thrown at the family's car near Shilo in Samaria.

June 11, 2001 - Boris Korover, 59, of Homesh was killed near his home in an apparent car accident later defined as a terror attack.

June 12, 2001 - Father Georgios Tsibouktzakis, 34, a Greek Orthodox monk from the St. George Monastery in Wadi Kelt in the Judean desert, was shot and killed while driving on the Jerusalem-Ma'ale Adumim road.

June 14, 2001 - Lt.Col. Yehuda Edri, 45, of Ma'ale Adumim was killed by a Palestinian informant for Israeli intelligence in a shooting attack on the Bethlehem bypass tunnel road connecting the Gush Etzion bloc with Jerusalem. One of his security guards was seriously injured.

June 18, 2001 - Dan Yehuda, 35, of Homesh was killed in a drive-by shooting attack between Homesh and Shavei Shomron, near Nablus. Alex Briskin, 17, was moderately injured.

June 18, 2001 - Doron Zisserman, 38, of Einav, was shot and killed in his car by sniper fire near the entrance to Einav, east of Tulkarem. Fatah claimed responsibility for the attack.

June 20, 2001 - Ilya Krivitz, 62, of Homesh in Samaria was shot and killed at close range in an ambush late Wednesday afternoon in the nearby Palestinian town of Silat a-Dahar.

June 22, 2001 - Sgt. Aviv Iszak, 19, of Kfar Saba, and Sgt. Ofir Kit, 19, of Jerusalem, were killed in a suicide bombing near Dugit in the Gaza Strip as a jeep with yellow Israeli license plates, supposedly stuck in the sand, blew up as they approached.

June 28, 2001 - Ekaterina (Katya) Weintraub, 27, of Ganim in northern Samaria was killed and another woman injured late Thursday afternoon by shots fired at the two-car convoy on the Jenin bypass road.

July 2, 2001 - Aharon Obadyan, 41, of Zichron Ya'akov was shot and killed near Baka a-Sharkia, north of the West Bank city of Tulkarem and close to the 1967 Green Line border, after shopping at the local market.

July 2, 2001 - The body of Yair Har Sinai, 51, of Susiya in the Hebron hills, missing since Monday (July 2) was found early Tuesday morning shot in the head and chest.

July 4, 2001 - Eliahu Na'aman, 32, of Petah Tikva, was shot at point-blank range just inside the Green Line at Sueika, near Tulkarem.

July 9, 2001 - Capt. Shai Shalom Cohen, 22, of Pardes Hanna, was killed and another soldier was wounded when an explosive charge detonated beneath their jeep after leaving the Adoraim IDF base south of Hebron.

July 13, 2001 - Yehezkel (Hezi) Mualem, 49, father of four from Kiryat Arba, was shot and killed between Kiryat Arba and Hebron while protesting a shooting attack in the area the previous day.

July 14, 2001 - David Cohen, 28, of Betar Illit, died of injuries sustained in a drive-by shooting in Kiryat Arba on July 12.

July 16, 2001 - Cpl. Hanit Arami, 19, and St.Sgt. Avi Ben Harush, 20, both of Zichron Yaakov, were killed and 11 wounded - 3 seriously - when a bomb exploded in a suicide terrorist attack at a bus stop near the train station in Binyamina, halfway between Netanya and Haifa, at about 19:30 Monday evening. The Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility for the attack.

July 24, 2001 - The body of Yuri Gushchin, 18, of Jerusalem, brutally murdered, bearing stab and gunfire wounds, was found in Ramallah.

July 26, 2001 - Ronen Landau, 17, of Givat Ze'ev, was shot and killed by Palestinian terrorists while returning home from Jerusalem with his father.

Aug 5, 2001 - Tehiya Bloomberg, 40, of Karnei Shomron, mother of five and 5 months pregnant, was killed when Palestinian gunmen opened fire on the family vehicle between Alfei Menashe and Karnei Shomron. Three people were seriously wounded, including her husband, Shimon, and daughter, Tzippi, 14.

Aug 6, 2001 - Yitzhak Snir, 51, of Ra'anana, an Israeli diamond merchant, was shot dead in Amman, in the yard of the building where he kept a flat. His body was found the following morning.

Aug 7, 2001 - Wael Ghanem, 32, an Arab Israeli resident of Taibeh, was shot and killed by Palestinian assailants on the road near Kalkilya. Police believe he was murdered because of suspected collaboration with Israeli authorities.
Zohar Shurgi, 40, of Moshav Yafit in the Jordan Valley, was shot and killed by terrorists while driving home at night on the Trans-Samaria Highway.

Aug 9, 2001 - Giora Balash, 60, of Brazil; Zvika Golombek, 26, of Carmiel; Shoshana Yehudit Greenbaum, 31, of the U.S.; Tehila Maoz, 18, of Jerusalem; Frieda Mendelsohn, 62, of Jerusalem; Michal Raziel, 16, of Jerusalem; Malka Roth, 15, of Jerusalem; Mordechai Schijveschuurder, 43, of Neria; Tzira Schijveschuurder, 41, of Neria; Ra'aya Schijveschuurder, 14, of Neria; Avraham Yitzhak Schijveschuurder, 4, of Neria; Hemda Schijveschuurder, 2, of Neria; Lily Shimashvili, 33, of Jerusalem; Tamara Shimashvili, 8, of Jerusalem; and Yocheved Shoshan, 10, of Jerusalem were killed and about 130 injured in a suicide bombing at the Sbarro pizzeria on the corner of King George Street and Jaffa Road in the center of Jerusalem. Hamas and the Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility for the attack.

Aug 9, 2001 - Aliza Malka, 17, a boarding student at Kibbutz Merav, was killed by terrorists in a drive-by shooting at the entrance to the kibbutz in the Gilboa region, west of Beit She'an. Three teenage girls who were with her in the car were injured, one seriously.

Aug 25, 2001 - Maj. Gil Oz, 30, of Kfar Sava; St.-Sgt. Kobi Nir, 21, of Kfar Sava; and Sgt. Tzahi Grabli, 19 of Holon were killed and seven soldiers wounded when two Palestinian terrorists infiltrated an IDF base in Gush Katif in the Gaza Strip at about 3:00 AM Saturday morning. The attackers, members of the PLO Fatah faction and of the Palestinian security forces, were killed by IDF soldiers. The Democratic Front claimed responsibility for the attack.

Aug 25, 2001 - Sharon, 26, and Yaniv Ben-Shalom, 27, of Ofarim, were killed when Palestinian gunmen opened fire on their car as they were returning home on the Jerusalem-Modi'in on road Saturday night. Their children, aged one and two, were lightly wounded. Sharon's brother, Doron Sviri, 20, of Jerusalem was fatally wounded and died the following day.

Aug 26, 2001 - Dov Rosman, 58, of Netanya was killed in a shooting attack shortly before 17:00 on Sunday afternoon near the entrance to the village of Zaita, opposite Kibbutz Magal. Fatah claimed responsibility for the attack.

Aug 27, 2001 - Meir Lixenberg, 38, of Itamar, father of five, was shot and killed by Palestinian terrorists from a roadside ambush while traveling between the communities of Har Bracha and Itamar, south of Nablus.

Aug 29, 2001 - Oleg Sotnikov, 35, of Ashdod, a truck driver employed by Dor Energy, was killed in a terrorist shooting attack outside the Palestinian village of Kutchin, west of Nablus.

Aug 30, 2001 - Amos Tajouri, 60, of Modi'in, was shot in the head at point-blank range by a masked gunman in the Arab village of Na'alin, while dining at a restaurant owned by close friends.

Sept 6, 2001 - Lt. Erez Merhavi, 23, of Moshav Tarum was killed in an ambush shooting near Kibbutz Bahan, east of Hadera, while driving to a wedding. A female officer with him in the car was seriously injured. Fatah-Tanzim claimed responsibility for the attack.

Sept 9, 2001 - Ya'akov Hatzav, 42, of Hamra in the Jordan Valley, the driver, and Sima Franko, 24, of Beit She'an, a kindergarten teacher, were killed in a shooting attack 300 meters south of the Adam Junction in the Jordan Valley. A minibus transporting teachers to the regional school was attacked by Palestinian terrorists.

Sept 9, 2001 - Dr. Yigal Goldstein, 47, of Jerusalem; Morel Derfler, 45, of Mevasseret Zion; and Sgt. Daniel Yifrah, 19, of Jerusalem were killed and some 90 injured, most lightly, in a suicide bombing near the Nahariya train station in northern Israel.

Sept 11, 2001 - Border Policemen Sgt. Tzachi David, 19, of Tel-Aviv, and St.-Sgt. Andrei Zledkin, 26, of Carmiel, were killed just after midnight when Palestinian gunmen opened fire on the Ivtan Border Police base near Kibbutz Bachan in central Israel. A Fatah group claimed responsibility for the attack.

Sept 12, 2001 - Ruth Shua'i, 46, of Alfei Menashe, was traveling home around 19:30 PM when shots were fired from a passing vehicle near the village of Habla near Kalkilya. She sustained injuries to her head and stomach and died en route to Meir Hospital in Kfar Saba.

Sept 15, 2001 - Meir Weisshaus, 23, of Jerusalem, was fatally shot late Saturday night in a drive-by shooting on the Ramot-French Hill road in northern Jerusalem.

Sept 16, 2001 - Sgt. David Gordukal, 23, of Upper Nazareth, was killed in the exchange of fire on Saturday night in the south of Ramallah, during which five senior Palestinian terrorists were arrested and a number of Palestinian positions and a Force 17 camp were attacked.

Sept 20, 2001 - Sarit Amrani, 26, of Nokdim, was killed Thursday morning and her husband Shai was seriously wounded in a shooting attack near Tekoa, south of Bethlehem. The couple's three children who were traveling in the vehicle were not injured. Fatah claimed responsibility for the attack.

Sept 24, 2001 - Salit Sheetrit, 28, of Kibbutz Sde Eliyahu was killed by gunfire shortly after 6:30 near Shadmot Mehola on the Jordan Valley road. The Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility for the attack.

Sept 26, 2001 - Zvia Pinhas, 64, of Moshav Maor was stabbed to death in her home. The terrorist who carried out the attack, from Jenin, was arrested.

Oct 2, 2001 - Cpl. Liron Harpaz, 19, of Alei Sinai, and Assaf Yitzhaki, 20, of Lod, were killed when a Palestinian terrorist cell infiltrated the northern Gaza District community of Alei Sinai, opening fire on residents and hurling grenades into homes. 15 others were wounded in the attack.

Oct 4, 2001 - Sgt. Tali Ben-Armon, 19, an off-duty woman soldier from Pardesia, Haim Ben-Ezra, 76, of Givat Hamoreh, and Sergei Freidin, 20, of Afula were killed when a Palestinian terrorist, dressed as an Israeli paratrooper, opened fire on Israeli civilians waiting at the central bus station in Afula. 13 other Israelis were wounded in the attack. Fatah claimed responsibility for the attack.

Oct 5, 2001 - Hananya Ben-Avraham, 46, of Elad was killed by Palestinian terrorists in a machine gun ambush near Avnei Hefetz in central Israel.

Oct 7, 2001 - Yair Mordechai, 43, of Kibbutz Sheluhot was killed when a Palestinian suicide terrorist detonated a large bomb strapped to his body near the entrance of the kibbutz in the Beit She'an Valley.

Oct 17, 2001 - Tourism Minister Rechavam Ze'evy, 75, was assassinated by two shots to the head outside his room at the Jerusalem Hyatt Hotel. The Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine claimed responsibility for the attack.

Oct 18, 2001 - Lior Kaufman, 30, of Ramat Sharon was killed and two injured, one seriously, by shots fired by terrorists at their jeep in the Judean desert, near the Mar Saba monastery.

Oct 28, 2001 - St.-Sgt. Yaniv Levy, 22, of Zichron Yaakov was killed by Palestinian terrorists in a drive-by machine-gun ambush near Kibbutz Metzer in northern Israel. The Tanzim wing of Arafat's Fatah faction claimed responsibility for the murder.

Oct 28, 2001 - Ayala Levy, 39, of Elyachin; Smadar Levy, 23, of Hadera; Lydia Marko, 63, of Givat Ada; and Sima Menahem, 30, of Zichron Yaakov were killed when two Palestinian terrorists, members of the Palestinian police, armed with assault rifles and expanding bullets, opened fire from a vehicle on Israeli pedestrians at a crowded bus-stop in downtown Hadera. About 40 were wounded, three critically. The Islamic Jihad claimed responsiblity for the attack.

Nov 2, 2001 - St.-Sgt. Raz Mintz, 19, of Kiryat Motzkin was killed by Palestinian gunmen 5:45 P.M. on Friday at an IDF roadblock at near Ofra, north of Ramallah. The Fatah-affiliated Al-Aksa Brigade claimed responsibility for the attack.

Nov 4, 2001 - Shoshana Ben Ishai, 16, of Betar Illit and Menashe (Meni) Regev, 14, of Jerusalem were killed when a Palestinian terrorist opened fire with a sub-machine gun shortly before 16:00 at a No. 25 Egged bus at the French Hill junction in northern Jerusalem. 45 people were injured in the attack.

Nov 6, 2001 - Capt. (Res.) Eyal Sela, 39, of Moshav Nir Banim, was shot dead in an ambush by three Palestinian terrorists on the southern Nablus bypass road.

Nov 9, 2001 - Hadas Abutbul, 39, of Mevo Dotan in northern Samaria was shot and killed by Palestinian terrorists on Friday afternoon as she drove from work in nearby Shaked.

Nov 11, 2001 - Aharon Ussishkin, 50, head of security at Moshav Kfar Hess, east of Netanya, was shot and killed at the entrance to the moshav on Sunday evening, after being summoned to investigate a suspicious person.

Nov 24, 2001 - St.-Sgt. Barak Madmon, 26, of Holon, an IDF reservist, was killed by a mortar shell that landed in the soccer field of Kfar Darom in Gush Katif, while on his way to take up guard duty. Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack.

Nov 27, 2001 - Noam Gozovsky, 23, of Moshav Ramat Zvi, and Michal Mor, 25, of Afula were killed when two Palestinian terrorists from the Jenin area opened fire with Kalashnikov assault rifles on a crowd of people near the central bus station in Afula. Police officers and a reserve soldier confronted them, killing the terrorists in the ensuing firefight. Another 50 people were injured, 10 of them moderately to seriously. Fatah and the Islamic Jihad claimed joint responsibility.

Nov 27, 2001 - Etty Fahima, 45, of Netzer Hazani was killed three others were injured when a Palestinian terrorist threw grenades and opened fire at a convoy on the road between the Kissufim crossing and Gush Katif in the Gaza Strip on Tuesday evening. Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack.

Nov 29, 2001 - 1st Sgt. Yaron Pikholtz, 20, of Ramat Gan, was killed and a second soldier was injured in a drive-by shooting incident on the Green Line, near the West Bank village of Baka el-Sharkiya.

Nov 29, 2001 - Inbal Weiss, 22, of Zichron Ya'akov; Yehiav Elshad, 28, of Tel-Aviv; and Samuel Milshevsky, 45, of Kfar Sava were killed and nine wounded in a suicide bombing on an Egged 823 bus en route from Nazereth to Tel Aviv near the city of Hadera. The Islamic Jihad and Fatah claimed responsibility for the attack.

Dec 1, 2001 - Assaf Avitan, 15, of Jerusalem; Michael Moshe Dahan, 21, of Jerusalem; Israel Ya'akov Danino, 17, of Jerusalem; Yosef El-Ezra, 18, of Jerusalem; Sgt. Nir Haftzadi, 19, of Jerusalem; Yuri (Yoni) Korganov, 20, of Ma'alei Adumim; Golan Turgeman, 15, of Jerusalem; Guy Vaknin, 19, of Jerusalem; Adam Weinstein, 14, of Givon Hahadasha, and Moshe Yedid-Levy, 19, of Jerusalem were killed and about 180 injured - 17 seriously - when explosive devices were detonated by two suicide bombers close to 11:30 P.M. Saturday night on Ben Yehuda Street, the pedestrian mall in the center of Jerusalem. A car bomb exploded nearby 20 minutes later. Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack.
Ido Cohen, 17, of Jerusalem, fatally injured in the attack, died of his wounds on December 8.

Dec 2, 2001 - Prof. Baruch Singer, 51, of Gedera was killed when Palestinian gunmen opened fire on his car near the northern Gaza settlement of Elei Sinai. Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack.

Dec 2, 2001 - Tatiana Borovik, 23, of Haifa; Mara Fishman, 51, of Haifa; Ina Frenkel, 60, of Haifa; Riki Hadad, 30, of Yokne'am; Ronen Kahalon, 30, of Haifa; Samion Kalik, 64, of Haifa; Mark Khotimliansky, 75, of Haifa; Cecilia Kozamin, 76, of Haifa; Yelena Lomakin, 62, of Haifa; Rosaria Reyes, 42, of the Philippines; Yitzhak Ringel, 41, of Haifa; Rassim Safulin, 78, of Haifa; Leah Strick, 73, of Haifa; Faina Zabiogailu, 64, of Haifa; Mikhail Zaraisky, 71, of Haifa were killed and 40 injured in a suicide bombing on an Egged bus No. 16 in Haifa shortly after 12:00. Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack.

Dec 12, 2001 - Yair Amar, 13, of Emmanuel; Esther Avraham, 42, of Emmanuel; Border Police Chief Warrant Officer Yoel Bienenfeld, 35, of Moshav Tel Shahar; Moshe Gutman, 40, of Emmanuel; Avraham Nahman Nitzani, 17, of Betar Illit; Yirmiyahu Salem, 48, of Emmanuel; Israel Sternberg, 46, of Emmanuel; David Tzarfati, 38, of Ginot Shomron; Hananya Tzarfati, 32, of Kfar Saba; Ya'akov Tzarfati, 64, of Kfar Saba were killed when three terrorists attacked a No. 189 Dan bus and several passenger cars with a roadside bomb, anti-tank grenades, and light arms fire near the entrance to Emmanuel in Samaria at 18:00 P.M. About 30 others were injured. Both Fatah and Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack.
Haim Chiprot, 52, of Emmanuel, injured in the attack, died of his wounds on March 25, 2002.

Dec 17, 2001 - Zion Ohana, 45, of Adam was brutally murdered by three residents of Jaba in Samaria.

Dec 25, 2001 - Sgt. Michael Sitbon, 23, of Beit Shemesh, an IDF reserve soldier, was killed, and four other soldiers were injured, in a shooting attack Tuesday morning near the Jordanian border north of Beit She'an.

Jan 9, 2002 - Maj. Ashraf Hawash, 28, of Beit Zarzir; Sgt.-Maj. Ibrahim Hamadieh, 23, of Rehaniya; Sgt.-Maj. Hana (Eli) Abu-Ghanem, 25, of Haifa; and St.-Sgt. Mofid Sawaid, 25, of Abu Snan, four IDF soldiers of the Bedouin desert patrol unit, were killed and two injured when two armed Palestinian terrorists from the southern Gaza Strip, carrying explosive belts, assault rifles, grenades, and dressed in Palestinian Authority police uniforms, infiltrated into Israel at 04:30 this morning and attacked an IDF post near Kerem Shalom. The terrorists, one a member of the Palestinian Authority's naval force, and the second a Hamas operative, were killed. Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack.

Jan 14, 2002 - Sgt. Elad Abu-Gani, 19, of Tiberias, was killed and an officer sustained gunshot wounds in a terrorist ambush near Kuchin, between Nablus and Tulkarm. Fatah claimed responsibility for the attack.

Jan 15, 2002 - Avraham (Avi) Boaz, 71, of Ma'aleh Adumim, an American citizen, was kidnapped at a PA security checkpoint in Beit Jala. His bullet-riddled body was found in a car in Beit Sahur, in the Bethlehem area. The Fatah's Al-Aksa Brigade claimed responsibility for the murder.

Jan 15, 2002 - Yoela Chen, 45, of Givat Ze'ev, was shot and killed by Palestinian terrorists near the gas station at the entrance to Givat Ze'ev shortly before 20:00. Her aunt who was with her in the car was injured. The Fatah's Al-Aqsa Brigade claimed responsibility for the murder.

Jan 16, 2002 - Shahada Dadis, 30, an Arab resident of Beit Hanina in East Jerusalem, was killed in a drive-by terrorist shooting. He was found dead in a car bearing Israeli license plates south of Jenin in the West Bank.

Jan 17, 2002 - Edward Bakshayev, 48, of Or Akiva; Anatoly Bakshayev, 63, of Or Akiva; Aharon Ben Yisrael-Ellis, 32, of Ra'anana; Dina Binayev, 48, of Ashkelon; Boris Melikhov, 56, of Sderot; and Avi Yazdi, 25, of Hadera were killed and 35 injured, several seriously, when a terrorist burst into a bat mitzva reception in a banquet hall in Hadera shortly before 23:00, opening fire with an M-16 assault rifle. The Fatah Al-Aqsa Brigades claimed responsibility for the attack.

Jan 22, 2002 - Sarah Hamburger, 79, and Svetlana Sandler, 56, both of Jerusalem, were killed and 40 were injured when a Palestinian terrorist opened fire with an M-16 assault rifle near a bus stop in downtown Jerusalem. The Fatah Al-Aqsa Brigades claimed responsibility for the attack.

Jan 27, 2002 - Pinhas Tokatli, 81, of Jerusalem was killed and over 150 people were wounded, four seriously, in a suicide bombing on Jaffa Road, in the center of Jerusalem, shortly before 12:30. The female terrorist, identified as a Fatah member, was armed with more than 10 kilos of explosives.

Feb 6, 2002 - Miri Ohana, 45, and her daughter Yael, 11, were murdered in their home when an armed terrorist infiltrated Moshav Hamra, halfway between Jericho and Beit She'an in the Jordan Valley on Wednesday evening, opening fire. IDF reserve soldier, St.-Sgt. Maj.(res.) Moshe Majos Meconen, 33, of Beit She'an, was also killed in the attack. The terrorist, who entered the Ohana home disguised in IDF uniform, was killed by IDF forces. Both Fatah and Hamas claimed responsibility.

Feb 8, 2002 - Moranne Amit, 25, of Kibbutz Kfar Hanasi was stabbed to death by four Palestinians, aged 14 to 16, while strolling on the Sherover Promenade in Jerusalem's Armon Hanatziv neighborhood Friday afternoon.

Feb 9, 2002 - Atala Lipobsky, 78, of Ma'ale Ephraim was shot dead on Saturday night while driving on the Trans-Samaria Highway with her son. Palestinian gunmen opened fire on the car, apparently from an ambush, between Ariel and the Tapuah Junction.

Feb 10, 2002 - Lt. Keren Rothstein, 20, of Ashkelon and Cpl. Aya Malachi, 18, of Moshav Ein Habesor were killed in a drive-by terrorist shooting at the entrance to the IDF Southern Command base in Be'er Sheva. Four others were wounded, one critically. One of the terrorists was killed at the scene; the second, wearing an explosives belt, fled in the direction of a nearby school when he was shot and killed by a soldier and police officer. Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack.

Feb 14, 2002 - St.-Sgt. Ron Lavie, 20, of Katzrin, St.-Sgt. Moshe Peled, 20, of Rehovot, and St.-Sgt. Asher Zaguri, 21, of Shlomi were killed and four soldiers injured when a powerful mine exploded under a IDF tank on the Karni-Netzarim road in the Gaza Strip Thursday night, following the detonation of a roadside bomb at a civilian convoy of cars and a bus.

Feb 15, 2002 - St.-Sgt. Lee Nahman Akunis, 20, of Holon, was shot and killed by gunmen on Friday night at a roadblock north of Ramallah. The Fatah's Al-Aksa Brigade claimed responsibility for the attack.

Feb 16, 2002 - Nehemia Amar, 15, and Keren Shatsky, 15, both of Ginot Shomron were killed and about 30 people were wounded, six seriously, when a suicide bomber blew himself up on Saturday night at a pizzeria in the shopping mall in Karnei Shomron in Samaria. Rachel Thaler, 16, of Ginot Shomron died of her wounds on February 27. The Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine claimed responsibility for the attack.

Feb 18, 2002 - Policeman Ahmed Mazarib, 32, of the Bedouin village Beit Zarzir in the Galilee, was killed by a suicide bomber whom he had stopped for questioning on the Ma'ale Adumim-Jerusalem road. The terrorist succeeded in detonating the bomb in his car. The Fatah al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades claimed responsibility for the attack.

Feb 18, 2002 - Ahuva Amergi, 30, of Ganei Tal in Gush Katif was killed and a 60-year old man was injured when a Palestinian terrorist opened fire on her car. Maj. Mor Elraz, 25, of Kiryat Ata and St.-Sgt. Amir Mansouri, 21, of Kiryat Arba, who came to their assistance, were killed while trying to intercept the terrorist. The terrorist was killed when the explosives he was carrying were detonated. The Fatah al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades claimed responsibility for the attack.

Feb 19, 2002 - Lt. Moshe Eini, 21, of Petah Tikva; St.-Sgt. Benny Kikis, 20, of Carmiel; St.-Sgt. Mark Podolsky, 20, of Tel Aviv; St.-Sgt. Erez Turgeman, 20, of Jerusalem; St.-Sgt. Tamir Atsmi, 21, of Kiryat Ono; and St.-Sgt. Michael Oxsman, 21, of Haifa were killed and one wounded in an attack near a roadblock west of Ramallah. Several terrorists opened fire at soldiers at the roadblock, including three off-duty soldiers inside a structure at the roadblock, killing them at point-blank range. The Fatah al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigades claimed responsibility for the attack.

Feb 21, 2002 - Minhal Dragma, 22, of Baka al-Garbiya, was killed when a terrorist opened fire at IDF soldiers at the entrance to Baka al-Sharkiya.

Feb 22, 2002 - Valery Ahmir, 59, of Beit Shemesh was killed by terrorists in a drive-by shooting on the Atarot-Givat Ze'ev road north of Jerusalem as he returned home from work. Fatah claimed responsibility for the attack.

Feb 25, 2002 - Avraham Fish, 65, and Aharon Gorov, 46, both of Nokdim, were killed in a terrorist shooting attack between Tekoa and Nokdim, south of Bethlehem. Fish's daughter, 9 months pregnant, was seriously injured but delivered a baby girl. The Fatah al-Aksa Brigades claimed responsibility for the attack.

Feb 25, 2002 - Police officer 1st Sgt. Galit Arbiv, 21, of Nesher, died after being fatally shot, when a terrorist opened fire at a bus stop in the Neve Ya'akov residential neighbhorhood in northern Jerusalem. Eight others were injured, two seriously. The Fatah al-Aksa Brigades claimed responsibility for the attack.

Feb 27, 2002 - Gad Rejwan, 34, of Jerusalem, was shot and killed early Wednesday morning by one of his Palestinian employees in a factory in the Atarot industrial area, north of Jerusalem. Two Fatah groups issued a joint statement taking responsibility for the murder.

Feb 28, 2002 - IDF soldier St.-Sgt. Haim Bachar, 20, of Tel Aviv was killed during clashes with Palestinians in the Balata refugee camp near Nablus. IDF forces entered the camp to search for wanted terrorists.

Mar 1, 2002 - IDF soldier Sgt. Ya'acov Avni, 20, of Kiryat Ata was killed by Palestinian sniper fire in the Jenin refugee camp.

Mar 2, 2002 - The bullet-ridden body of Jerusalem police detective Chief-Supt. Moshe Dayan, 46, of Ma'aleh Adumim, was discovered next to his trail motorcycle, near the Mar Saba Monastery in the Judean Desert. Tanzim claimed responsibility for the attack.

Mar 2, 2002 - Eleven people were killed and over 50 were injured, 4 critically, in a suicide bombing at 19:15 on Saturday evening near a yeshiva in the ultra-Orthodox Beit Yisrael neighborhood in the center of Jerusalem where people had gathered for a bar-mitzva celebration. The terrorist detonated the bomb next to a group of women waiting with their baby carriages for their husbands to leave the nearby synagogue. The victims: Shlomo Nehmad (40), his wife Gafnit (32), and their daughters Shiraz (7) and Liran (3), of Rishon Lezion; Shaul Nehmad (15), of Rishon Lezion; Lidor Ilan (12) and his sister Oriah (18 months), of Rishon Lezion; Tzofia Ya'arit Eliyahu (23) and her son Ya'akov Avraham (7 months), of Jerusalem. Avi Hazan, 37, of Moshav Adora, died of his injuries on Monday morning (Mar 4). Avraham Eliahu Nehmad, 7, of Rishon Lezion, died of his injuries on June 20. The Fatah Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigade took responsibility for the attack.

Mar 3, 2002 - Ten Israelis - 7 soldiers and 3 civilians - were killed and 6 injured when a terrorist opened fire at an IDF roadblock near Ofra in Samaria: Capt. Ariel Hovav, 25, of Eli; Lt.(res.) David Damelin, 29, of Kibbutz Metzar; 1st Sgt.(res.) Rafael Levy, 42, of Rishon Lezion; Sgt.-Maj.(res.) Avraham Ezra, 38, of Kiryat Bialik; Sgt.-Maj.(res.) Eran Gad, 24, of Rishon Letzion; Sgt.-Maj.(res.) Yochai Porat, 26, of Kfar Sava; Sgt.-Maj.(res.) Kfir Weiss, 24, of Beit Shemesh; Sergei Birmov, 33, of Ariel; Vadim Balagula, 32, of Ariel; and Didi Yitzhak, 66, of Eli. The Fatah Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigade claimed responsibility for the attack.

Mar 3, 2002 - Sgt. Steven Kenigsberg, 19, of Hod Hasharon was killed and 4 soldiers injured when a Palestinian gunman opened fire near the Kissufim crossing in the Gaza Strip. The Islamic Jihad and Tanzim claimed responsibility for the attack.

Mar 5, 2002 - Police officer FSM Salim Barakat, 33, of Yarka; Yosef Habi, 52, of Herzliya; and Eli Dahan, 53, of Lod were killed and over 30 people were wounded in Tel-Aviv when a Palestinian terrorist opened fire on two adjacent restaurants shortly after 2:00 AM. The Fatah Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigade claimed responsibility for the attack.

Mar 5, 2002 - Devorah Friedman, 45, of Efrat, was killed and her husband injured in shooting attack on the Bethlehem bypass "tunnel road", south of Jerusalem. The Fatah Al-Aqsa Martyrs Brigade claimed responsibility for the attack.

Mar 5, 2002 - Maharatu Tagana, 85, of Upper Nazareth was killed and a large number of people injured, most lightly, when a suicide bomber exploded in an Egged No. 823 bus as it entered the Afula central bus station. The Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility for the attack.

Mar 6, 2002 - 1st Lt. Pinhas Cohen, 23, of Jerusalem, was killed overnight near the southern Gaza town of Khan Yunis, in the course of anti-terrorist activity. Cpl.(res.) Alexander Nastarenko, 37, of Netanya was killed when Palestinian gunmen crossed the border fence and ambushed an army jeep on the patrol road near Kibbutz Nir Oz.

Mar 7, 2002 - Arik Krogliak of Beit El, Tal Kurtzweil of Bnei Brak, Asher Marcus of Jerusalem, Eran Picard of Jerusalem, and Ariel Zana of Jerusalem, all aged 18, were killed and 23 people were injured, four seriously, when a Palestinian gunman penetrated the pre-military training academy in the Gush Katif settlement of Atzmona. Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack.

Mar 8, 2002 - St.-Sgt. Edward Korol, 20, of Ashdod, was killed by a Palestinian sniper in Tulkarem.

Mar 9, 2002 - Avia Malka, 9 months, of South Africa, and Israel Yihye, 27, of Bnei Brak were killed and about 50 people were injured, several seriously, when two Palestinians opened fire and threw grenades at cars and pedestrians in the coastal city of Netanya on Saturday evening, close to the city's boardwalk and hotels. The terrorists were killed by Israeli border police. The Fatah Al Aqsa Brigades claimed responsibility for the attack.

Mar 9, 2002 - Limor Ben-Shoham, 27, of Jerusalem; Nir Borochov, 22, of Givat Ze'ev; Danit Dagan, 25, of Tel-Aviv; Livnat Dvash, 28, of Jerusalem; Tali Eliyahu, 26, of Jerusalem; Uri Felix, 25, of Givat Ze'ev; Dan Imani, 23, of Jerusalem; Natanel Kochavi, 31, of Kiryat Ata; Baruch Lerner, 29, of Eli; Orit Ozerov, 28, of Jerusalem; Avraham Haim Rahamim, 28, of Jerusalem were killed and 54 injured, 10 of them seriously, when a suicide bomber exploded at 22:30 PM Saturday night in a crowded cafe at the corner of Aza and Ben-Maimon streets in the Rehavia neighborhood in the center of Jerusalem. Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack.

Mar 10, 2002 - St.-Sgt. Kobi Eichelboim, 21, of Givatayim died Sunday afternoon from wounds suffered in the morning when a Palestinian gunman disguised as a worker opened fire at the entrance to Netzarim in the Gaza Strip.

Mar 12, 2002 - Eyal Lieberman, 42, of Tzoran was killed and another person was wounded in a shooting attack at the Kiryat Sefer checkpoint, east of Modi'in.

Mar 12, 2002 - Yehudit Cohen, 33, of Shlomi; Ofer Kanarick, 44, of Moshav Betzet; Alexei Kotman, 29, of Kibbutz Beit Hashita; Lynne Livne, 49, and her daughter Atara, 15, of Kibbutz Hanita; and Lt. German Rozhkov, 25, of Kiryat Shmona were killed when two terrorists opened fire from an ambush on Israeli vehicles traveling between Shlomi and Kibbutz Metzuba near the northern border with Lebanon. Seven others were injured. Israeli forces killed the two gunmen, who were dressed in IDF uniforms, and carried out wide-scale searches for additional terrorists.

Mar 13, 2002 - Lt. Gil Badihi, 21, of Nataf died of injuries suffered Wednesday morning in Ramallah. He was shot in the head by a Palestinian gunman while inside his tank and evacuating infantry personnel.

Mar 14, 2002 - St.-Sgt. Matan Biderman, 21, of Carmiel, St.-Sgt. Ala Hubeishi, 21, of Julis, and Sgt. Rotem Shani, 19, of Hod Hasharon were killed and two soldiers were injured early Thursday morning when a tank escorting a civilian convoy drove over a land mine exploded on the Karni-Netzarim road in the Gaza Strip. Terrorists hiding in a nearby mosque detonated the remote-controlled explosive charge beneath the armored vehicle. The Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine and the Fatah's al-Aksa Martyrs Brigade both claimed responsibility.

Mar 17, 2002 - Noa Auerbach, 18, of Kfar Sava was killed and 16 people were injured when a terrorist opened fire on passersby in the center of Kfar Sava. The gunman was shot and killed by police.

Mar 19, 2002 - 1st Lt. Tal Zemach, 20, of Kibbutz Hulda, was killed and three soldiers were injured when Palestinian terrorists opened fire on them in the Jordan Valley. Hamas claimed responsibility for the attack.

Mar 20, 2002 - Sgt. Michael Altfiro, 19, of Pardes Hanna; St.-Sgt. Shimon Edri, 20, of Pardes Hanna; SWO Meir Fahima, 40, of Hadera; Cpl. Aharon Revivo, 19, of Afula; Alon Goldenberg, 28, of Tel Aviv; Mogus Mahento, 75, of Holon; and Bella Schneider, 53, of Hadera were killed and about 30 people were wounded, several seriously, in a suicide bombing of an Egged bus No. 823 traveling from Tel Aviv to Nazareth at the Musmus junction on Highway 65 (Wadi Ara) near Afula. The Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility for the attack.

Mar 21, 2002 - Gadi (34) and Tzipi (29) Shemesh, of Jerusalem and Yitzhak Cohen, 48, of Modi'in were killed and 86 people injured, 3 of them seriously, in a suicide bombing on King George Street in the center of Jerusalem. The terrorist detonated the bomb, packed with metal spikes and nails, in the center of a crowd of shoppers. The Fatah al-Aqsa Brigades claimed responsibility for the attack.

Mar 24, 2002 - Esther Kleiman, 23, of Neve Tzuf, was killed in a shooting attack northwest of Ramallah, while traveling to work in a reinforced Egged bus.

Mar 24, 2002 - Avi Sabag, 24, of Otniel was killed in a terrorist shooting south of Hebron.

Mar 26, 2002 - Major Cengiz Soytunc of Turkey and Catherine Berruex of Switzerland, members of the TIPH observer force in Hebron, were killed in an ambush shooting by a Palestinian gunman near Halhul.

                                          Que leurs mémoires soient bénies

Repost 0
15 janvier 2009 4 15 /01 /janvier /2009 11:05


Extrait du site « MediArabe.info » :


Le point de vue de Wafa Sultan (Aafaq.org) :

"Gaza, ou l'hypocrisie inégalée "

dimanche 11 janvier 2009 - 22h51, par Chawki Freïha - Beyrouth

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La célèbre sociologue d'origine syrienne, Wafa Sultan, vient de publier l'un des points de vue le plus cinglants concernant la situation à Gaza. Elle plonge aux origines de l'islam pour expliquer le conflit entre deux conceptions diamétralement opposées : la culture de la vie contre la culture de la mort et du martyre. Elle s'appuie sur des exemples de l'histoire récente pour dénoncer une religion, une culture et une idéologie barbares... En voici les extraits les plus significatifs, traduits par Chawki Freïha.

(…) Puisqu'il m'importe peu de satisfaire les uns, de défendre les autres ou d'éviter la colère des troisièmes, je peux dire que le Hamas n'est qu'une sécrétion islamique terroriste dont le comportement irresponsable à l'égard de sa population l'empêche de se hisser au niveau du gouvernement. Mais ceci est conforme à l'habitiude, puisque, à travers l'histoire de l'islam, jamais une bande de criminels islamistes n'a respecté ses adminsitrés. (...) Je ne prétends pas défendre Israël, puisque les Juifs ne m'ont pas demandé mon avis quant à leur terre promise. S'ils me demandent mon avis, je leur conseille de brûler leurs livres sacrés et de quitter la région et de sauver leur peau. Car les musulmans constituent une nation rigide exempte de cerveau. Et c'est contagieux. Tous ceux qui les fréquentent perdent la cervelle…

Avant la création de l'Etat d'Israël, l'histoire n'a jamais mentionné une guerre impliquant les Juifs, ni qu'un Juif ait commandé une armée ou mené une conquête. Mais les musulmans sont des combattants, des conquérants et leur histoire ne manque pas d'exemples et de récits de conquêtes, de morts, de tueries, de razzias… Pour les musulmans, tuer est un loisir. Et s'ils ne trouvent pas un ennemi à tuer, ils s'entretuent entre eux.

Il est impossible pour une nation qui éduque ses enfants sur la mort et le martyre, pour plaire à son créateur, d'enseigner en même temps l'amour de la vie. La vie a-t-elle une valeur pour une société qui inculque à ses enfants qu'ils doivent tuer ou être tués pour aller au Paradis ?

(…) Depuis le début de l'opération israélienne contre Gaza, je suis bombardée de courriers électroniques venant de lecteurs musulmans qui me demandent mon avis sur ce qui se déroule à Gaza. Je ne suis pas concernée par ce qui s'y passe, mais je suis intéressée par les motivations qui animent ceux qui m'écrivent. Je suis convaincue que ce qui les motive n'est pas la condamnation de l'horreur, ni la condamnation de la mort qui sévit à Gaza. Car, si la motivation était réellement la condamnation de la mort, ces mêmes lecteurs se seraient manifestés à d'autres occasions où la vie était menacée.

Ceux qui condamnent le massacre de Gaza, par défense de la vie en tant de valeur, doivent m'interroger sur mon avis à chaque fois que cette vie-valeur était menacée. Plus de 200.000 musulmans Algériens ont été massacrés par d'autres musulmans Algériens ces quinze dernières années, sans qu'aucun musulman ne s'en émeuve. Des femmes Algériennes violées par les islamistes ont témoigné et raconté que leurs violeurs priaient Allah et imploraient son Prophète avant qu'ils ne violent leurs victimes. Mais personne ne m'a demandé mon avis. Plus de 20.000 citoyens syriens musulmans avaient été massacrés par les autorités (Hamas en 1983) sans qu'aucun musulman ne réagisse et sans qu'aucun ne me demande mon avis sur ces massacres étatiques. Des musulmans se sont fait exploser dans des hôtels jordaniens tuant des musulmans innocents qui célébraient des mariages, symboles de la vie-valeur, sans qu'aucune manifestation ne soit organisée à travers le monde, et sans qu'on ne me demande mon avis. En Egypte, des islamistes ont récemment attaqué un village copte et ont massacré 21 paysans, sans qu'un seul musulman ne dénonce ce crime. Saddam Hussein a enterré vivant plus de 300.000 chiites et kurdes, et en a gazé beaucoup plus, sans qu'un seul musulman n'ose réagir et dénoncer ces crimes.

Au plus fort des bombardements de Gaza, une femme musulmane, fidèle et pieuse, s'est fait exploser en Irak dans une mosquée chiite, tuant une trentaine d'innocents, sans que les médias ou les musulmans ne s'en émeuvent. Il y a quelques mois, le Hamas avait aussi tué onze personnes d'une même famille palestinienne, accusés d'appartenir au Fatah, sans que des manifestations ne soient organisées en Europe ou dans le monde arabe, et sans qu'aucun lecteur ne m'écrive et ne m'envoie ses protestations.

Ainsi, la vie n'a pas de valeur pour le musulman. Sinon, il aurait dénoncé toute atteinte à la vie, quelle qu'en soit la victime. Les Palestiniens et leurs soutiens dénoncent les massacres de Gaza, non pas par amour de la vie, mais pour dénoncer l'identité dues tueurs. Si le tueur était musulman, appartenant au Hamas ou au Fatah, aucune manifestation n'aurait eu lieu.

(…) CNN a diffusé un documentaire sur Gaza montrant une femme palestinienne qui se lamente et crie : mais qu'on fait nos enfants pour être tués comme ça ? Mais qui sait. Peut-être qu'il s'agit de la même palestinienne qui se réjouissait il y a deux ans quand l'un de ses fils s'était fait exploser dans un restaurant de Tel-Aviv et qui disait souhaiter que ses autres enfants suivent le même exemple et devenir martyrs.

Mais quand l'idéologie et l'endoctrinement sont d'une telle bassesse, il devient normal que cette palestinienne perde toute valeur à la vie. Sinon, elle pleurerait ses enfants de la même façon qu'ils se tuent dans un attentat suicide à Tel-Aviv ou sous les bombes israéliennes. Car, la mort est la même qu'elle qu'en soient les circonstances, et elle demeure rejetée, et au contraire, la vie mérite d'être vécue et pleurée.

Dans ce cas, comment puis-je me solidariser avec une femme qui lance les youyous de jouissance quand l'un de ses enfants se fait exploser contre les juifs, et elle pleure quand les juifs tuent ses autres enfants ? Mais l'idéologie enseigne aux musulmans que tuer ou être tué permet au fidèle de gagner le paradis. Dans ce cas, pourquoi pleurer les Gazaouis alors qu'ils n'ont pas bougé le petit doigt pour les Irakiens, les Algériens, les Egyptiens ou les Syriens pourtant musulmans ?

(…) Après ce qui précède, je suis certaine que ceux qui m'écrivent et me demandent mon avis sur ce qui se passe à Gaza cherchent à me faire dire ce qu'ils peuvent utiliser pour m'incriminer et me condamner, ou pour me faire dire ce qu'ils ne peuvent exprimer eux-mêmes.

(…) Borhane, un jeune palestinien de 14 ans, a perdu il y a une dizaine d'années ses bras, ses jambes et la vue dans l'explosion d'une mine en Cisjordanie. La communauté palestinienne aux Etats-Unis s'est mobilisée pour lui venir en aide et financer son hospitalisation dans l'espoir de sauver ce qui pouvait l'être. Lors d'un diner de bienfaisance organisé à son profit en Californie, la plus riche palestinienne des Etats-Unis s'est présenté en grande fourrure, et a qualifié Borhane de héros. Elle s'est adressée à ce bout de chair immobile et inerte : Borhane, tu es notre héros. Le pays a besoin de toi. Tu dois retourner dans le pays pour empêcher les Sionistes de le confisquer… Mais l'hypocrisie de la palestinienne la plus riche des Etats-Unis l'empêche d'envoyer ses propres enfants défendre la Palestine contre les Sionistes. Exactement à l'image des chefs du Hamas qui demandent les sacrifices à Gaza, mais restent à l'abri à Damas et à Beyrouth.

(…) La guerre contre Gaza est certes une horreur. Mais elle a le mérite de dévoiler une hypocrisie inégalé dans l'histoire récente de l'humanité. Une hypocrisie qui distingue les Frères Musulmans syriens qui annoncent abandonner leurs activités d'opposition, pour resserrer les rangs contre les sionistes. Mais ces Frères musulmans ont-ils le droit d'oublier les crimes du régime commis contre les leurs à Hama, Homs et Alep ? Avant de se réconcilier avec le régime pour lutter contre les sionistes, ces Frères musulmans ont-ils dénoncé les crimes commis par leurs alliés et partenaires (dans la confrérie) en Algérie et en Irak ? Ont-ils dénoncé la mort de centaines de milliers de chiites en Irak sur le pont des oulémas à Bagdad, pulvérisé par l'un des vôtres conformément aux enseignements de votre religion de la paix et de la miséricorde ? Avez-vous une seule fois dénoncé les exactions contre les chrétiens en Irak ? Ou contre les coptes en Egypte ? Votre hypocrisie nous empêche de croire vos sentiments à l'égard des enfants de Gaza, puisque vous êtes responsables du pire.

(…) Essayons d'imaginer ce que le Hamas aurait fait du Fatah, et des autres, s'il possédait la technologie et les armes d'Israël ? Essayons d'imaginer ce que l'Iran aurait fait des sunnites de la région, s'il détenait les armes modernes que possède Israël ? Ce serait sans doute le massacre garanti.

(…) J'ai récemment rencontré un religieux hindou en marge d'une conférence consacrée à la guerre contre le terrorisme. Il m'a dit : « toutes les guerres se sont déroulées entre le bien et le mal. Sauf la prochaine, elle doit se dérouler entre le mal et le mal ». N'ayant pas compris ses propos, je lui ai demandé des explications. Il m'a dit : « Je suis contre la présence américaine en Irak et en Afghanistan. Si les Etats-Unis veulent gagner la guerre contre les islamistes, ils doivent se retirer et laisser les deux pôles du mal s'entretuer. Les sunnites et les chiites étant nourris sur la haine, vont se battre et se neutraliser ».

Tirant la conclusion de ces mots remplis de sagesse, on peut dire qu'Israël contribue aujourd'hui, inconsciemment, au succès de l'islam. En s'attaquant à Gaza, Israël pousse les musulmans à se solidariser et à surpasser leurs divergences. Et septembre noir en Jordanie est encore dans tous les esprits (…). Les exactions dont sont capables les arabes et les musulmans dépassent toute imagination. Un char jordanien avait écrasé un palestinien, puis le conducteur du char est descendu de son blindé et a bourré la bouche de sa victime avec un journal… Un comportement qu'aucun militaire israélien n'a eu à Gaza. Aussi, pendant les massacres de Hama en Syrie, des militants des Frères musulmans trempaient leurs mains dans le sang des victimes pour écrire sur les murs : Allah Akbar, gloire à l'islam. Je n'ai jamais entendu qu'un juif ait écrit avec le sang d'un autre juif des slogans à la gloire du judaïsme. Je le dis avec un pincement au cœur : pour sauver l'humanité du terrorisme, il faut que le monde libre se retire et qu'il laisse les musulmans s'entretuer.

(…) Je me souviens quand j'étais étudiante à l'université d'Alep, et quand l'ancien ministre syrien de la Défense Mustapha Tlass était venu nous rencontrer. Dans un élan d'hypocrisie, Tlass nous avait dit qu'« Israël craint la mort et la perte d'un de ses soldats lui fait peur et mal. Mais nous, nous avons beaucoup d'hommes et nos hommes ne craignent pas la mort ». Là réside la différence entre les deux conceptions et les deux camps, et le témoignage de Tlass semble avoir inspiré les dirigeants du Hamas aujourd'hui.

Ainsi, l'extermination de tous les enfants de Gaza importe peu aux dirigeants islamistes et du Hamas, la vie n'ayant aucune valeur pour eux. Ils se réjouissent simplement de la mort de quelques soldats israéliens. Pour les islamistes, l'objectif de la vie est de tuer ou de se faire tuer pour gagner le paradis. La vie n'a donc aucune valeur.

(…) Si le Prophète Mohammed savait que le Juif allait voler un jour à bord des F-16, il n'aurait pas commandé à ses disciples de tuer les juifs jusqu'au jour dernier. Mais ses disciples doivent modifier cette idéologie par pitié pour les générations futures, et pour sauver leur descendance et lui préparer une vie meilleure, loin de l'idéologisation de la mort.

Les musulmans doivent commencer par se changer, pour prétendre changer la vie. Ils doivent rejeter la culture de la mort enseignée et véhiculée par leurs livres. C'est seulement quand ils y parviendront qu'ils n'auront plus d'ennemis. Car, celui qui apprend à aimer son fils plus qu'à haïr son ennemi appréciera mieux la vie. Aussi, jamais la terre ne vaut la vie des personnes, et les Arabes sont le peuple qui a le moins besoin de la terre. Mais paradoxalement, c'est le peuple qui déteste le plus la vie. Quand est-ce que les Arabes comprendront-ils cette équation et commenceront-ils à aimer la vie ?

Traduction de Chawki Freïha

© Nos informations, analyses et articles sont à la disposition des lecteurs. Pour toute utilisation, merci de toujours mentionner la source « MediArabe.info »

Lire l'article original : Aafaq.org


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14 janvier 2009 3 14 /01 /janvier /2009 09:44

Voici une carte  de la Bande de Gaza et  sa frontière avec Israel :au Sud la frontière avec l'Egypte. A l'Est  les localites juives sous le feu de Gaza depuis 8 ans .Pour voir le Nord jusqu'à Ashkelon. et Ashdod atteints par les fusees Grad, cliquez sur le carré 10 , et ainsi de suite .
http://www.eyeonisrael.co.il/map-israel-thirteen.html

Philadelphie ? Ah, en Amérique ? Pas seulement ...
Le nom Philadelphie vient des mots  Grecs "phileo" aimer, et "adelphos" frère . C'était une ville d'Asie mineure . Ptolemée II Philadelphe est un Pharaon égyptien (-309/-246) qui a notament intégré la civilisation grecque et égyptienne . Son surnom Philadelphe vient de l'amour qu'il aurait porté à sa soeur qu'il épousa et la divinisa sous le nom de Philadelphos : "celle qui aime son frère" . Ptolemée II fut un grand bâtisseur et poursuivit entre autres grands ouvrages la construction du phare d'Alexandrie .
De notre temps,ce nom Philadelphie fut le nom de code donné par l'Etat d'Israel à une portion de frontière entre l'Egypte et le sud de la bande de Gaza . Un mur de béton de 8 m de haut défendait cette ligne . Est-ce un rapport avec  Ptolémée,( mais ce n'est certainement pas un roman d'amour entre l'Egypte et Gaza ), ou simplement un mot sortit au hasard d'un calculateur ? Cet axe plus connu sous le nom de "Couloir de Philadelphie", fut, est ,et restera sans doute le point de passage de la contrebande* en général, mais surtout d'armes importées de caches du Désert du Sinai dans la bande de Gaza .
Plus spécialement à la hauteur de la ville de Rafah, au milieu de laquelle passe cette frontière .
Depuis l'an 2005,cette zone et toute la bande de Gaza et la ville de Gaza forment une entité absolument indépendante, livrée à elle même, Israel ayant évacué toutes ses positions dans l'espoir fou que cela amènerait la paix .
Mais revenons avant 1967 .La bande de Gaza était alors une portion officielle du territoire égyptien .De là,les bandes assassines de Choukeiri,l'agitateur  local franchissaient la frontière d'Israel et semaient la terreur dans les kibboutzim et localités du Néguev .  
Après la guerre  de 1967, lorsque furent écrasées les armées  ennemies de Jordanie de Syrie et surtout d'Egypte, Israel qui avait chassé les égyptiens du Sinai , resta à Gaza pour empêcher les nouvelles infiltrations des fedayins .
Israel rendit le Sinai en entier à l'Egypte et obtint un traité de Paix qui dure jusqu'à ce jour .Le Président Sadat en paya de sa vie . En 2000 Israel signa avec le triste successeur de Choukeiri, Yasser Arafat les Accords d'Oslo, croyant en la parole de ce fieffé criminel . Celui-ci le Traité signé, et le Prix Nobel de la Paix en poche, s'offrit un voyage en Afrique du Sud et là bas,déclara en se réjouissant en public,"qu'il avait roulé Israel " .
Il envoya le pire de ses hommes commettre les attentats dans les grandes villes d'Israel où les autobus explosaient ainsi que les cafés,les centres commerciaux,
partout où le public était le plus dense .
Avec les milliards reçus du monde entier soi-disant pour son peuple, il acheta des armes de plus en plus sophistiquées, en mettant le reste à son compte en banque en Suisse pour ses vieux jours....
Après sa mort dit-on due à la maladie du Sida ,une force Islamiste fanatique inspirée du Hizbola du Liban et de Téhéran organisa des élections démocratiques et à cette fin précipita du haut d'un immeuble de Gaza une bonne centaine  d'opposants du précèdent régime : le sanglant Fatah à son tour goûtait du terrorisme.
Le Hamas imposa la Charia à Gaza, tortura ceux qui s'y opposaient, renvoya le statut de la femme à celui d'esclave au foyer , et organisa des groupes de suicidaires en les intoxiquant de propagande anti-juive dès l'âge de l'école coranique maternelle pour l'avenir brillant de Gaza ...
La Tv de Gaza  a diffusé sur ses écrans tous les films de l'époque nazie,y compris celui des Protocoles de Sion .
Et même s'est servie de dessins animés les plus choquants et haineux pour mieux contaminer la jeunesse .  Depuis 2005 Israel ne contrôle plus ce couloir de Philadelphie,et des milliers, (oui,vous lisez bien) de tunnels ont été forés sous cette frontière et dans tout Gaza .Les fusées démontées ou entières ,de fabrication chinoise et des quantités énormes de munitions furent engrangées dans cette bande de Gaza qui devint un arsenal immense sur lequel les familles innocentes gazaouites dormaient, vivaient et dont les enfants, innocents otages  du Hamas jouaient sur des barils de poudre . Maintenant tout cela explosé grâce enfin à  la riposte en Légitime Défense d'Israel qui a rongé son frein huit années durant sous les bombardements de fusées tirées des écoles, des habitations et des mosquées de Gaza .
Mais revenons à cet axe Philadelphie d'avant 2005,lorsque Israel essayait de lutter contre les infiltrations d'armes , au sol ,et sous le sol dans cette région frontalière . Toujours, un tunnel commence son entrée sous le couvert d'une maison et finit de même dans le salon d'une autre située à 800 mètres ou plus ...
La terre enlevée est emportée  de nuit par un camion pour être déversée plus loin pour ne pas attirer l'attention par des changements de terrain . Le tunnel, étayé,
éclairé et aéré,a ses orifices camouflés par le sol carrelé avec un lit où dort de préférence un malade, un vieillard ou un enfant .
Israel à cette frontière a essayé de lutter avec des moyens techniques pour détecter ces tunnels . L'un d'eux ,ingénieux, consistait en une machine roulante qui pouvait creuser avec une chaine à godets acérés un  fossé étroit mais très profond, à la manière d'une drague, jusqu'à 20 m dans le sol pour alors dévoiler dans cette section un éventuel tunnel qui croisait sa route . Mais ce projet fut abandonné, de même que les procédés sismiques . Les taupes du Hamas progressaient plus vite dans cette course . C'est à un Corps de soldats extrêmement audacieux que fut confiée au début la tache de dépister sur le terrain les tunnels, de les explorer malgré le danger des pièges du Hamas, et enfin de les détruire en les bourrant d'explosif .Tout au long de cette route frontalière, ils circulaient dans une chenillette, avec leur charge de 500kg d'explosif, toujours sous les tirs des milices du Hamas . A l'un des soldats à qui un commentateur lui faisait remarquer cette extrême imprudence, au lieu de diviser les risques en plusieurs transports, il lui fut répondu que le risque d'être atteint était multiplié par le nombre d'allées et venues et qu'il était préférable de courir le danger d'un voyage unique !.  
Un jour la chance abandonna ces héros du Couloir de la Mort, un projectile anti-tank atteignit la chenillette qui vola en éclat avec son équipage . 500 kg d'explosif transformèrent ces cinq  enfants d'Israel en poussière .
Le Hamas se précipita sur les lieux pour emporter les restes humains  qu'il put trouver .Pour eux c'était un trésor à échanger avec Israel qui n'abandonne jamais ses morts sur le terrain .
Lorsque plus tard Tsahal arriva sur le site du drame, les soldats descendirent du convoi, se mirent de front sur cet axe, s'agenouillèrent et en progressant  commencèrent ensemble à filtrer avec leurs mains le sable qui contenaient les minuscules restes de leurs camarades . Spectacle hallucinant sur plusieurs centaines de mètres et sous un soleil brûlant .
Jamais, jamais aucune armée au monde a pris tant de soin à chercher ses morts pour en enterrer les débris dans sa patrie .

Un funeste matin je vis à l'entrée une affichette bordée de noir annonçant le décès du fils d'Ida et Ahron, le Capitaine  Taranto mort pour la Patrie en service commandé .
Ce jeune officier, un des plus courageux parmi les audacieux de Tsahal, s'était spécialisé lors de la découverte d'orifice de tunnels, dans la descente dans le noir, pour l'explorer armé de son revolver et éclairé d'une lampe frontale et essayer de localiser où il débouchait . Ces tunnels communiquent entre eux,sont piégés et difficile de prévoir d'où va surgir un terroriste .Un jour fatal le tunnel s'écroulât sur l'officier et il mourut d'une mort atroce étouffé dans le sable ,et les secours furent vains . 


Une précédente tentative pour déterminer la location et la profondeur d'un tunnel en Octobre échoua quand le Sergent-Major  Moshe Elmaliah (de Dimona), fut tué par une explosion .Le Lieutenant Taranto prit le commandement de cette unité d'élite après que son meilleur ami le Lieutenant  Hakani qui la dirigeait fut en Mai  tué avec les quatre autres  soldats de l'équipe spécialisée . La  chenillette chargée d'explosifs pour faire sauter un tunnel ayant été atteinte par un obus de bazooka des terroristes dans le couloir de Philadelphie décrit plus haut .

"Au début les deux officiers pensèrent pénétrer par l'orifice du tunnel, mais réalisèrent que celà était impossible .Ils décidèrent alors de creuser une tranchée dans un endroit où ils pensaient le repérer en se servant d'un dispositif électronique. Moché Taranto s'introduit dans la tranchée profonde de dix mètres et le second officier le suivit . Hélas le monticule de sable qui bordait le trou, fragilisé par la récente pluie s'effondra enterrant les deux hommes.Le Capitaine Taranto y pérît étouffé, l'autre officier survécut à ses blessures .Ce jeune et courageux officier avait fini son service et déjà se préparait à des études universitaires mais après la mort tragique de son meilleur ami Hakani, il demanda de lui succéder dans cette tache dangereuse et signa une prolongation militaire : "Papa, quelqu'un doit continuer ce boulot" déclarât-il alors à son père peu avant ".
Chaque fois qu'il neutralisait un tunnel, il sauvait ainsi des civils en Israel .
Ce héros est enterré à Ashdod, une ville qui souffre aujourd'hui des fusées Grad, après que Tsahal ait abandonné en 2005 le contrôle de ce "Couloir de Philadelphie" par où sont passées à Gaza des  milliers de tonnes d'armes, fusées et munitions que l'Armée d'Israel s'efforce de neutraliser depuis 3 semaines de combats , en ce mois de Janvier 2009.

Moché Taranto avait 23 ans .


Que sa mémoire soit bénie ainsi que celle de tous ceux  qui sont tombés pour que Vive Israel .

n.b. Je remercie Margot Dudkewitch dont  j'ai traduit une fraction en italique de son reportage dans le Jérusalem Post
.

Aussi un article intéressant illustré du Figaro :

http://www.lefigaro.fr/international/2009/01/10/01003-20090110ARTFIG00206

-dans-le-secret-des-tunnels-de-gaza-.php



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